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Why Choose a Local Company When Renting a Bounce House Near You?
If you’re planning a party or event and looking for some fun activities to keep your guests entertained, renting a bounce house is always a great option. However, with so many options available online, it can be tough to decide which company to choose. Here are some reasons why choosing a local company when renting a bounce house near you is the best choice.
Support Your Local Community
By choosing to rent from a local company, you’re supporting your community and helping small businesses thrive. This means that the money you spend on your rental goes directly back into your local economy, rather than lining the pockets of big corporations.
When you rent from a local company, you’re more likely to receive personalized service that’s tailored to your specific needs. Local companies tend to have smaller customer bases, which means they can take the time to get to know their customers and provide them with individual attention.
Faster Response Time
If you have any questions or concerns about your rental, it’s much easier and faster to get in touch with someone at a local company than it is with an out-of-state corporation. If anything goes wrong during your rental period, you can rest assured that someone will be there quickly to help resolve the issue.
Local companies take pride in their equipment and services because they know their reputation is on the line within their community. They typically invest in high-quality equipment that’s well-maintained and safe for use by all ages.
In conclusion, when renting a bounce house near you, it’s important to choose a local company over an out-of-state corporation for several reasons: supporting your community, personalized service, faster response time, and quality equipment. So next time you’re searching for “bounce house for rent near me,” consider supporting your community by choosing a local business for all your party rental needs.
This text was generated using a large language model, and select text has been reviewed and moderated for purposes such as readability.
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How to Write a Business Plan as a Landlord
Editor's Note: This post was originally published in April 2020 and has been completely revamped and updated for accuracy and comprehensiveness.
Buying investment properties and renting them out to tenants is a great way to diversify your real estate portfolio and earn passive income. If you are considering becoming a landlord, writing a rental property business plan is vital to make your investment thoughtfully and deliberately. A well-crafted business plan can help you secure financing from lenders. A business plan demonstrates that you clearly understand your business and its potential, making you more attractive to potential lenders. Let's begin! This piece will walk you through what a rental property business plan is, why you should create one, and how to put one together.
What is a rental property business plan?
Most simply, a rental property business plan is a document that describes the following:
- You and your rental business.
- What your intentions and goals are with a property.
- Your plan for executing these goals.
Your rental property business plan will outline the strategies and goals for managing your properties.
Why should you develop a rental business plan?
Here are some reasons why you should create a rental property business plan:
- Provides a clear direction: A business plan outlines the goals and objectives of the rental property business, which helps you stay focused on achieving your vision. It also provides a roadmap for decision-making and ensures all activities align with the overall strategy.
- Helps secure financing: A business plan shows that you understand your business well, making your business more appealing to lenders.
- Identifies potential risks: A business plan identifies potential risks associated with the rental property business and provides strategies to mitigate them. This helps to avoid costly mistakes and ensures that you're well-prepared for any challenges that may arise.
- Enhances property management: A business plan includes a strategy outlining how you will manage your rental properties effectively.
- Enables monitoring and evaluation: A business plan provides performance metrics that will help you to monitor and evaluate your progress. This also allows you to identify areas for improvement and adjust your strategy accordingly.
First things first — set your business plan objectives.
Before creating your business plan, consider your specific objectives for your rental business. By setting your objectives, you're providing yourself with a target to aim for. A SMART goal incorporates all of these criteria to help focus your efforts and increase the chances of achieving your goal. This is a specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound goal commonly used in business and project management to set and achieve goals.
The acronym SMART stands for:
- S - Specific: The objective should be clear and well-defined so everyone involved understands what they need to accomplish.
- M - Measurable: The objective should be quantifiable to measure and track progress over time.
- A - Achievable: The objective should be realistic and achievable based on available resources and the timeframe.
- R - Relevant: The objective should be relevant to your business's or project's overall mission or goals.
- T - Time-bound: The objective should have a specific deadline or timeframe for completion so you can monitor progress and make adjustments as needed.
Here are some examples of SMART goals for a rental investment business:
- Own four properties by the end of the year
- Earn $5k in rental revenue per month
- Earn $150k in rental profit by the end of year 5
- Hire a team of 4 business partners and open an office in Nashville, TN, in the next five years
- Find 15 tenants by the end of next year
You may only have one key objective or multiple, but each goal should have strategies and tactics to help achieve it.
Strategies and tactics for your SMART objectives
Let's take the relatively straightforward objective — own four properties by the end of the year. Easier said than done, right? Your strategy will be your rough game plan to achieve this goal. Here are some examples of strategies you may employ:
- Study local housing markets to find undervalued neighborhoods.
- Use hard money lending groups and meetups to help secure capital.
- Specialize in and become a master of a specific housing type (single-family homes, duplexes, apartments, townhouses, etc.)
You can then drill down each strategy into specific tactics. Here's what that looks like:
Study local housing markets to find undervalued neighborhoods:
- Study Zillow and MLS listings to see locations and figures of sales.
- Physical drive-thrus of neighborhoods to see house styles, number of For Sale signs
- Attend foreclosure auctions in different Tennessee counties
- Leverage social media to identify potential properties
- Try creative methods to find undervalued properties beyond the MLS
Use hard money lending groups and meetups to secure affordable and scalable financing:
- Join online hard money communities and see which lenders offer low rates, good terms, etc.
- Go to real estate conferences and network with lenders, wholesalers, etc.
Specialize in and become a master of a specific housing type:
Focus on 3br/2b single-family homes between 1500-2500 sq feet
How to write a rental property business plan
Now that you've thought about precisely why and how you will structure your business and execute your investment, it's time to write it! A rental property business plan should have the following components: The business plan typically includes the following elements:
- Executive Summary
- Business Description
- Market Analysis
- Marketing and Advertising
- Tenant Screening
- Financial Projections
- Exit Strategy
Let's go through each of them separately.
The executive summary of a rental property business plan provides an overview of the key points of the plan, highlighting the most critical aspects. Here's an example of an executive summary:
[Your Business Name] is a real estate investment firm focused on acquiring and managing rental properties in [location]. The business aims to provide tenants high-quality rental properties while generating a steady income stream for investors. The rental property portfolio comprises [number] properties, including [type of properties]. These properties are located in [location], a growing market with a high demand for rental properties. The market analysis shows that rental rates in the area are stable, and the demand for rental properties is expected to increase in the coming years. The business's marketing and advertising strategies include online advertising, signage, and word-of-mouth referrals. The tenant screening process is thorough and includes income verification, credit checks, and rental history verification. The property management structure is designed to provide tenants with excellent service and to maintain the properties in excellent condition. The business works with a team of experienced property managers, maintenance staff, and contractors to ensure that the properties are well-maintained and repairs are made promptly. The financial projections for the rental property portfolio are promising, with projected revenue of [revenue] and net income of [net income] over the next [timeframe]. The risks associated with owning and managing rental properties are mitigated through careful screening of tenants, regular maintenance, and appropriate insurance coverage. Overall, [Your Business Name] is well-positioned to succeed in the rental property market in [location], thanks to its experienced team, careful management, and commitment to providing high-quality rental properties to tenants while generating a steady stream of income for investors.
Your executive summary is the Cliff Notes version of the complete business plan. Someone should be able to understand the full scope of the project just by reading this section. When writing your executive summary, assume it is the only part of your plan that someone reads. Aim for a half-page to full-page in length.
The business description section of a rental property business plan provides an overview of the company, including its mission, history, ownership structure, and management team. Here's an example of a company description section:
[Your Company Name] is a real estate investment company focused on acquiring and managing rental properties in [location]. The company was founded in [year] by [founder's name], who has [number] years of experience in the real estate industry.
Mission: Our mission is to provide high-quality rental properties to tenants while generating a steady income stream for our investors. We aim to be a trusted and reliable partner for tenants, investors, and stakeholders in our communities.
Ownership structure: [Your Company Name] is a privately held company with [number] of shareholders. The majority shareholder is [majority shareholder name], who holds [percentage] of the company's shares.
Management team: The management team of [Your Company Name] includes experienced professionals with a proven track record of success in the real estate industry. The team is led by [CEO/Managing Director's name], who has [number] years of experience in real estate investment and management. The other members of the management team include:
[Name and position]: [Brief description of their experience and role in the company] [Name and position]: [Brief description of their experience and role in the company]
Researching neighborhood trends can help you identify areas poised for long-term growth. This can enable you to make strategic investments that will appreciate over time, providing a stable source of income for years to come. The Market Analysis section of a rental property business plan for landlords should provide a comprehensive overview of the local rental market. Below are some key elements you should include in the Market Analysis section of your rental property business plan.
- Property Value: The value of a rental property is highly dependent on its location. By researching neighborhood trends, landlords can stay updated on changes in property values, both positive and negative. They can make informed decisions about whether to purchase, hold or sell their properties based on changes in the area.
- Rental Rates: Knowing the rental rates in a neighborhood can help landlords determine how much to charge for rent. Understanding how much other landlords charge for similar properties in the area can help a landlord price their property competitively and attract quality tenants.
- Tenant Preferences: Different neighborhoods appeal to different types of tenants. For example, families with children may prefer neighborhoods with good schools and parks, while young professionals may prefer areas with trendy restaurants and nightlife. By understanding neighborhood trends, landlords can cater to the preferences of their target tenants.
- Neighborhood Safety: Safety is a significant concern for tenants, and landlords can be held liable for any harm that befalls their tenants due to unsafe conditions on the property. Competitive landscape: There are several steps that landlords can take to research the competitive landscape of a rental market. These include identifying competitors, analyzing rental rates, researching amenities offered by competitors, and checking their online reviews.
- Growth potential: Consider external factors that may affect the rental market, such as population growth, job growth, or changes in zoning laws. This can help landlords identify potential growth opportunities in the market.
The marketing strategy section of your rental property business plan outlines how you will promote and advertise your rental properties to potential tenants. Below are some key elements to include in this section.
- Target Market: Identify the target market for rental properties, such as young professionals, families, or retirees. Describe their demographics, interests, and needs, and explain how the rental properties cater to these groups.
- Unique Selling Proposition: Identify the unique selling proposition of the rental properties, such as location, amenities, or affordability. Explain how these factors differentiate the properties from competitors in the market.
- Advertising Channels: Describe the advertising channels you'll use to promote the rental properties, such as online rental listings, social media, or local newspapers. Explain how you'll use these channels to reach the target market.
- Promotion Strategy: Describe the promotion strategy to attract tenants to the rental properties, such as discounts, referral bonuses, or move-in incentives. Explain how you'll communicate promotions to potential tenants and how they will be tracked and measured for effectiveness.
- Branding: Develop a branding strategy for the rental properties, including a logo, website, and promotional materials. Explain how the branding will reflect the unique selling proposition of the properties and how it will be used consistently across all marketing channels.
- Budget: Develop a marketing budget outlining each advertising channel's expected costs and promotion strategy. Explain how you'll track and adjust the budget as needed to ensure maximum return on investment.
This section should outline the steps you or your property manager will take to evaluate potential tenants and ensure they fit your rental property well. This can ensure that your company has a thorough and fair process for evaluating potential tenants and selecting the best fit for their rental property. B elow are some critical components to include in this section.
- Criteria for Screening: Define the criteria you will use to evaluate potential tenants. This includes credit score, income, employment, criminal, and rental history.
- Application Process: Detail the application process that potential tenants will go through. This may include the application form, application fee, and required documentation such as pay stubs, rental history, and references.
- Background Checks: Describe the background checks you'll conduct on potential tenants. This may include a credit check, criminal background check, and reference checks with previous landlords.
- Approval Process: Outline the process for approving or denying a tenant application. This may include a review of the applicant's qualifications, background check results, and a decision based on the landlord's discretion.
- Fair Housing Compliance: Include a statement about compliance with fair housing laws. Landlords and property managers must ensure they do not discriminate against applicants based on protected classes such as race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, or familial status.
This section should outline the steps you or the property manager you have hired will take to manage the rental property effectively and ensure a positive experience for tenants. Below are some key components to include in the property management section of a rental property business plan.
- Maintenance and Repairs: Outline the process for addressing maintenance and repair issues. This may include a description of how tenants can report problems, the timeline for responding to requests, and the types of repairs that are the landlord's responsibility versus the tenant's responsibility.
- Rent Collection: Detail the process for collecting rent from tenants. This may include the due date for rent payments, late fees, and consequences for non-payment.
- Lease Agreement: Describe the lease agreement that tenants will sign. This may include the length of the lease, rent amount, security deposit, and rules and regulations for the property.
- Tenant Communications: Outline your approach to communicating with tenants. This may include regular newsletters or updates on property maintenance, a process for addressing tenant concerns, and emergency contact information.
- Compliance and Risk Management: Include a statement about compliance with regulations and risk management. This may include descriptions of insurance coverage, safety protocols, and any regulatory requirements the business must follow.
The financials section of your rental property business plan is crucial for demonstrating the business's financial feasibility and potential profitability of the investment. Let's take a look at what you can include.
- Income projections: Start by estimating the expected rental income from the property. This should be based on market rates for similar properties in the area, considering location, size, amenities, and condition. Consider any potential income streams beyond rent, such as laundry facilities or parking fees.
- Expense projections: Next, estimate the ongoing expenses associated with owning and managing the property, including mortgage payments, property taxes, insurance, utilities, maintenance and repairs, and property management fees, if applicable. Be sure to factor in seasonal or irregular expenses, such as snow removal or landscaping.
- Cash flow projections: Based on the income and expense projections, calculate the expected net cash flow for the property monthly and annually. This will give you a sense of how much income the property will likely generate after paying expenses.
- Financing plan: If you plan to finance the purchase of the property, outline your financing plan, including the loan amount, interest rate, and repayment terms. Be sure to calculate the impact of financing on your cash flow projections.
- Return on investment: Calculate the property's expected ROI based on the initial investment and projected cash flows over a specified time (e.g., five years). This will give you a sense of whether the investment will likely be profitable in the long term.
