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- Types of Sentences
You come across so many sentences every day. And all of these sentences can be categorized into 4 types of sentences: declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory; each with its own specific purpose. Punctuation also plays a role in differentiating between these types. Let’s understand the types of sentences.
Types of sentences:, declarative sentences:.
As the name suggests, a declarative sentence simply declares a statement or an opinion. A declarative sentence has a neutral tone, meaning it ends with a period mark “.” A few examples of declarative sentences:
- I live at 24, East street.
- I like ice-cream.
- The wind is blowing from the west.
Notice how both these sentences declare some feelings but not very strong feelings, feelings like ” I absolutely love ice cream!”. This sentence becomes an exclamatory sentence ending in the exclamation mark – “!”
As the name suggests, exclamatory sentences express strong feelings and excitement or extreme dislike. These sentences are quite loud, in the sense that they explain full emotions. These are declarations just like declarative sentences but with much stronger emotions. That’s why they end in the exclamation mark.
- Wow, she must love scuba diving!
- Red sea blue holes are out of this world!
- I can’t believe she ran that fast to grab the bone !
Whenever a demand is expressed, it’s an imperative sentence. It could also be instructions, requests, a wish or demands. Basically anything you want to make happen can be expressed in what we call, imperative sentence.
- Come to the ball dance with me! (Expressing an invitation)
- Sop moving in circles ! (Expressing a command)
- Move in circle just once a day. (Expressing an instruction)
- Have fun at the ball dance! (Expressing a wish)
- Please get out of the room! (Expressing a command)
Notice how imperative sentences above are expressing something to happen, maybe strongly or mildly followed by an exclamation mark or a period respectively. Remember this