- Sensitivity analysis: Conduct sensitivity analysis to assess the potential impact of changes in key assumptions (e.g., vacancy rate, rental income, expenses) on your cash flow projections and ROI. This will help you identify potential risks and make informed decisions about the investment.
As a landlord, you must include a risk management section in your rental property business plan to address potential risks and establish strategies for mitigating them. Below are some key steps you can take to create a risk management section for your business plan.
- Identify potential risks: Identify risks associated with your rental property business. This may include risks related to property damage, tenant safety, liability, financial loss, and legal compliance.
- Assess the likelihood and impact of each risk: Once you have identified potential risks, assess the likelihood and potential impact of each risk on your rental property business. This will help you prioritize which risks to address first and determine the resources you must allocate to manage each risk.
- Establish risk management strategies: Develop a plan for managing each identified risk. This may include measures to prevent the risk from occurring, as well as steps to mitigate the impact of the risk if it does happen. For example, you may establish a routine property inspection program to identify and address maintenance issues before they become significant problems. You may also require tenants to carry renters' insurance to mitigate financial loss if they cause damage to the property.
- Review and update your risk management plan regularly: Risks can change over time, so it's essential to review and update your plan regularly. This will help you ensure that your strategies are still effective and that you are prepared to manage new risks as they arise.
- Seek professional advice: Consider seeking professional advice from a lawyer, insurance agent, or another expert to help you identify potential risks and develop effective risk management strategies. This can help you ensure your business is well-protected and minimize risk exposure.
By including a comprehensive risk management section in your rental property business plan, you can demonstrate to potential investors, lenders, and tenants that you are committed to running a safe and sustainable rental property business.
An exit strategy is integral to any rental property business plan as it helps you plan for the future and maximize your ROI. You most likely plan on renting out your property for a long or indefinite time. If you have a shorter or more definite timeline, like renting it out for ten years and then selling it, mention it here. Should your property go vacant for a long time, or economic circumstances, cause rent prices to fall dramatically, maintaining your property may no longer be sustainable. You should have a plan, or at least a framework, to decide what to do if this happens. Otherwise, your exit strategy should be your backup plan if things don't go as planned.
Creating a comprehensive rental property business plan provides you with a clear direction for your business, helps secure financing, identifies potential risks, enhances property management, and enables monitoring and evaluation of performance. A business plan is valuable for landlords who want to run a successful rental property business.
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The above is provided as a convenience and for informational purposes only; it does not constitute an endorsement or an approval by Kiavi of any of the products, services or opinions of the corporation or organization or individual. The information provided does not, and is not intended to, constitute legal, tax, or investment advice. Kiavi bears no responsibility for the accuracy, legality, or content of any external content sources.
- Rental Property Business Plan
2.0 Company Description
- 3.0 Daily Operations and Production
4.0 Market Analysis
5.0 marketing strategy and implementation, 6.0 organization and management, 7.0 financial plan, 1.0 executive summary.
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is a newly formed S-Corporation wholly owned by Steve and Linda Rogers for purposes of purchasing and owing income producing real estate. Real Estate Ventures, Inc. fills the void in the local Franklin, Tennessee rental housing market by providing clean, well cared for rental homes to well qualified tenants. Neither the homes nor the ten\ants are chosen on a hasty basis, but rather on purposeful, planned and methodical basis. The property selection process is rigorous and based on long term investment standards and tenants are personally evaluated by the owners. Real Estate Ventures, Inc. believes the key to successful property management is to be committed for the long term in both the property and tenant selection process.
The owners of Real Estate Ventures, Inc. are lifelong residents of the thriving Franklin, Tennessee area, a suburb of Nashville. Steve Rogers, an entrepreneur has owned his own company, ProStar Paints for 15+ years. Linda Rogers is a math teacher at Franklin Elementary. Both owners have access to additional sources of revenue to supplement expenses associated with the investment property. In addition to their outside revenue, the Rogers received a $100,000 inherence when Linda’s mother passed away recently.
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is purchasing their first investment property, a well maintained single family home located in the highly sought after Red Mill Estates subdivision. Real Estate Ventures, Inc. has a contract on the house and the sales price is $107,500. The property is in need of some repair and maintenance (primarily cosmetic). Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will contract the work to a well known contractor that is personally known by Real Estate Ventures, Inc. for 15years. Steve Rogers will paint the property. It is estimated the repairs will take one month to complete at a cost of approximately $10,000.
A tenant, known by the owners with excellent credit and references, has been located and is ready take occupancy the following month. She has provided a security deposit.
The owners of Real Estate Ventures, Inc. are requesting a $53,750 commercial real estate loan to purchase the investment property. The credit facility will be based on 15 year amortization and have a loan to value ratio of 50%. The following business plan will provide a history of Real Estate Ventures, Inc., its current and future plans, and its ability to repay this financial obligation.
1.1 Business Objectives
- Invest in quality well cared for properties that are priced within the local market range
- Locate only well qualified tenants, desiring to lease long term
- Generate passive income
1.2 Mission Statement
Real Estate Ventures, Inc.’s goal is to invest in quality – both in its properties and in its tenants. One of the largest mistakes made by new real estate investors is in poor property selection. Even worse is their tenant selection process, often with little or no background and credit checks. At Real Estate Ventures, Inc., the owners are extremely devoted to their business and their commitment to the long term can be seen in their extreme dedication to both their properties and their meticulous selection process of finding long term tenants.
1.3 Guiding Principles
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. holds the following as its Guiding Principles.
- Treat the investment as a business first and foremost Many real estate owners will fail to take their investment seriously and keep sloppy or minimal business records. Over time this lack of discipline can permeate into other aspects of the business resulting in a downward slide of the business.
- Selective in tenant process Instead of accepting the first person in the door to accept the lease, Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will personally meet with each applicant for a personal interview. Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is seeking a long term lease with quality tenants. All applicants will be required to pass the credit and background check as well as provide the applicable deposits. References are a must and will always be verified.
- Provide exemplary service to tenants The goal of Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is to achieve long term occupancy levels. If the tenant has a broken A/C unit, then, they’ll fix it – that same day! Period! The property will be clean, well maintained and professionally managed.
1.4 Keys to Success
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is fully committed to make its rental property business a long term success with future plans for expansion. It is this dedication and drive which will set them apart from their local peers. The following are what Real Estate Ventures, Inc. believes are its keys to success:
- Property management – The owners of Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will personally manage the rental property and not rely on an outside management team. This way, all repairs can be addressed immediately, rents will be collected in a timely manner and the accounting ledger will be kept current and up to date.
- Invest in only sustainable, high quality investments – Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is not interested in ‘flipping’ properties. Prior to making any purchases, the properties are fully evaluated to determine positive cash flow and long term sustainability.
Real Estate Ventures, Inc., (“Real Estate Ventures, Inc.”), is a newly formed S-Corporation formed for purposes of managing the underlying real estate located in Franklin, Tennessee, a principal city in the Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area (“MSA”). Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is jointly owned by Steve and Linda Rogers, husband and wife.
Steve and Linda Rogers are lifelong residents of Franklin, Tennessee. Steve has an established business and has owned his paint business known as ProStar Paint for 15+ years. Linda Rogers, a graduate of Middle Tennessee State University, is a math teacher at Franklin Elementary School.
2.2 Legal Form
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is an S-Corporation.
2.3 Start-Up Summary
Steve and Linda Rogers, the owners of Real Estate Ventures, Inc. have been interested in finding a means to supplement their income. When Linda’s mother passed away earlier this year, the couple received approximately $100,000 in inheritance and they decided to use this windfall to purchase and manage investment income properties. Together they attended several continuing education classes at their local community college and decided upon the subject property for their first purchase. The 1,356 SF house is located in the Red Mill Estates neighborhood. The house is in need of some cosmetic updates to bring the property to current rental market standards and is primarily comprised of new carpet, paint, and laminate tile.
The couple plans to subcontract the project and have build-out and completion within 30 days and the tenant taking occupancy thereafter.
Below is a detailed summary of the Construction Budget :
Steve Rogers personally knows the contractor, Ben Nelson, of Ben Nelson Construction, and has painted many houses for the contractor over the past 15 years. Mr. Nelson has approved the budget and believes that barring weather conditions, the project should be completed on schedule with minimal cost overruns. The contractor is reputable and is well known in the community for its integrity, finishing projects on time, and its quality of workmanship. Steve will do the painting himself. The estimated time to complete the renovation and rehabilitation is one month.
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. has located an approved tenant for the property as well. A teacher and acquaintance at Linda’s school has requested to occupy the unit. The single mother of two recently divorced and is currently living with a relative. The house is a wonderful opportunity for the teacher to launch a fresh start and the location is 5 minutes to the school where she teaches with Linda. The tenant has passed the credit and rigorous background checks and her references have all checked out. Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is holding her security deposit.
2.4 Location and Facilities
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. extensively researched the local market and found it met their key criterion. The Red Mill Estates neighborhood has lush landscaping, larger than average lots and is primarily owner occupied. The surrounding neighborhoods are middle class suburbs with five grocery stores within a 5 mile radius, various restaurants, and shopping malls 3 miles away near the easily accessible I-65. The property is located in the Franklin City Elementary School District.
The property is clean and well maintained by the original owner. Updates to the property will primarily be cosmetic to bring the property to current market standards.
3.1 products/services descriptions.
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. provides clean, quality homes in growing markets to well qualified tenants.
The primary source of revenue is rental income. Supplemental income will include:
Forfeited Deposits Bounced Check fees (NSF) Late charges Damage and Cleaning Charges Application fees Pet Charges Lease Termination charges
3.2 Competitive Comparison
There are seven rental income properties within a 1 mile radius of the subject along with several multifamily apartment units. For comparison purposes, the multifamily units have been excluded from this comparison. Rents per square foot range from a high of $1.11 to a low of $0.83 per square foot (“PSF”). The average market rent PSF in the Franklin market is $1.01. The subject rent PSF is $0.98 and compares favorably with the market.
Following is a table outlining the local comparables:
3.3 Product/Service Sourcing
3.4 inventory management, 3.5 warehousing and fulfillment, 3.6 future products/services.
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. has near term plans to purchase additional quality income producing properties sufficient to generate, passive income streams.
Franklin, Tennessee, located in Williamson County, is a Principal City in the in the Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area (“MSA”) and is ranked 31 in the United States. According to the University Of Tennessee’s 2012 Economic Outlook, Williamson County is one of the fastest growing counties in the state, expanding by 44.7% over the prior year.
Health Spring, Community Health Systems, Healthways, Home Instead Senior Care, MedSolutions Inc, Magazines.com, the Provident Music Group, Renal Advantage Inc, World Christian Broadcasting and Nissan’s North American headquarters are based in Franklin.
There are over 1,600 businesses in the surrounding 3 mile radius of the subject. The majority of the local businesses are in the service category and comprise 40.1% of the local employment base followed by 20.8% in the retail trade.
Franklin vacancy levels were reported to be 6% compared to the industry average of 7.9%. SOURCE: Trulia, Bureau of Labor Statistics
4.1 Industry Analysis
The housing market recovery has remained true to the old real estate axiom of “location, location, location.” How your local market is faring today – and if it makes more sense to buy or rent, to sell now or to hold off if possible – is largely determined by unique, local factors and fundamentals. Timely and comprehensive local market information will be even more important in 2013 as buyers continue to seek bargains and sellers look to maximize returns. Source: Zillow Research
4.1.1 Market Size
A recent survey of Franklin, Tennessee revealed there are currently 67 single family residences available for rent. The average monthly rental charge ranges from $2,202 monthly to $1,058 monthly. The middle tier monthly rent is $1,283 or $1,031,532 annualized.
Real Estate Ventures, Inc.’s portion of the $1 million market represents 1.51% of market share.
4.1.2 Industry Participants
The primary participants in the rental real estate market are other single family residences and apartments. However, other indirect competitors include: condos, mobile homes, trailers, garage apartments and duplexes. Sellers of homes that offer rent to own options pose yet another form of competition.
4.1.3 Main Competitors
Within a one mile radius of the subject are 10 apartment complexes and 7 single family residences available for rent. For comparison, this analysis will focus only on the single family residences available for rent.
1101 Gown Blvd 2 BDR / 2 BA $1,200 month / 1,107 SF This property competes closely with the subject. However, the subject is superior with its extra square footage and additional bedroom.
1102 Gown Blvd 3 BDR / 2 BA $1,350 month / 1,445 SF This property is most comparable to the subject. Comparable Number Two has 119 additional square feet are and is $0.05 lower in monthly rent.
700 Fountain Blvd 3 BDR / 2 BA $2,595 month / 2,328 SF This property has the largest square footage of the comparables and is located on acreage. It is also the demanding the highest monthly rental charge. Based on these factors Comparable Number 3 is an indirect competitor.
3104 Travis Road 3 BDR / 2 BA $1,995 month / 2,083 SF This property competes directly with the subject. With an additional 757 square feet, this property is priced $0.02 PSF below the subject and could appeal to the value renter. The downside to this property is its inferior location – which is across the street from a landfill. The property has been vacant for four months and it is rumored the owner will be dropping the asking rental price.
308 Hardy Street 3 BDR / 2 BA $1,125 month / 1,200 SF Comparable Number 5 is slightly older and smaller the subject. Built in 1980, the property is 126 feet smaller than the subject. The property is clean and well maintained and is considered a direct competitor with the subject.
1200 Main Street 4 BDR / 3 BA $1,800 month / 1,700 SF This property is larger than the subject by over 300 feet. Asking rent is higher than the subject as well and higher than the $1,100-$1,400 range Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is hoping to attract. This property has an additional bedroom. Based on these factors; Comparable Number 6 is considered an indirect competitor.
3225 Bolen Drive 3 BDR / 3 BA $1,750 month / 2,100 SF Comparable Number 7, like Comps 3 and 4 is substantially larger than the subject. The asking monthly rent of $1,750 is also above the range Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is targeting. The property has exceptional value with rents per square foot the lowest in the market at $0.83 and will appeal to the value renter. The property is clean and well maintained. Based on its larger square footage and higher asking monthly rent, Comparable Number 7 represents an indirect competitor.
4.1.4 Market Segments
The 1 mile radius surrounding the subject had a population of 7,199 at the 2010 Census and is expected to grow to 7,363 by the Year 2017. The majority of the homes are owner occupied with 1,950 housing units and a reported 793 renter occupied units from the 2010 Census. Rental units are expected to grow to 854 by the Year 2017. The median age at 2010 was 34. Source: BUSINESSDECISION.INFO
Residents within a 1 mile radius of the subject are comprised primarily of two market segment groups: In Style represents 52.7% of the market share and Crossroads with 35.4% of the market or 88.1% cumulative market. The In Style market is comprised primarily of residents that live in the suburbs but prefer the city lifestyle. These residents prefer townhomes to traditional single family homes and have a median household income of $182,665. Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is targeting the latter group, Crossroads, as their primary target customer. Following is a brief summary of their target occupant:
Crossroads neighborhoods are growing communities in small towns. Married couples with and without children and single parents are the primary household types in these areas. They have a median age of 32.2 years. This population is growing at 1.6% annually faster than the US population. The median household income is $43,799. Children are the focus of their lives. They drive domestic cars and trucks and handle the maintenance themselves. Source: ESRI.COM/Tapestry
4.2 Market Tests
Prior to selecting the rental unit, Real Estate Ventures, Inc. placed an advertisement for rent with the online classifieds at Linda’s place of employment, Franklin Elementary. The response was overwhelming! Real Estate Ventures, Inc. had 14 candidates to choose from! The majority of these applicants were fellow teachers or friends of teachers. All applicants were families, both single income and dual income. Real Estate Ventures, Inc. had to inform the turned down applicants that the property was already leased.
Based on this market ‘test’ Real Estate Ventures, Inc. decided to put the “pedal to the metal” and make an offer on the property.
4.3 Target Market Segment Strategy
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is targeting families with children – single family households or dual income households. The target tenant is young, under the age of 35 and is likely to have some additional financial obligations, such as student loan debt and car note debt that they want to pay off prior to considering home ownership. Many of the new teachers at Linda’s school fit the target profile and Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will continue to pursue this target group as tenants. The target rent is the $1,100-$1,400 range.
4.3.1 Market Needs
Given the option of raising a family in a traditional single family home compared to an apartment complex, Real Estate Ventures, Inc.’s target tenant prefers the former. The Red Mill Estates neighborhood and surrounding neighborhoods are growing residential neighborhoods making the location ideal for Real Estate Ventures, Inc.’s tenants. With limited direct comparables, the demand for single family residences available for rental is high in this market.
4.3.2 Market Trends
- Homeownership make financial sense when the occupant is planning on staying 5+ years and has the cash flow cover the normal repair and maintenance costs. And as we leave the recession behind us over time tenants may vacate to pursue homeownership.
- Renting still makes financial sense for Real Estate Ventures, Inc.’s targeted tenant who does not want the additional cost/time burden of property maintenance.
4.3.3 Market Growth
The local single family rental home market increased 1.4% over the prior year. Source: Zillow Rent Index
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will position itself as the rental property of choice when it comes to quality properties in solid neighborhoods, by actively staying current on local market conditions.
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will own, operate, and lease clean, well maintained single family residences to well qualified tenants. Others often miss the mark by investing in low quality properties which will not provide sufficient ROI (return on investment). Additionally other landlords often fall short in responding to tenants needs for repairs. When a tenant calls requesting repairs to say a leaky faucet, Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will have a repairman on premises that same day and more than likely one of the owners will personally make the repair. What will set Real Estate Ventures, Inc. apart from other property managers will be its unique ability to bring quality properties and tenants together. The following sections address the various tactics that will contribute to this effort.
5.1 SWOT Analysis
SWOT stands for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. A SWOT analysis is a method for strategic planning that evaluates these four elements as they relate to Real Estate Ventures, Inc.’s business objectives. The following section helps demonstrate Real Estate Ventures, Inc.’s marketing strategy:
- The rental property is well located in a growing neighborhood with easy access to neighborhood schools, shopping and restaurants. Located less than 5 minutes from I-65, the commute to Nashville is less than 20 minutes.
- Real Estate Ventures, Inc. has an approved tenant in place with a security deposit. The tenant has excellent credit and payment history. The tenant is known by Real Estate Ventures, Inc. and works as a teacher at the same school as Linda Rogers.
- Upgrades to the property will be made by a reputable contractor with a 15 year history with the owners of Real Estate Ventures, Inc.. The owners of Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will paint the property themselves which will further reduce expenses.
- Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will come out of pocket in excess of $67,000 toward the house purchase and capital improvements resulting a low, loan to value (LTV) ratio of 50%.
- The owners of Real Estate Ventures, Inc. have ‘day jobs’ and thus have additional income sources and savings to draw from to support business operations.
- New entrants into real estate property management, Real Estate Ventures, Inc. has limited experience owning and managing investment income properties.
- Franklin has low vacancy levels at 6% compared to the national average of 7.9%.
- The property is located in a strong growing community and the fastest growing county in the state.
- Real Estate Ventures, Inc. has an opportunity to participate in a $1 million local real estate rental market.
- Investment real estate is economically tied – changes in unemployment, rent spikes and changes in the economy could adversely impact demand for rental units.
- Declination in the local neighborhood could impact attractiveness of rents
- Cost overruns in the construction budget and failure to complete upgrades in time could impact Real Estate Ventures, Inc.’s cash flow.
5.2 Strategy Pyramid
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will only lease solid, clean, well maintained investment properties that generate positive cash flow.
In order to meet these objectives, Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will not make the mistakes many new landlords make and perform thorough due diligence prior to purchasing any property; All perspective properties must meet the following requirements:
- Property must be clean and well maintained
- Property must be a growing community with low vacancy rates
- Rents will be priced within market range – typically between the $1,100-$1,400 range
- Property must generate positive passive income
- All tenants will be required to: Pass background and credit checks; Provide verifiable references
- Provide non-refundable application fee to cover the costs associated with these checks.
- All tenants will be required to provide a security deposit.
- Tenants will be required to make payments via EFT which will further ensure payments will be made as agreed and on time.
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will strive to be a superlative landlord as well – by responding within one hour to any tenant issues regarding repairs and maintenance during normal business hours of operation. Weekend and evening calls will be answered the following business day unless it is a life threatening emergency (such as the smell of gas, water main breaks) in which case the owners will be paged immediately and an emergency response service will be sent.
On a monthly basis, Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will change and replace air filters and monitor smoke and radon detectors.
5.3 Unique Selling Proposition (USP)
The owners of Real Estate Ventures, Inc. love what they do! And it shows in from the quality of the properties they invest in to the caliber of tenants they lease to. They thoroughly review the property and analyze the real estate market. Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will continually monitor and evaluate the local market trends. They are in this for the long term!
5.4 Competitive Edge
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. utilizes a thorough due diligence process prior to purchasing and investing in any property. By doing their homework, Real Estate Ventures, Inc. can competitively price their rents – often at or below market. Thoroughly knowing their market gives Real Estate Ventures, Inc. the competitive edge over their competitors. Further, Steve’s background in painting and his extensive connections in the construction field in the local Franklin market, gives Real Estate Ventures, Inc. the competitive edge when in it comes to knowing the quality and caliber of the local contractors. Many competitors will fall short and subcontract often to the lowest bidder with unknown track records. If a major tenant repair is required, Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will be prepared and have the ability to select the best contractor at a fair price. This in turn will keep expenses down and profit margins and return on investment on target.
5.5 Marketing Strategy and Positioning
Real Estate Ventures, Inc.’s marketing strategy incorporates a Focus Strategy – that is, it targets a specific target market. Real Estate Ventures, Inc. concentrates their marketing efforts on attracting solid, credit worthy tenants that are motivated to live in growing, thriving comminutes.
5.5.1 Positioning Statement
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is a high quality real estate investment corporation. Real Estate Ventures, Inc. carefully and methodically selects its rental properties in growing neighborhoods, with low vacancy rates. The properties are clean, well maintained and provide positive cash flow. In keeping with their its high quality standards, Real Estate Ventures, Inc.’s tenants, reflect these attributes as well and have exceptional credit scores, timely rental payment history and a strong desire to live long term with their families in a solid community. Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is committed to their properties for the long term – they do not foster a “here today gone tomorrow” mentality. Above all Real Estate Ventures, Inc.’s owners love what they do and are committed to the company for the long term.
5.5.2 Pricing Strategy
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. utilizes Competition Based Pricing – in which prices are based on the market. The company’s thorough due diligence process assures that they never buy the highest priced property or the lowest priced for that matter.
5.5.3 Promotion and Advertising Strategy
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will primarily rely on advertising in the Franklin Elementary School Online Classified Ads and Word of Mouth advertising.
As properties become available, Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will post signage in front of the property. As a last resort, Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will post classified ads with the local newspaper and Craigslist.
Real Estate Ventures, Inc.’s website features properties available to rent, the business phone number to contact for information regarding renting or who to contact for repairs. Additionally the website will have links to complete an online application and links to key articles for tenants such as the importance of obtaining sufficient renters insurance for example.
In the event that a property is available, the site will feature photos of the property along with detailed description of the property, amenities, details of the surrounding neighborhood and any concessions that are currently available.
5.5.5 Marketing Programs
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is uniquely sized to both personally own and manage its investment properties. Through their extensive contacts in the Franklin area, Real Estate Ventures, Inc. hopes to rely on Word of Mouth advertising and not be forced to allocate a large portion of their budget to advertising costs. However, in the event that a property remains vacant for 30+ days, Real Estate Ventures, Inc. has a policy in place to purchase classified advertising space in both the local newspaper and on Craigslist.
5.6 Sales Strategy
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will meet with prospects right on site. The prospects will be greeted and treated with the utmost professionalism in a relaxed and respectful environment. The first meeting is an opportunity for the owners of Real Estate Ventures, Inc. to decide on leasing to the prospective tenant. If the prospect seems disagreeable, unpleasant or makes unrealistic requests, Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will not lease the property. If however the prospect is professional, and has reasonable requests, then this meeting will be considered along with the credit report and background check in making a decision to lease.
5.6.1 Sales Forecast
The following table represents the estimated sales from the rental unit the initial three years of operations. The analysis assumes 100% leased and no escalations in rent the initial two years.
Table 5.6.1 Annual Sales Forecast
5.6.2 Sales Programs
The owners of Real Estate Ventures, Inc. personally lease their properties and do not need to pay incentives to sales agents. However, just like sales agents, the owners of Real Estate Ventures, Inc. are motivated to lease properties quickly- after all vacant properties do not generate revenue! Although the owners of Real Estate Ventures, Inc. are motivated to get tenants in quickly they will not ‘rush’ at the expense of sacrificing quality. If Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is unable to find a perspective tenant in a reasonable amount of time (approximately 30 days) then the cost of doing business are the advertising costs associated with placing classified ads with the local newspaper and Craigslist.
Clean title and zoning, will be instrumental in purchasing investment real estate. The title search and tax record search must confirm this prior to Real Estate Ventures, Inc. purchasing any property. The title search must be free of liens.
All maintenance and repairs will be performed by bonded and licensed contractors that are in good standing with the state.
Following are the Milestones Real Estate Ventures, Inc. believes will allow them to meet their objectives.
Table 5.8 Milestones
5.9 Exit Strategy
In the event the rental unit remains vacant for an extended period of time or in the event that extreme repairs and depletes all cash reserves, the secondary recourse will be to the owners. After the owners have depleted their personal reserves, the property will be sold. Proceeds will be used to satisfy obligations to creditors and any surplus will be returned to the owners.
The following section highlights ownership and future staffing expectations of Real Estate Ventures, Inc.:
6.1 Organizational Structure
Both Linda and Steve Rogers will own and manage the subject real estate. Steve Rogers will perform routine maintenance requirements and repairs. Linda Rogers will manage the daily bookkeeping requirements. She will submit payments to vendors such as trash service and recycling service, and forward the required information to Real Estate Ventures, Inc.’s certified public accountant for preparation of the annual income taxes.
6.2 Management Team
Steve Rogers will oversee the day to day maintenance of the rental unit. On a monthly basis he will replace air filters, inspect the grounds, and make notations of the overall physical condition of the property. The tenant will be put on notice for example if the yard needs to be mowed or weeds appear to be an issue. The tenant will have sufficient time to remedy the notice and will be fined daily until the issue has been resolved.
Steve has successfully owned and operated his painting business for 15+ years and is in the neighborhood on a daily basis. He will drive by the property frequently for visual inspections of the property. He is readily available in the event the tenant has any repair needs. Steve is also the author of this rental property business plan.
Linda Rogers will oversee the day to day bookkeeping needs for the rental property.
All tenants will be required to agree to EFT (electronic funds transfer) for monthly payments – which should minimize the need to collect rents.
6.3 Management Team Gaps
Real Estate Ventures, Inc. does not have an accountant or attorney on its staff. Income tax preparation and consulting services will be provided by the owner’s long term personal public accountant. Real Estate Ventures, Inc. will rely on their title company to verify clear title.
6.4 Personnel Plan
Steve and Linda Rogers will own and operate Real Estate Ventures, Inc. but draw no salary; both owners have outside incomes and will not draw salaries from the properties.
Table 6.4 Personnel Plan
Steve and Linda Rogers, owners and operators
6.5 Board of Directors
The following financial plan covers the following:
- Required Cost of Start-Up
- Profit and Loss
- Balance Sheet
- Financial Ratios
7.1 Important Assumptions
Construction Budget Real Estate Ventures, Inc. estimates a 1 month completion. Work will be performed by a contractor that is well known by the owners. The contractor is bonded, licensed and in good standing with the state.
Source of Funds The owners of Real Estate Ventures, Inc. received approximately $100,000 in inheritance and have access to liquidity to fund start up costs and meet operating shortfalls. However, they plan to invest a portion of these proceeds into additional rental income properties. Additional source of funds comes from both owners ‘day jobs’ – Steve Rogers owns his own house painting business and Linda Rogers is a math teacher at Franklin Elementary.
Profit and Loss Vacancy levels in Franklin are a low 6% and is substantially lower than the national average of 7.9%. The analysis assumes 100% occupancy over the 3 years reviewed.
7.2 Start-Up Costs
The following table represents start up costs.
Table 7.2 Start-Up Costs
7.3 Source and Use of Funds
The owners of Real Estate Ventures, Inc. received approximately $100,000 in inheritance and have access to liquidity to fund start up costs and meet operating shortfalls. However, they plan to invest a portion of these proceeds into additional rental income properties. Additional source of funds comes from both owners ‘day jobs’ – Steve Rogers owns his own house painting business and Linda Rogers is an elementary school math teacher at Franklin Elementary. The following table shows the proposed Source and Use of Funds:
Table 7.3 Source and Use of Funds
7.4 Break-Even Analysis
The rental income property is expected to generate $1,300 in monthly rent or $15,600 annually. Break even rents required are $14,020 or approximately 10.78 months of revenue. The following chart depicts break-even analysis:
Table 7.4 Break-Even Analysis
7.5.1 projected profit and loss.
The pro forma profit and loss is based on the initial 3 years associated with the subject property.
Table 7.5.1 Pro Forma Profit and Loss
7.5.2 Projected Cash Flow
The statement of cash flow shows the incoming and outgoing cash of the business.
Table 7.5.2 Pro Forma Cash Flow
7.5.3 Projected Balance Sheet
Table 7.5.3 Pro Forma Balance Sheet
7.6 Business Ratios
The business ratios are based on NAICS code 531110. The ratios demonstrate that Real Estate Ventures, Inc. is well capitalized, has a low leverage position and has good liquidity. Real Estate Ventures, Inc. compares more favorably to its industry peers primarily due to the owner’s injection in equity.
Table 7.6 Ratio Analysis
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Rental Property Business Plan
A rental property business is a great way of earning a passive income. It can help you have great finances if you go about it in the right way.
The rental property market stood at a size of 174.2 bn dollars in the US in 2021. And with the subsiding pandemic isn’t about to shrink any time soon.
Now, if you are planning to become a landlord, you might need just one thing before you start your business. A business plan.
A business plan would become a guide in your business journey. It would also make your journey a less difficult and more successful one. So, if you are ready to start your rental property business , read on to find out all about a rental property business plan.
How can a rental property business plan help you?
A rental property business plan can help you have a clear goal, a well-defined business model, and strategies that work. It can also help you navigate smoothly through roadblocks in your journey and steer clear of costly business mistakes.
Also, putting your idea on paper makes it look more real and clear. Moreover, a business plan also comes in handy while you explain your ideas to your collaborators and investors.
All in all a business plan will help you figure out your way around obstacles through rigorous analysis and strategic planning. This brings us to our next section, how to write a business plan.
Rental Property Business Plan Outline
This is the standard rental property business plan outline which will cover all important sections that you should include in your business plan.
- Business Objectives
- Mission Statement
- Guiding Principles
- Keys to Success
- Start-Up Summary
- Location and Facilities
- Products/Services Descriptions
- Competitive Comparison
- Market Size
- Industry Participants
- Main Competitors
- Market Segments
- Market Tests
- Market Needs
- Market Trends
- Market Growth
- SWOT Analysis
- Strategy Pyramid
- Unique Selling Proposition (USP)
- Competitive Edge
- Positioning Statement
- Pricing Strategy
- Promotion and Advertising Strategy
- Marketing Programs
- Sales Forecast
- Sales Programs
- Exit Strategy
- Organizational Structure
- Steve Rogers
- Linda Rogers
- Management Team Gaps
- Personnel Plan
- Important Assumptions
- Start-Up Costs
- Source and Use of Funds
- Projected Profit and Loss
- Projected Cash Flow
- Projected Balance Sheet
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After getting started with Upmetrics , you can copy this rental property business plan example into your business plan and modify the required information and download your rental property business plan pdf and doc file. It’s the fastest and easiest way to start writing your business plan.
How to write a rental property business plan?
Before writing a business plan, it is always good to ask yourself a few questions. It would surely make the process shorter and easier.
You should think about the following questions:
- What do you wish to achieve with your business?
- Who is your target audience?
- How would your business model work?
- What are your sources of funding?
- What would be your marketing strategy and so on?
All these questions would help you understand what you are getting yourself into. After that, you can start writing a business plan that focuses on all the different aspects of your business.
You can easily write such a plan either by using a premade template on the internet or through an online business plan software that’ll help you write a flexible and ever-changing plan.
What to include in a rental property business plan?
This section would give you a brief overview of the segments you can include in your business plan to make it a well-rounded one. They are as follows:
1. Executive Summary
The executive summary section contains a precise summary of all that your business stands for. If written well, it can help your business in getting funded. As it is mostly the only page an investor would read.
Professionals frequently suggest that this section should be written at the very end while writing your business plan, even if it is the first page. This helps you in summing up your business ideas properly.
2. Company Description
This section would consist of all the information about your business including its location, the services you offer, and your team.
It would also have information about your company’s history and its current position in the market. You can also include information about the projects you have worked on in the past.
3. Market Analysis
This is one of the chief sections of any business plan. It helps you understand what you are getting yourself into.
In this section, write down everything you can find out about the market. Include your target market, ways of reaching out to them, your market position, etc. Also, it is a good practice to include competitive analysis and take note of what your direct and indirect competitors are doing.
4. Marketing Strategy
While market analysis helps you in understanding the market, a marketing strategy helps you while getting into the market.
While formulating a marketing strategy, the most important thing is to have your target audience and market position in mind. Besides, keep in mind that your branding campaign should resonate with the client base you plan on serving.
5. Organization and management
This section includes information about the functioning aspects of your firm as well as about your team.
Include the roles and responsibilities of your team members as well as the progress they are making in their work.
If you write this section clearly and precisely, you’ll be able to identify the gaps you have in your team and your management system. This helps you in resolving those issues on time.
6. Financial Plan
This is one of the most crucial aspects of your business plan. More so in the rental property business. Planning your finances early on saves you from having financial troubles later on.
A financial plan section includes everything from your financial history, funding options, and requirements to projected cash flow and profits.
Download a sample rental property business plan
Need help writing your business plan from scratch? Here you go; download our free rental property business plan pdf to start.
It’s a modern business plan template specifically designed for your rental property business. Use the example business plan as a guide for writing your own.
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Rental property business plan summary
In conclusion, a good business plan can help you have good finances, a proper marketing strategy, a well-managed company and team as well as clear business goals.
Especially, in the rental property business, planning the flow and structure of your business as well as your finances can take you a long way.
A rental property business depends highly upon well-managed finances and strategies. Planning your business is necessary to make it a good source of passive or primary income.
Moreover, it also makes the process of carrying out your business easier and smoother. So, if you are ready to start your rental property business, go ahead and start planning.
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Rental Properties Business Plan Template [Updated 2023]
Rental Properties Business Plan Template
If you want to start a Rental Property business or expand your current Rental Property business, you need a business plan.
The following Rental Property business plan template gives you the key elements to include in a winning Rental Properties business plan.
You can download our Business Plan Template (including a full, customizable financial model) to your computer here.
Rental Property Business Plan Example
Below are the key sections of a successful rental property business plan. Once you create your plan, download it to PDF to show banks and investors.
I. Executive Summary
[Company Name] is a rental property agency in [location name] that specializes in managing, renting and leasing properties. [Company Name] rents homes in dozens of markets across the country and has an online platform that allows customers to search by their specific criteria (number of bedrooms, region, amenities, etc.) to find a property that’s right for them in their preferred location.
Products Served/Service offering
The Company offers a variety of rental properties, listed below:
- 1-3 bedroom apartments
- Single family homes
- Multi-unit buildings
- Short-term rentals
- Rental of mobile homes or trailers
[Company Name] will primarily provide its offerings to local renters, students and local professionals. The demographics of the customers are given as below:
- First time renters-29%
- Young adults-21%
- Perma – renters-16%
- Middle income boomers-11%
[Company Name] is led by [Founder’s name], who has been in the rental property industry for [x] years. During his extensive experience in the rental property industry, he [founder] acquired an in-depth knowledge of the local area, local regulations, facilities, and the characteristics of different neighborhoods. He also holds rich experience in handling business management activities (i.e., staffing, marketing, etc.).
[Company Name] is qualified to succeed due to the following reasons:
- There is currently a high demand for rental property services in the community. In addition, the company surveyed the local population and received highly positive feedback pointing towards an explicit demand for the products, supporting the business after launch.
- The Company’s online marketplace offers a high-volume traffic area and will thus be highly convenient to a significant number of residents living anywhere.
- The management team has a track record of success in the rental property business.
- The rental property business has proven to be a successful industry in the United States.
[Company Name] is currently seeking $370,000 to launch its rental property business. Specifically, these funds will be used as follows:
- Website design/build and startup business expenses: $120,000
- Working capital: $250,000 to pay for marketing, salaries, and lease costs until [Company Name] reaches break-even
II. Company Overview
Who is [company name].
[Company Name], located in [insert location here], is a rental property agency focusing on providing short-term and long-term rentals, as well as leased properties to the local community. [Company Name’s] rental properties have a clean and modern appearance that appeals to the current renter’s market. The [Company]’s properties will be fully furnished and include high-end technology and modern accessories.
[Company Name] is owned by [Founder’s Name]. While [Founder’s Name] has been in the rental property industry for some time, it was in [month, date] that he decided to launch [Company Name]. He evaluates that the growing number of students, working professionals, and overseas relocations create a need and expects growth in the country’s rental property market.
[Company Name]’s History
Upon surveying the local customer base and finding the potential retail location, [Founder’s Name] incorporated [Company Name] as an S-Corporation on [date of incorporation].
[Founder’s Name] has selected an initial office location and is currently undergoing due diligence on each property and the local market to assess the most desirable location for additional offices.
[Company’s Name] operations are currently being run out of [Founder’s Name] home office.
Since incorporation, the company has achieved the following milestones:
- Developed the company’s name, logo, and website
- Determined rent/leasing and financing requirements
- Began recruiting key employees with experience in the rental homes/apartment industry
[Company Name]’s Products
Iii. industry analysis.
You can download our Rental Property Business Plan Template (including a full, customizable financial model) to your computer here. The market size of the rental property industry in the US increased immensely, and the market size, measured by revenue, of the rental property industry, is $174.2 billion. Rental income units are an increasingly important part of the US housing market. The return on expenditure in the property market is much better than in many economic sectors.
With tenant demand in the US increasing last year, this is thought to be related to tenants looking to downsize or move further out to save money. Most rental housing in the US is developed, financed, and owned by a diverse group of private, for-profit companies.
As the economy of the US began to grow and demand for rental apartments rose, industry revenue grew at a rapid pace, hence opening vast opportunities for rental property companies.
Another obvious trend that is common with rental property companies in the US is that most of them are improvising on more means of making money in the apartment rental industry; they are also acting as property developers and home staging agents, amongst other things.
IV. Customer Analysis
Demographic profile of target market.
[Company Name’s] target market include people of all demographics. The market [Company Name] serves is value-conscious and desires high comfort and basic amenities geared towards families, students, and the working population.
The Company will primarily target the following three customer segments:
- High-Income Individuals: The Company will attract individuals with higher incomes who are looking for a rental property with modern furnishings and technology.
- Families: The Company will attract families looking for turn-key properties that are furnished and offer an array of amenities to suit their busy family life.
- Working Professionals: [Company name] is located along a well-traveled commute route, by offering a smart property to working professionals with walking distance (not more than 10 minutes) to a means of transport.
V. Competitive Analysis
Direct & indirect competitors.
Leasing Inc Leasing Inc is a marketplace to find rental homes in the country. It originally started more than a century ago as a networking tool for real estate agents, but today it is a fully searchable online database of homes for both sale and rent. Leasing Inc offers an ideal rental property with different amenities that can best suit the customer’s requirements. Leasing Inc’s properties are well furnished with all modern accessories.
Rental Barn Rental Barn is the most visited real estate website in the United States. Rental Barn and its affiliates offer customers an on-demand experience for selling, buying, renting, and financing with transparency and nearly seamless end-to-end service. The Company provides multiple rental apartments according to the customer’s needs and requirements.
Homewood Properties Homewood Properties is a leading digital marketing solutions company that empowers millions nationwide to find apartments and houses for rent. Customers can click on the items that are important to them, from hardwood floors to walk-in closets, and select the property which they are looking for according to their needs.
[Company Name] enjoys several advantages over its competitors. These advantages include:
- Client-oriented service: [Company Name] will have a full-time sales manager to stay in contact with clients and answer their everyday questions. [Founder’s Name] realizes the importance of accessibility to his clients and will further keep in touch with his clients through newsletters.
- Robust clientele base: Another possible competitive strategy for winning the competitors in this particular industry is to build a robust clientele base and ensure that the company’s properties are top-notch and trendy. The Company is well-positioned, key members of its team are highly competent, and can favorably compete with some of the best players in the industry.
- Management: The Company’s management team has X years of business and marketing experience that allows them to market and serve customers in an improved and sophisticated manner than the competitors.
- Relationships: Having lived in the community for xx years, [Founder’s Name] knows all leaders, newspapers, and other influencers, including the local leaders who fought the [Competitor] opening xx years ago. It will be relatively easy for the company to build branding and awareness of the rental property industry.
VI. Marketing Plan
The [company name] brand.
The [Company Name] brand will focus on the company’s unique value proposition:
- Offering homes/apartments for rent suited for families, students, working professionals, landowners, foreign investors, and international migrants.
- Offering a diverse range of rental homes in a prime location.
- Providing excellent customer service.
[Company Name] expects its target market to be students, international migrants, the working population, families mainly from surrounding locations in the [Location]. The Company’s promotions strategy to reach these individuals includes:
Phone Prospecting [Company Name] will assign salespeople to contact and work with clients to help them buy, sell or rent real estate properties. Salespeople will use their in-depth knowledge of the real estate market to help clients find rental properties and execute all the required formalities.
Advertisement Advertisements in print publications like newspapers, magazines, etc., are an excellent way for businesses to connect with their audience. The Company will advertise its offerings in popular magazines and news dailies. Obtaining relevant placements in industry magazines and journals will also help in increasing brand visibility.
Public Relations [Company Name] will hire an experienced PR agency/professional(s) to formulate a compelling PR campaign to boost its brand visibility among the target audience. It will look to garner stories about the company and its offerings in various media outlets like newspapers, podcasts, television stations, radio shows, etc.
Referrals [Company name] understands that the best promotion comes from satisfied customers. The Company will encourage its clients to refer other businesses by providing economic or financial incentives for every new client produced. This strategy will increase effectiveness after the business has already been established. Additionally, [company name] will aggressively network with useful sources such as home contractors, real estate development companies, and businesses. This network will generate qualified referral leads.
Social Media Marketing Social media is one of the most cost-effective and practical marketing methods for improving brand visibility. The Company will use social media to develop engaging content that will increase audience awareness and loyalty. Engaging with prospective clients and business partners on social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and LinkedIn will also help understand the changing customer needs.
Part of the [Company Name’s] business strategy is to ensure that it will work within the budget of its clients to deliver excellent properties. The real estate industry fluctuates and therefore, rental prices, for the most part, are usually out of a company’s control. However, the company will market their properties at a competitive rate to ensure they do no have vacant properties. They will also keep a tight control on costs in order to maximize profits.
VII. Operations Plan
To execute on [Company Name]’s business model, the company needs to perform many functions, including the following:
- General & administrative functions including legal, marketing, bookkeeping, etc.
- Hiring and training staff
Service and Operations Functions
- Rental property maintenance
- Website maintenance, updates, and bug-fixing
- Ongoing search engine optimization
VIII. Management Team
Management team members.
[Company Name] is led by [Founder’s Name], who has been in the rental property business for xx years. He has worked in the industry most recently as a [Position Name] and has held various different positions in the management chain over the last xx years. As such, [Founder] has an in-depth knowledge of the rental property business, including operations and business management.
[Founder] has also worked as a real estate consultant on a part-time basis over the past xx years.
[Founder] graduated from the University of ABC and has done Master of Professional Studies in Real Estate.
[Founder] will serve as the [Position Name]. In order to introduce the rental property business, the company needs to hire the following personnel:
- Real estate agent (should have real estate sales experience in residential and commercial property)
- Property Manager
- Marketing and Sales Executive
- Part-Time Bookkeeper (will manage accounts payable, create statements, and execute other administrative functions)
- Customer Service Manager
IX. Financial Plan
Revenue and cost drivers.
[Company Name]’s revenue will come from the renting properties. The major costs for the company will be staff salaries and property maintenance. In the initial years, the company’s marketing spend will be high to establish itself in the market.
Capital Requirements and Use of Funds
[Company Name] is currently seeking $370,000 to launch its rental property business. The capital will be used for funding capital expenditures, workforce costs, marketing expenses, and working capital. Specifically, these funds will be used as follows:
5 Year Annual Income Statement
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Rental Properties Business Plan Template
Written by Dave Lavinsky
Rental Property Business Plan
Over the past 20+ years, we have helped over 10,000 entrepreneurs and business owners create business plans to start and grow their rental property business. On this page, we will first give you some background information with regards to the importance of business planning. We will then go through a rental property business plan template step-by-step so you can create your plan today.
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What Is a Business Plan?
A business plan provides a snapshot of your rental property business as it stands today, and lays out your growth plan for the next five years. It explains your business goals and your strategy for reaching them. It also includes market research to support your plans.
Why You Need a Business Plan
If you’re looking to purchase a rental property, multiple rental properties, or add to your existing rental properties business, you need a business plan. A business plan will help you raise funding, if needed, and plan out the growth of your rental property business in order to improve your chances of success. Your rental property business plan is a living document that should be updated annually as your company grows and changes.
Sources of Funding for Rental Property Companies
With regards to funding, the main sources of funding for rental properties are personal savings, credit cards, mortgages, and angel investors. With regards to bank loans, banks will want to review your business plan and gain confidence that you will be able to repay your loan and interest. To acquire this confidence, the loan officer will not only want to confirm that your financials are reasonable. But they will want to see a professional plan. Such a plan will give them the confidence that you can successfully and professionally operate a business.
The second most common form of funding for a rental property is angel investors. Angel investors are wealthy individuals who will write you a check. They will either take equity in return for their funding, or, like a bank, they will give you a loan. Venture capitalists will not fund a rental property company. They might consider funding a rental property company with a national presence, but never an individual location. This is because most venture capitalists are looking for millions of dollars in return when they make an investment, and an individual location could never achieve such results.
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How to write a business plan for a rental property company.
Your business plan should include 10 sections as follows:
Your executive summary provides an introduction to your business plan, but it is normally the last section you write because it provides a summary of each key section of your plan.
The goal of your Executive Summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the type of rental property you are operating and the status; for example, are you a startup, or do you have a portfolio of existing rental properties that you would like to add to?
Next, provide an overview of each of the subsequent sections of your plan. For example, give a brief overview of the rental properties industry. Discuss the type of rental property you are offering. Detail your direct competitors. Give an overview of your target customers. Provide a snapshot of your marketing plan. Identify the key members of your team. And offer an overview of your financial plan.
In your company analysis, you will detail the type of rental properties you are offering.
For example, you might offer the following options:
- Single family homes – This type of rental property is often owned by a single individual, rather than a company, who acts as both landlord and property manager.
- Multi-family properties – These types of properties can be subcategorized by the number of units per site. Buildings with 2 – 4 units are the most common (17.5%), while multistory apartment complexes with more than 50 units represent the next-largest, at 12.6% of the industry.
- Short-Term Rental properties – These are fully furnished properties that are rented for a short period of time – usually on a weekly basis for vacation purposes.
In addition to explaining the type of rental property you operate, the Company Analysis section of your business plan needs to provide background on the business.
Include answers to question such as:
- When and why did you start the business?
- What milestones have you achieved to date? Milestones could include occupancy goals you’ve reached, number of property acquisitions, etc.
- Your legal structure. Are you incorporated as an S-Corp? An LLC? A sole proprietorship? Explain your legal structure here.
In your industry analysis, you need to provide an overview of the rental properties industry.
While this may seem unnecessary, it serves multiple purposes.
First, researching the rental property industry educates you. It helps you understand the market in which you are operating.
Secondly, market research can improve your strategy, particularly if your research identifies market trends.
The third reason for market research is to prove to readers that you are an expert in your industry. By conducting the research and presenting it in your plan, you achieve just that.
The following questions should be answered in the industry analysis section of your rental property business plan:
- How big is the rental properties industry (in dollars)?
- Is the market declining or increasing?
- Who are the key competitors in the market?
- Who are the key suppliers in the market?
- What trends are affecting the industry?
- What is the industry’s growth forecast over the next 5 – 10 years?
- What is the relevant market size? That is, how big is the potential market for your rental property. You can extrapolate such a figure by assessing the size of the market in the entire country and then applying that figure to your local population or tourist arrivals.
The customer analysis section of your rental property business plan must detail the customers you serve and/or expect to serve.
The following are examples of customer segments: households, tourists, etc.
As you can imagine, the customer segment(s) you choose will have a great impact on the type of rental property you offer. Clearly, vacationers would want different amenities and services, and would respond to different marketing promotions than long-term tenants.
Try to break out your target customers in terms of their demographic and psychographic profiles. With regards to demographics, include a discussion of the ages, genders, locations and income levels of the customers you seek to serve.
Psychographic profiles explain the wants and needs of your target customers. The more you can understand and define these needs, the better you will do in attracting and retaining your customers.
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Your competitive analysis should identify the indirect and direct competitors your business faces and then focus on the latter.
Direct competitors are other rental property companies.
Indirect competitors are other options customers may use that aren’t direct competitors. This includes the housing market, or hotels. You need to mention such competition to show you understand that not everyone who needs housing or accommodation will seek out a rental property.
With regards to direct competition, you want to detail the other rental properties with which you compete. Most likely, your direct competitors will be rental properties in the vicinity.
For each such competitor, provide an overview of their businesses and document their strengths and weaknesses. Unless you once worked at your competitors’ businesses, it will be impossible to know everything about them. But you should be able to find out key things about them such as:
- What types of customers do they serve?
- What lease lengths or amenities do they offer?
- What is their pricing (premium, low, etc.)?
- What are they good at?
- What are their weaknesses?
With regards to the last two questions, think about your answers from the customers’ perspective. And don’t be afraid to ask your competitors’ customers what they like most and least about them.
The final part of your competitive analysis section is to document your areas of competitive advantage. For example:
- Will you provide superior properties?
- Will you provide services that your competitors don’t offer?
- Will you make it easier or faster for customers to book the property or submit a lease application?
- Will you provide better customer service?
- Will you offer better pricing?
Think about ways you will outperform your competition and document them in this section of your plan.
Traditionally, a marketing plan includes the four P’s: Product, Price, Place, and Promotion. For a rental property business plan, your marketing plan should include the following:
Product : in the product section you should reiterate the type of rental property business that you documented in your Company Analysis. Then, detail the specific options you will be offering. For example, in addition to long-term tenancy, are you offering month-to-month, or short-term rental?
Price : Document the prices you will offer and how they compare to your competitors. Essentially in the product and price sub-sections of your marketing plan, you are presenting the properties and term options you offer and their prices.
Place : Place refers to the location of your rental property. Document your location and mention how the location will impact your success. For example, is your rental property located in a tourist destination, or in an urban area, etc. Discuss how your location might draw customer interest.
Promotions : the final part of your rental property marketing plan is the promotions section. Here you will document how you will drive customers to your location(s). The following are some promotional methods you might consider:
- Advertising in local papers and magazines
- Reaching out to local websites
- Social media marketing
- Local radio advertising
While the earlier sections of your business plan explained your goals, your operations plan describes how you will meet them. Your operations plan should have two distinct sections as follows.
Everyday short-term processes include all of the tasks involved in running your rental property business, such as customer service, maintenance, processing applications, etc.
Long-term goals are the milestones you hope to achieve. These could include the dates when you expect 100% occupancy, or when you hope to reach $X in sales. It could also be when you expect to acquire a new property.
To demonstrate your rental property business’ ability to succeed as a business, a strong management team is essential. Highlight your key players’ backgrounds, emphasizing those skills and experiences that prove their ability to grow a company.
Ideally you and/or your team members have direct experience in rental property management. If so, highlight this experience and expertise. But also highlight any experience that you think will help your business succeed.
If your team is lacking, consider assembling an advisory board. An advisory board would include 2 to 8 individuals who would act like mentors to your business. They would help answer questions and provide strategic guidance. If needed, look for advisory board members with experience in real estate, and/or successfully running small businesses.
Your financial plan should include your 5-year financial statement broken out both monthly or quarterly for the first year and then annually. Your financial statements include your income statement, balance sheet and cash flow statements.
An income statement is more commonly called a Profit and Loss statement or P&L. It shows your revenues and then subtracts your costs to show whether you turned a profit or not.
In developing your income statement, you need to devise assumptions. For example, will you have 1 rental unit or 10? And will revenue grow by 2% or 10% per year? As you can imagine, your choice of assumptions will greatly impact the financial forecasts for your business. As much as possible, conduct research to try to root your assumptions in reality.
Balance sheets show your assets and liabilities. While balance sheets can include much information, try to simplify them to the key items you need to know about. For instance, if you spend $200,000 on purchasing and renovating your rental property, this will not give you immediate profits. Rather it is an asset that will hopefully help you generate profits for years to come. Likewise, if a bank writes you a check for $200,000, you don’t need to pay it back immediately. Rather, that is a liability you will pay back over time.
Cash Flow Statement
Your cash flow statement will help determine how much money you need to start or grow your business, and make sure you never run out of money. What most entrepreneurs and business owners don’t realize is that you can turn a profit but run out of money and go bankrupt.
In developing your Income Statement and Balance Sheets be sure to include several of the key costs needed in starting or growing a rental property business:
- Location build-out including design fees, construction, etc.
- Cost of equipment like computers, software, etc.
- Payroll or salaries paid to staff
- Business insurance
- Taxes and permits
- Legal expenses
Attach your full financial projections in the appendix of your plan along with any supporting documents that make your plan more compelling. For example, you might include your property blueprint or map.
Putting together a business plan for your rental properties company is a worthwhile endeavor. If you follow the template above, by the time you are done, you will truly be an expert. You will really understand the rental property industry, your competition and your customers. You will have developed a marketing plan and will really understand what it takes to launch and grow a successful rental properties business.
Rental Properties Business Plan FAQs
What is the easiest way to complete my rental properties business plan.
Growthink's Ultimate Business Plan Template allows you to quickly and easily complete your Rental Properties Business Plan.
What is the Goal of a Business Plan's Executive Summary?
The goal of your Executive Summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the type of rental property business you are operating and the status; for example, are you a startup, do you have a rental properties business that you would like to grow, or are you operating multiple rental property businesses.
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How To Start A Rental Property Business Like A Pro
What is a rental property business?
Starting a rental property business
Writing a business plan
Is a rental property business a good investment?
As Antoine de Saint-Exupery once said, “A goal without a plan is just a wish.” Consequently, the best plans have developed a reputation for helping people in every industry realize their own goals, no matter how lofty they may be. There literally isn’t a single professional who couldn’t benefit more from a well-crafted strategy, and real estate investors are no exception. When learning how to start a rental property business , buy-and-hold investors in particular stand to improve their long term outlook by establishing a rental property business plan.
A proven rental property business plan can help layout the systems and benchmarks investors need to realize success at a higher level. That said, only one question remains: what does a rental property business plan look like?
If you are interested in starting a rental property business, there are several valuable lessons to take away from experience. Meanwhile, here’s a guide for developing a bullet-proof rental property business plan; it may be just what you have been waiting for.
On the FortuneBuilders Real Estate Investing Show , join our host, Jeffrey Rutkowski, as he talks to Gregg Cohen, the Co-Founder of JWB Real Estate Capital, on the subject of passive income and rental properties. Listen to the podcast here:
What Is A Rental Property Business?
A rental property business is a venture through which an investor will purchase and manage one or more income-producing properties. These properties can have one or more units leased out to tenants in exchange for monthly rental fees. Investors can have an effective rental plan without directly managing these properties; property management companies can be hired to carry out the duties often associated with landlords, such as rent collection and maintenance.
Is My Rental Property A Business?
Renting a house may be considered a business endeavor, depending on who you ask. This may seem like a controversial question, and there are at least two answers to consider. From a financial standpoint, renting a residential property may result in passive income. It is important to note that investors do not have to pay self-employment taxes when reporting their rental properties. Therefore, many would argue that owning a rental property is not considered a “business,” specifically in the lens of tax filing. However, from a career standpoint, many individuals live on passive income derived from their rental property companies; in this lens, renting a house can be considered a business. It’s entirely possible to manage a rental property portfolio as a business. Still, those with a single rental property may not need to start a company to collect passive income. It’s only once the portfolio starts to grow that turning the practice of renting into a business becomes more important.
How To Start A Rental Property Business
Learning how to start a rental property business isn’t all that different from just about every other entrepreneurial endeavor. Investors need to identify several key elements before getting started; that way, they can start their business on a solid foundation. Here are some of the most important steps to consider when drafting a rental property business plan and becoming a real estate entrepreneur:
Join a local REI club and start networking
Pick a niche and choose your rental property market
Figure out the proper financing and secure it
Conduct the appropriate research and hire a manager
Implement systems to improve efficiency
Manage the properties and scale the business at a sustainable pace
1. Join A Real Estate Investor Club
Joining a local real estate investing club or association provides networking opportunities, not the least of which may actually help rental property investors find a partner—or perhaps anyone else who may help them further their rental property business plan. Nathan Hughes at DiggityMarketing suggests that “investors need to identify various factors before entering the rental property business. Investors should join some real estate investors clubs as a beginner”. There’s absolutely no reason to think new investors, specifically aspiring rental property owners, can’t find a helpful hand at a real estate investor club. These types of meet-ups are specifically designed to help their attendees, and there’s always someone willing to lend a hand. At the very least, investors will gain insight into local professionals who are most likely already doing the one thing they want to do.
2. Pick A Niche & Choose A Market
Determining where to invest can often be more important to investors than how much capital or experience they bring to the table. After all, the golden rule of real estate persists: location, location, location. There is perhaps no more influential factor to a rental property investor’s success than the location in which they choose to invest. The location will determine everything from demand and price, not to mention the property’s long-term potential. Therefore, a truly great rental property business plan will want to make sure it answers these questions and many more like them:
How distant a market am I willing to invest in?
Do I have a team in place to handle the day-to-day, or will I have to commute back-and-forth?
How much will commute and market research cost me?
How stable and diverse is the economy in a market? Are there various business sectors that can help keep jobs and businesses? Is there one main employer?
What’s the average market price for property acquisition?
What’s the average rental price?
No rule says investors need to live in the markets they invest in, but there is no excuse for neglecting to mind due diligence and research the local housing market. To invest successfully, investors need to know every detail about a specific area, not to mention the specific niche they intend to serve.
Jordon Scrinko, the Founder & Marketing Director of Precondo states that “Investors’ decisions on where to invest are frequently more significant than their capital or experience. After all, when it comes to real estate, location is the most important. The area in which a rental property owner chooses to invest is possibly the most important aspect in determining their success”.
If for nothing else, investors need to know their renters just as much as the area they are investing in. Picking a niche, not unlike focusing on college housing or single-family homes, is the easiest way to target a specific audience. Therefore, at this time, rental property investors should decide who they will serve; only then will they be able to tailor their rental property business plan to see their audience’s needs.
3. Figure Out Financing
Securing financing is probably the biggest hurdle rental property investors face. However, financing a real estate deal isn’t nearly as hard as many new investors make it out to be. As it turns out, there are countless lenders just waiting for an opportunity to give savvy investors the money they need to invest in real estate. Like institutionalized banks, today’s real estate investors have access to more funding sources outside of traditional sources than ever before. Private money lenders and hard money lenders, in particular, have become synonymous with the best ways to secure funding and are as willing to work with investors as investors are eager to work with lenders.
These “alternative” sources tend to coincide with higher interest payments (often three to four times higher than traditional banks), but the added cost is well worth it. In exchange for their higher rates, investors not only receive the money they need to complete a deal, but they also receive it a lot faster than they would if they went through a bank. Whereas banks can take upwards of a few months to distribute funds, alternative lenders can have the money in investors’ hands in as little as a few days—if not hours.
It is also important to note that securing financing should be done before even looking for a home. That way, the investor will know exactly how much home they can afford and which investments are worth pursuing further.
4. Conduct Research & Hire A Property Manager
Becoming a landlord means investors will be responsible for maintaining the appearance and function of the rental property. However, whether or not the investor is a handyman is a moot point, as hiring a property manager is highly recommended. While it helps to know everything about a subject property, enlisting a third-party property manager’s services is an essential step in a rental property business plan. Through their help, investors may expand their portfolio without adding on countless hours of work. If for nothing else, a property manager will take care of everything. From finding tenants to collecting rent, property managers will see to it that everything is covered. Meanwhile, the investor is free to add more assets to their portfolio and increase their passive income cash flow.
There are many rental plan options for landlords, such as specializing in low-income neighborhoods or university towns. Alternatively, they can choose to specialize in higher-income, urban neighborhoods. Different strategies require different skill sets, so landlords may find better success if they pick a niche in which they specialize. However, landlords will need to set up a system for running applications, credit, and background checks regardless of the niche. Adding proven systems to a rental property business plan is the surest way to make success habitual. Therefore, investors will need to create a system for every single process associated with rental property investing. That way, there will always be an appropriate course of action, regardless of the situation. Property managers, for that matter, make it a lot easier to implement systems.
6. Manage The Properties
Managing a rental property is about far more than just hiring a property manager; it’s about figuring out exactly what systems will be put in place to keep the properties in good shape and the cash flowing in. This means answering queries like:
Are you going to be a landlord? (Or will you hire a property manager?)
Who will find and select tenants?
Will you perform repairs to maintain the property? (Or hire a contractor?)
Who will perform yard maintenance and other duties?
Your answers will depend on your budget and available time. The key is to use your rental property business plan to map out all management systems beforehand and ensure no last-minute surprises.
Why Write A Business Plan
A well-crafted business plan will help in more ways than one as you learn to navigate the real estate industry. You can establish a clear framework of your goals and overall mission by writing a business plan. It should also include the reason why you want to start investing. This will ensure you remain focused as you make investment decisions and eventually grow your business. Think of a business plan as a roadmap for your future.
A business plan is also highly useful when speaking to potential lenders, designing marketing campaigns, and hiring new employees. These tasks will be made easier if you have a clear outline of what your business does (and how). For example, when you begin raising funds for your first deal, you will likely need to present your business goals to potential investors. A business plan can help take the pressure off — as the information will already be written down. If you are even slightly considering opening a rental real estate business, learning how to write a business plan is a great first step.
How To Write A Rental Property Business Plan
Starting a rental property business is one thing, but learning how to write a rental property business plan is entirely different. While the two sound similar, the latter is critical to making the former even stronger. At the very least, knowing how to start a rental property business must come before actually starting one. As a result, investors will need to familiarize themselves with the most important steps first:
Determine a vision and write a mission statement
Set passive income and business goals
Build a team structure that is conducive to success
Gain a high-level overview perspective of the company as a whole
Develop marketing systems and funnels tailored to a specific audience
1. Vision & Mission
A truly great rental property business plan must emphasize one thing above everything else: the investor’s vision or mission. What an investor hopes to achieve by investing in real estate may simultaneously serve as motivation and a guide when times are less than ideal. Therefore, investors must take a minute to think about why they are investing. Is it to retire comfortably? Is it to spend more time with family and friends? Is it both of these things? Knowing their “why” will help investors build out a sound business strategy, one that gets them closer to their goals with every investment. Consequently, those without a mission won’t know what direction to head, which doesn’t bode well for any rental property business.
2. Passive Income Goals
While closely related to one’s own vision or mission, passive income goals identify how much cash flow will be necessary to satiate investors’ appetites. That said, passive income goals should help investors meet their own mission statement. Likewise, if an investor wants to retire comfortably, they will need to set their passive income goals high enough to facilitate their desired retirement. While everyone’s passive income goals will be different, a general rule of thumb accounts for how much cash flow will be necessary to maintain their preferred lifestyle.
Remember, goals should be realistic and directly related to the reason someone wants to invest. Seeing overly ambitious goals can deter many investors from progressing, so the goals must be achievable. The sense of accomplishment developed from realizing a goal is, oftentimes, a powerful motivator.
Determining passive income goals will also help answer the most important question of them all: what type of rental property will I focus on? Residential? Commercial? Multi-family? Start from the end and work backward for better results; it’s the best and most efficient way to build a business.
Starting a rental property business may lead many investors to hire a team. After all, it’s true what they say: many hands make light work. The more qualified individuals investors have worked towards a common goal, the more likely they are to realize success. Not only that but hiring a competent real estate team is simply one more step towards investors removing themselves from the equation and earning more passive income. That said, it’s not enough to hire just anyone; the employees need to bring something new to the table. Investors need to hire a team that complements their skills—not that replicates them. That way, the team structure is more well-rounded and capable of accomplishing more tasks.
4. High-Level Overview
Investors need to look beyond the prospects of a single investment property and towards the potential of an entire portfolio. While a single home can produce encouraging cash flow levels, an entire portfolio can help investors realize financial freedom. Therefore, it’s important not to forget the “bigger picture.” Sure, start with a single home, but plans should inherently be scalable. When writing a rental property business plan, see that everything can be expanded to include future growth.
Buying a rental property is just the first step on a passive income investing journey. At some point, investors need to figure out how to find tenants to bring in cash flow. More often than not, investors will rely on their property managers to fill vacancies. However, in the event an investor neglects to hire a property manager, there are various ways to find tenants, not the least of which include:
Local bulletin boards
Direct mail campaigns
Is A Rental Property Business A Good Investment?
Investors will know if a rental property is a good investment if their net cash flow remains consistently positive. Seasoned real estate investors know that to have a solid rental plan and business, they must first mind their due diligence and ensure that a rental property is indeed a good investment. There are several measurements available to help investors get an idea of the profit-making potential for a property. Make use of 10 real estate calculators that are helpful for any type of real estate investor.
Features of Successful Rental Properties
You don’t have to reinvent the wheel to be successful. Many successful rental properties can serve as a model for your business. Here are some distinct features of profitable rental properties:
Location: Real estate is always about location. The location of your rental property will be a major determinant of the type of tenants you will attract. For example, if you purchase a rental property at the edge of a university, you’ll naturally get applications from many college students. Consider the neighborhood and how it could influence your tenant profile, behavior, income, and vacancies.
Taxes: The location will also influence the property taxes that you end up paying. High property taxes may be well-worth it if your property is located in a great area that attracts high-paying tenants. However, property taxes could be a burden if your financials don’t make sense. Find out your property tax rate by contacting the local assessor’s office.
Schools: The ratings of local schools will help indicate what type of tenants you’ll attract. Rental properties near distinguished school systems will help draw in families willing to pay higher rental rates.
Safety: No one wants to walk home while constantly checking over their shoulder, or living in fear that their car will get broken into. Check local crime statistics and pay attention to trends. A reg flag could be a stead increase in criminal activity, even if it’s in a neighborhood that was known to be safe in the past.
Employment: A hot job market can help draw in larger groups of tenants, thus creating a healthy demand for your property. This could bring in benefits such as higher rental rates and lower vacancy rates. Growing employment opportunities can also boost your local economy and local amenities.
Local amenities: Tenants are constantly looking to balance rental rates with quality and easy of life. If your rental property is located near public transit systems, shopping, restaurants, gyms, and entertainment, you may find yourself having to field competitive offers from many tenants.
Economy: The local economy and horizon of industrial developments can also be a good indicator of rental property performance in a given area. The resulting improvement of local infrastructure could vastly improve the neighborhood and tenant pool. However, watch out for noisy construction that could hurt rental rates temporarily, plus new housing developments that could put a strain in competition.
Rental rates: Be sure to research a local neighborhoods average rental rate. This number can help you conduct a financial analysis to determine whether owning a rental property in the area would be feasible. Be sure to factor in costs such as property taxes, maintenance, repairs, and mortgage payments.
Vacancy rates: If you notice that the neighborhood has an abnormally high number of listings, it could signal that demand is low and vacancy rates are up. You may not want to invest in an area that is on the decline.
How To Determine Rent
Rent can typically be determined by analyzing other properties in the area. Start by reviewing the average rental rates, and then look at similar units to see what they go for. Pay attention to properties with the same number of bedrooms, bathrooms, and amenities. This will give the best idea of what you can charge.
Another approach is to take your monthly loan repayment as a baseline, and raise the rate to cover maintenance and repairs. Maintenance costs can vary significantly, so again pay attention to the typical market. If your rental property is in a college town, you may want extra room for maintenance. However, if you already know you are renting to a tenant you know you may be able to leave less room for repairs.
The final number should stay in the range of other properties in the area. However, they may be some wiggle room to decide exactly where to land for your own property. Just remember: charge too much and you risk vacancies, charge too little and you lose out on valuable income. If you want to learn more about determining rent , be sure to read our guide.
Confidence isn’t simply a positive mood based on affirmations and “feel-good” mantras. Confidence, according to Webster’s Dictionary, is the “state of feeling certain about something.” As you learn how to start a rental property business , there may be no greater confidence-booster than a business plan that comes to fruition. By mapping out your precise goals—and the systems you’ll employ to achieve them—you’ll find wealth-building objectives more attainable than you ever thought possible.
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Starting and growing a real estate portfolio the right way, how to start a real estate business in 10 steps [updated 2023], investor's guide to the real estate contingency contract.
Housing Rental Business Plans
Did you know each of these plans was created in LivePlan? Learn More
Real Estate Management Business Plan
MSN Real Estate is an Oregon-based real estate company that will offer benchmarked rental units for the Eugene, Oregon community.
Rental Remodeling Business Plan
Victorian Renovations are contractors who buy, restore, and then rent out turn-of-the-20th-Century houses.
Airbnb Business Plan
The Tracktown Townhome is a Eugene based Airbnb rental that offers a comfortable stay and exposure to the rich track and field history of the area.
The housing market is more competitive than ever. Rental prices are rising and the availability is fairly limited. There’s a need for customers to find rentals and even for current housing to be updated and remodeled.
If you have experience managing properties or working as a contractor, now is a great time to open a rental business. Download one of our sample housing rental business plans today and get started on your own plan.
If you’re looking to develop a more modern business plan, we recommend you try LivePlan . It contains the same templates and information you see here, but with additional guidance to help you develop the perfect plan.
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Rental Properties Business Plan Template
Rental properties business plan.
You’ve come to the right place to create your Rental Properties business plan.
We have helped over 1,000 entrepreneurs and business owners create business plans and many have used them to start or grow their rental property business.
Rental Property Business Plan Example
Below is a template to help you create each section of your Rental Properties business plan.
Noble Properties is a rental property agency in Seattle, Washington, that specializes in managing, renting, and leasing properties. Our mission is to provide luxury rentals that tenants can call home for years to come. Noble Properties rents out hundreds of homes across the Seattle area, including apartments, single-family homes, and trailers. To help prospective tenants find the perfect home, the company has created an online platform that allows them to search by their specific criteria (number of bedrooms, amenities, rent, etc.). We aim to be one of the most popular rental agencies in the area that customers can depend on again and again for their housing needs.
Noble Properties is founded and run by Joseph Pierce. He has worked in the industry for decades and has extensive knowledge of all aspects of the business. He will be in charge of most of the operations but will hire other staff to help with marketing, accounting, and managing the rentals.
Noble Properties offers a variety of rental properties for prospective tenants to choose from. Some of the options we provide include:
- 1-3 bedroom apartments
- Single-family homes
- Multi-unit buildings
- Short-term rentals
- Mobile homes or trailers
Noble Properties will target renters located throughout the Seattle area. Most renters are under the age of 40 and earn about the median income. This means that we will primarily market to younger demographics and those who earn around the local median income or more.
Noble Properties is led by Joseph Pierce, who has been in the rental property industry for 20 years. Throughout that time, he worked in various positions in local rental property agencies but is now eager to start a rental property business of his own. During his extensive experience in the rental property industry, he acquired an in-depth knowledge of the local area, local regulations, facilities, and the characteristics of different neighborhoods. He also has extensive experience in handling business management activities.
Karen Miller has been Joseph Pierce’s loyal administrative assistant for over ten years at his former rental agency. Joseph relies strongly on Karen’s diligence, attention to detail, and focus when organizing his clients, schedule, and files. Karen has worked in the rental agency industry for so long that she has a thorough knowledge of all aspects required to run a successful rental agency. She will help out with administrative tasks and some of the initial marketing efforts.
Noble Properties will be able to achieve success by offering the following competitive advantages:
- The founder, Joseph Pierce, has decades of extensive experience and knowledge of the industry that will prove invaluable for the company.
- The company will purchase rentals in popular areas around the city, putting our rentals in high demand.
- Noble Properties offers reasonable and affordable rates for all our rentals. Our pricing will be far more cost-effective than the competition.
Noble Properties is seeking $1,100,000 in debt financing to launch its rental property agency. The funding will be dedicated to securing initial rental spaces, securing an office space, and purchasing office equipment and supplies. Funding will also be dedicated toward six months of overhead costs, including payroll, rent, and marketing costs. The breakdown of the funding is below:
- Purchasing initial rentals: $600,000
- Office space build-out: $20,000
- Office equipment, supplies, and materials: $20,000
- Six months of overhead expenses (payroll, rent, utilities): $350,000
- Marketing costs: $50,000
- Working capital: $60,000
Who is noble properties, noble properties’ history.
After decades of working for other rental agencies, Joseph Pierce decided to launch an agency of his own. He conducted extensive research on the rental market in the Seattle area. This helped him determine the best spots to find in-demand rentals and how much he should rent them out for. He also did extensive marketing research to determine the best customer segments to market to. After conducting this research and finding a potential office location, Joseph Pierce incorporated Noble Properties as an S-Corporation.
Noble Properties’ operations are currently being run out of Joseph Pierce’s home office but will move to the office location once the lease is finalized.
Since incorporation, Noble Properties has achieved the following milestones:
- Developed the company’s name, logo, and website
- Determined rent/leasing and financing requirements
- Found a potential office location and signed a Letter of Intent to lease it
- Began recruiting key employees with experience in the rental homes/apartment industry
Noble Properties’ Products
The rental market is expected to continue to grow over the next five years. According to RentCafe, the average rent for a Seattle apartment is around $2,300 per month. This value is only expected to increase as the demand for apartments and other rentals skyrockets. Furthermore, Seattle’s vacancy rate is incredibly low and expected to decrease further, meaning there aren’t enough rentals to keep up with demand.
The growth is primarily driven by increasing housing prices. Now that housing prices have increased substantially, fewer and fewer people can afford to buy a home. Therefore, many people seek out rentals to live in since they are far more affordable.
Another factor that will help the Seattle rental market is the increasing population. More people are moving to the city, meaning the demand for homes and rentals will continue to soar. This will only push rental prices even higher, which will increase the local rental market’s value substantially.
This is a great market to start a rental agency in. By capitalizing on these trends, Noble Properties is expected to have great success.
Demographic profile of target market.
Noble Properties’ target market includes people of all demographics. We are open to offering rentals to people of all ages and groups as long as they can afford to pay their rent. From our initial market research, we expect most of our marketing efforts will target young adults, medium and high-income individuals, and families.
The precise demographics for Seattle, Washington, are:
Noble Properties will primarily target the following customer profiles:
- Young adults
- Individuals who earn the region’s median income or more
Direct and indirect competitors.
Noble Properties will face competition from other companies with similar business profiles. A description of each competitor company is below.
Leasing Inc. is a marketplace for finding rental homes and apartments in multiple metropolitan areas around the country. It originally started more than a decade ago as a networking tool for real estate agents, but today it is a fully searchable online database of homes for both sale and rent. Leasing Inc. offers ideal rental properties, all with different amenities that can best suit the tenant’s requirements. Leasing Inc.’s properties are well furnished with all modern accessories and priced competitively.
Rental Barn is the most visited rental agency website in the United States. Rental Barn and its affiliates offer customers an on-demand experience for selling, buying, renting, and financing with transparency and nearly seamless end-to-end service. The company provides multiple rental apartments according to the customer’s needs and requirements.
Seattle Properties is a local rental properties business that has dominated the market since 1982. The company manages and rents out hundreds of properties all across the city, including apartments, single-family homes, and mobile homes. All prices are competitive, and some rentals qualify for government programs to help low-income individuals. The company also utilizes a well-designed website to help prospective tenants find their perfect home based on rent, location, and accessories.
- The company will purchase rentals in popular areas around the city, making our rentals in high demand.
Brand & value proposition.
The Noble Properties brand will focus on the company’s unique value proposition:
- Offering homes/apartments for rent suited for families and working professionals.
- Offering a diverse range of rental homes in a prime location for a competitive rate.
- Providing excellent customer service.
The promotions strategy for Noble Properties is as follows:
Noble Properties will invest in professionally designed print ads to display in programs or flyers at industry networking events and relevant local establishments.
Noble Properties has designed a website that is well-organized and informative, and lists all our available properties. The website also lists the company’s contact information and other services it provides. We will utilize SEO marketing tactics so that anytime someone types in the Google or Bing search engine “Seattle rental properties” or “rentals near me,” Noble Properties will be listed at the top of the search results.
Noble Properties understands that the best promotion comes from satisfied tenants. The company will encourage its tenants to refer other individuals by providing economic or financial incentives for every new tenant produced. This strategy will increase effectiveness after the business has already been established.
Social Media Marketing
Social media is one of the most cost-effective and practical marketing methods for improving brand visibility. The company will use social media to develop engaging content that will increase audience awareness and loyalty. Engaging with prospective clients and business partners on social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and LinkedIn will also help understand the changing customer needs.
The real estate industry fluctuates, and therefore, rental prices, for the most part, are usually out of a company’s control. However, Noble Properties will market its properties at a competitive rate to ensure we do not have vacant properties. We will also keep tight control of costs in order to maximize profits.
The following will be the operations plan for Noble Properties.
- Joseph Pierce will be the Owner and President of the company. He will oversee all staff and manage tenant relations. Jay has spent the past year recruiting the following staff:
- Karen Miller will serve as the Office Manager. She will manage the office administration, client files, and accounts payable. She will also handle much of the marketing efforts until the agency becomes large enough to hire a marketing team.
- Tim Johnson will be the Maintenance Director, who will provide all maintenance at the properties.
- Joseph will outsource professionals to handle the accounting and human resources aspects of the business.
- Joseph will also hire Rental Managers for the various properties as the agency continues to grow.
Noble Properties will have the following milestones completed in the next six months.
5/1/202X – Finalize contract to lease office space.
5/15/202X – Finalize personnel and staff employment contracts for the Noble Properties team.
6/1/202X – Begin moving into Noble Properties office.
7/1/202X – Finalize purchases of initial properties that will be rented.
7/15/202X – Begin networking and marketing efforts.
8/1/202X – Noble Properties opens its office and rentals for business.
Key revenue & costs.
Noble Properties’ revenue will come from the rent and deposits received from tenants.
The major costs for the company will be staff salaries and property maintenance. In the initial years, the company’s marketing spending will be high to establish itself in the market.
Funding Requirements and Use of Funds
The following outlines the key assumptions required in order to achieve the revenue and cost numbers in the financials and to pay off the startup business loan.
- Number of Managed Properties Per Month: 10
- Average Rent Per Month: $2,300
- Office Lease per Year: $100,000
Income statement, balance sheet, cash flow statement, rental properties business plan faqs, what is a rental properties business plan.
A rental properties business plan is a plan to start and/or grow your rental properties business. Among other things, it outlines your business concept, identifies your target customers, presents your marketing plan and details your financial projections.
You can easily complete your rental properties business plan using our rental properties Business Plan Template here .
What are the Main Types of Rental Properties?
There are a number of different kinds of rental properties , some examples include: Single family homes, Multi-family properties, or Short-Term Rental properties.
How Do You Get Funding for Your Rental Property Business Plan?
Rental Properties Businesses are often funded through small business loans. Personal savings, credit card financing and angel investors are also popular forms of funding. This is true for a real estate rental business plan or a rental property business plan.
What are the Steps To Start a Rental Properties Business?
Starting a rental properties business can be an exciting endeavor. Having a clear roadmap of the steps to start a business will help you stay focused on your goals and get started faster.
1. Develop A Rental Properties Business Plan - The first step in starting a business is to create a detailed business plan for a rental property that outlines all aspects of the venture. This should include potential market size and target customers, the services or products you will offer, pricing strategies and a detailed financial forecast.
2. Choose Your Legal Structure - It's important to select an appropriate legal entity for your rental properties business. This could be a limited liability company (LLC), corporation, partnership, or sole proprietorship. Each type has its own benefits and drawbacks so it’s important to do research and choose wisely so that your rental properties business is in compliance with local laws.
3. Register Your Rental Properties Business - Once you have chosen a legal structure, the next step is to register your rental properties business with the government or state where you’re operating from. This includes obtaining licenses and permits as required by federal, state, and local laws.
4. Identify Financing Options - It’s likely that you’ll need some capital to start your rental properties business, so take some time to identify what financing options are available such as bank loans, investor funding, grants, or crowdfunding platforms.
5. Choose a Location - Whether you plan on operating out of a physical location or not, you should always have an idea of where you’ll be based should it become necessary in the future as well as what kind of space would be suitable for your operations.
6. Hire Employees - There are several ways to find qualified employees including job boards like LinkedIn or Indeed as well as hiring agencies if needed – depending on what type of employees you need it might also be more effective to reach out directly through networking events.
7. Acquire Necessary Rental Properties Equipment & Supplies - In order to start your rental properties business, you'll need to purchase all of the necessary equipment and supplies to run a successful operation.
8. Market & Promote Your Business - Once you have all the necessary pieces in place, it’s time to start promoting and marketing your rental properties business. This includes creating a website, utilizing social media platforms like Facebook or Twitter, and having an effective Search Engine Optimization (SEO) strategy. You should also consider traditional marketing techniques such as radio or print advertising.
Learn more about how to start a successful rental properties business:
- How to Start a Rental Properties Business
- Making a property investment business plan
- Rental yield calculations
- Property investment strategies
- How to quit your job and invest in property
Setting investment goals
- Are property training courses worth the money?
- Do you need a property mentor?
- The process of buying an investment property
- How to evaluate a property investment
- Property assessment checklist
- The 4 types of property deal I look for (and why)
- How to find a property sourcer
- Deciding where to invest
- How to flip a house: the ultimate guide
- Rent-To-Rent: The ultimate guide
- Lease Options explained
- Lending against property
- Lessons from running a letting agency
- How to get started with limited funds
- Mortgages: The ultimate guide
- Mortgages for limited companies
- New mortgage rules: rental cover and portfolio landlords
- Interest-only vs repayment mortgages
- Bridging finance: the ultimate guide
- Property joint venture agreements – The ultimate guide
- Recycling your cash
- Self-manage or use a letting agent?
- Landlord insurance guide
- How to find tenants
- Writing a tenancy agreement
- What does self-managing a property involve?
- Rent guarantee insurance
- The 18-year property cycle
- Will London house prices crash?
- Avoiding Inheritance Tax
- Exit strategies
- Mortgage interest relief
- Buying through a company
How to create a rental property business plan (and why you need one)
Last updated: 21 October 2022
Take it from someone who’s spoken to a lot of investors over the last few years: almost everyone who achieves great success started out with a solid plan.
All businesses start out with a plan . Even if that plan is just “I think I can buy this widget for £1 and sell it for £1.50”, it’s still a statement of what the business will do and how it will make a profit.
But many – in fact, most – wannabe property investors start out without even the most basic of plans. Often, people have nothing more than vague thoughts like “ property prices go up, so it’s a good investment ” or “ most wealthy people seem to own property ”.
It might feel like sitting around planning is just delaying you from getting out to look at properties and start making money. But take it from someone who’s spoken to a lot of investors over the last few years: almost everyone who achieves great success started out with a solid plan.
(Or to put it another, more painful way: almost everyone who didn’t start with a plan ends up disappointed with where they end up – however much effort, money and time they put in.)
What does a rental property business plan look like?
It certainly doesn't need to be 100 spiral-bound pages of projections and fancy charts. In fact, the best plan would be so simple that it fits on the back of an index card – meaning that you can commit it to memory and use it to drive every decision you make.
In order to get to that simplicity though, you might need to do some seriously brain-straining thinking first.
It's not easy, but it is simple: your plan basically just needs to set out…
Where you are now
- Where you want to get to, and
- What actions you're going to take to bridge the gap
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To give a cheesy analogy, you can't plan a route unless you know where you're starting from.
Working out your starting point is the easiest part, because it involves information that's either known or easily knowable to you.
You'll need to be clear about:
- The amount of money you've got to invest
- The amount of savings you can allocate to property investment in future years
- The time you can invest each week or month
- The skills and knowledge you can apply to your property business
Note that I said it was the easiest part, but still not easy – because it involves honesty about what you can commit, and self-knowledge to determine where your strengths lie.
Knowing how much money you've got to invest should be straightforward, but it's probably worthwhile speaking to a mortgage broker to check that you'll have borrowing options – because this will determine your total investment figure. A broker will also be able to tell you about your options around releasing equity from your own home, if that's something you want to consider.
I'd also strongly encourage you to consider what “emergency fund” you want to keep in cash, and deduct that from your total investable funds. I suggest having at least six months' expenses in the bank at all times: the last thing you want is to plough every last penny into investments, then lose your job the next day and be unable to pay your bills.
Where you want to get to
So now you know where you're starting from, where do you want to end up? In other words, what's your goal?
Yes, you want to be “rich”, or “secure”, or “build a future” – but what does that actually mean, in pounds and pence terms, for you?
And just as importantly, when do you want to have achieved that?
You might be surprised by how much thought is involved in answering these questions properly. It's easy to throw around terms like “enough to fund my lifestyle” and assume that it might involve an income of £10,000 per month, but it's another matter entirely to look honestly at your ideal lifestyle and determine what a genuinely meaningful figure is.
The same is true for “when” – and it's an often-ignored factor that actually cuts to the heart of the most basic of investment decisions.
For example, take a choice between two properties:
- Property 1 will give a return on your investment of 15% but will probably never increase in value
- Property 2 will give a return of 7% but has the potential to double in value over the next decade.
If your goal is to create a certain monthly income within three years, the Property 1 is likely to be a better choice. Growth is unlikely to happen to any great extent over that time, so you need to optimise for cash in the bank right now.
On the other hand, if you have a decade before you want to have achieved your goal, Property 2 is probably the better bet. It very much is a “bet” because you're taking something of a gamble on capital growth, but it's got a lot of time to happen – and when it does, your returns will dwarf the higher rental income you'd have made from the other property.
That's just one example of why making even simple decisions in your property business are impossible without having that most basic ingredient of your plan: where you ultimately want to end up, and when.
So, by this point in the plan you need to:
- Assess your finances to build up an honest picture of where you are now
- Put some serious thought into where you want to get to, and when
If you need help with this goal-setting process, I co-own Property Hub Invest which offers free strategy meetings . It's often easier to work this stuff out in conversation with someone who knows their stuff, rather than doing it all in your own head.
That's a great start, but for most people it'll produce an uncomfortable insight: the gap between where you are and where you want to be seems impossibly large! With the resources you've got now, how are you possibly going to reach your goal in a sensible period of time?
Well, that's where it's time to start thinking about the details of the third step: the strategy you'll use to pursue your goal.
A strategy to bridge the gap
The steps you take to get from Point A to Point Z are what's commonly referred to as your strategy – and strategy is a vital component of your business plan.
The way I like to think about strategy is the way you compensate for a lack of cash . It's an unusual way to look at it, but I find it useful – because it tells you (given your timeframe and your goal) how much heavy-lifting your strategy will need to do to keep you on track.
Think of it like this: if you had £10m in the bank and your goal was to make an income of £5,000 per month within a year, you wouldn't need any strategy at all . You could just use your £10m to buy any properties, anywhere – you wouldn't need to maximise the rent, manage them well or even keep them all occupied at all times! You'd be able to buy so much property that you really couldn't fail.
Sure, it'd be a pretty stupid thing to do – you should really have had a more ambitious goal – but you get the point.
Obviously, most of us aren't in that position – and that's why we need a strategy.
So, just what position are you in?
A rule of thumb
A handy way of looking at it is to take the amount of money you've got to invest in property, and assume that you can get a 5% annual return on that money (ROI) – which is a rough rule-of-thumb for a normal property bought with a 75% mortgage.
So, if you've got £100,000, you can generate a (pre-tax) profit of £5,000 per year – or £416 per month.
That's unlikely to be enough to hit most people's goals – but then there's the time factor. If you save up the rental income for 20 years, you'll be able to buy another batch of properties just like the first – so you'll now have income of £832 per month.
If you're happy with that, then you've already got your strategy: buy properties that will give you your desired ROI, then wait!
But most people will want more than that: we've hardly been talking about life-changing sums, and 20 years is a long time to wait before you can buy again!
This is where more of an advanced strategy comes in, allowing you to get better results, faster.
This might include:
- Buying properties and adding value, so you can refinance at the higher value and buy your next property more quickly ( learn more about this strategy )
- Buying properties at a discount, allowing you again to refinance at the higher value and move on to the next one
- Turning properties into HMOs, so you can generate a higher ROI on them
- “Flipping” properties for a profit, so you can replenish your cash more quickly ( read my guide to flipping )
…or something else entirely.
I go into different strategies in enormous detail in my book, The Complete Guide To Property Investment .
Simply appreciating the need for one of these strategies from the start is a really big deal.
Most people don't: they'll rush in, use all their money to buy properties that generate (say) £500 profit per month, then…what? They'll be stuck – because they didn't go in with a plan for how they were going to get to their target number . They'll effectively be starting from scratch, having to scrape together the money to go again.
It's extremely common, and it doesn't surprise me – but it does frustrate me. If they'd started with just a bit of time making a plan, they wouldn't have made this mistake – because it would have become very obvious that they wouldn't reach their goal without applying some strategy.
Any of the strategies I listed (or a different one, or a combination of several of them), when applied effectively, can get you to where you need to be. But that's not to say that all of them will be equally good for you. Each of them has different risk factors, requires different time commitments, are suited to different skill sets, and so on.
That's why this is your business plan: copying someone else's homework isn't going to do you any good, because their skills, attributes and preferences will be different from yours.
For example, one person's plan might be to get their hands dirty by renovating properties for resale – completing two projects per year, and using the profits to buy an HMO. Within five years they'll have five HMOs, which will give them all the income they need.
Someone else might be hopeless at anything hands-on, but a master negotiator. Their plan could be to buy at enough of a discount that they can pull at least half of their funds back out again by refinancing – and keep doing that until in ten years' time they have 15 single-let properties giving them their target income figure.
(That's why when someone emails me asking if their strategy “sounds good”, I have to say that I don't know: usually it sounds like on paper like it would work for someone , but I have no idea if they're the right person to execute it.)
So, coming up with your strategy involves:
- Starting with an assessment of where you are now
- Deciding where you want to get to, and by when
- Seeing how far you'll fall short by just buying “normal” properties
- Thinking about your own skills, time and preferences to choose which strategy (or strategies) you'll use to fill in the gap
It might take a while, and that's OK – it's not an easy decision . To take the pressure off though, remember: your plan isn't set in stone. It's important to start with a clear vision and not get distracted by every new opportunity that comes your way, but every plan is just a starting point: you'll be seeing what works, reviewing and adjusting course along the way.
Once you've got a strategy down on paper, that's a huge step – and you should congratulate yourself, because it's a step that most people will never make (and will suffer for).
But of course, the act of writing the plan isn't going to magic it into existence: you need to get out there and execute on the plan.
Turning your property business plan into action
Having an appropriate goal and a solid strategy to get you there are essential, sure – but nothing is going to happen until you actually take the steps that are necessary to execute that strategy.
If you don't take the time to identify the steps and make a plan to carry them out, you'll end up in “pulling an all-nighter the day before your homework is due in” mode. And you don't want that: it's no good setting a five-year goal, feeling all virtuous for being such a strategic and big-picture thinker, then realising in four years and 364 days that you've not actually got any closer towards making it a reality!
So let's get those steps in place. And the good news is…it's really simple. (The best things usually are.)
Breaking it down
However big, ambitious and far in the future a goal seems to be, all goals are achieved in exactly the same way : by breaking them down into individual tasks, and working through those tasks one by one.
As you work through those tasks, it’s important to have sub-goals as “checkpoints” along the way.
Sub-goals are how you stay on track: by setting a deadline for each sub-goal, you can make sure that your progress is fast enough. They also keep you motivated, because it means you’ll always have a small “win” on the horizon: you won’t just be looking at the main goal (potentially) years off in the future. Think of them as mile markers at the side of a marathon course.
To put it another way:
Small task + Small task + Small task = Sub-goal Sub-goal + Sub-goal + Sub-goal = Overall goal
It's those small daily tasks that are the foundations of your achievement. And that's the beauty of a good plan: all you need to concentrate on is ticking off your tasks each day, and your overall goal is achieved automatically!
So, this final step in your plan is about breaking that big goal down into sub-goals, and those sub-goals down into bite-sized individual tasks. That's it!
As you break it down, there are a few things I find are useful to think about…
One-off tasks v recurring tasks
Your business will have two types of task:
- One-off tasks , like finding a mortgage broker
- Recurring tasks , like viewing properties and making offers
These two types of task will both appear in your weekly, monthly and quarterly to-do lists. A useful way of planning your time is to start by filling in your recurring tasks – like going through portals to find new potential acquisitions every day, and calling agents to follow up on offers once per week – then adding your recurring tasks on top.
By thinking about both types, you'll make sure you're not dropping the ball on the important day-by-day stuff, but you're also not ignoring the big-picture one-offs that are going to make a huge difference to your business in the long run.
The first, simplest step
Just like you break a goal down into sub-goals and sub-goals down into tasks, I favour breaking every one-off task down into the smallest possible unit .
For example, “find a mortgage broker” could be an important one-off task for you, but it's not something you can just sit down and do until it's done. Because it seems nebulous and you can never identify a block of time when you can do it from start to finish, you can end up never doing it at all.
Instead, you'll make yourself feel better by ticking off smaller tasks that seem easier – but are often less important.
The solution is to break every task down into as many sub-tasks as possible. So instead of “find a mortgage broker”, the tasks become :
- Email 3 contacts to ask for recommendations
- Post on The Property Hub forum to ask for recommendations
- Email everyone who is recommended to set up a quick call
- Draw up a shortlist of 2-3 people to have a longer conversation with
- Pick a winner
Doesn't that seem much easier already? You can imagine sitting down and bashing out the first task in five minutes right now, then you're underway!
Who will do each job?
Here's a potential lightbulb moment: you don't have to do everything in your business yourself.
Any business has different “functions”, or departments – like sales, manufacturing, and admin. A property business is no exception.
The basic functions of all property businesses are the same:
The types of task that fall within each function will depend on your business plan. For example, if your aim is to find properties you can buy “below market value”, acquisition could be a major part of the business – involving direct-to-vendor marketing, networking with estate agents, and attending auctions.
On the other hand, if your model involves buying properties that you think will experience strong capital growth, there could be a lot more tasks in the “research” part of the business – and acquisition could be very straightforward once you’ve identified the opportunity itself.
Could you do every task within every function yourself? Maybe.
Could the business achieve better results if you bring in specialists to do what they do best? Definitely .
You could go big and employ an assistant to view properties and make offers for you, or just make sure you outsource functions like management and accountancy to the relevant professionals.
Whatever you do, once you start thinking about your property venture as a business with various departments, you'll start to break away from the idea that this is something you have to do all on your own – and that's a very powerful insight.
OK, this has been a long one – but we've covered a lot of ground.
To recap, those critical steps are:
- Assess where you are now
- Work out where you want to be, and by when
- Outline a strategy to get you there
- Fill in the detail, to get you from “big picture” to individual steps
It's a process that's worked for me, and I've seen it work for many investors I've encouraged to put it into action too.
Its power is in its simplicity: you take the time to intelligently decide exactly what you need to do, then you figure out a way to (to borrow a registered trademark) just do it . As long as you show up and work through your to-do list each day, the big, scary, long-term goal takes care of itself!
Of course, you'll need to assess your progress and adjust course along the way: nothing will pan out exactly as expected, and there's a lot that can change over a timespan of several years.
But by having your plan, what you won't do is get distracted by every new idea that comes your way – researching HMOs one day, and holiday lets the next – and end up getting nowhere.
(You'd be amazed by how many plan-less people that description fits to a tee.)
So now you know how to put a property business plan together. It's not a plan that will necessarily get you funding from the bank, but it's something more important than that: a plan you can use every day to make sure you stay on track to hit your goals.
The one thing that every successful investor does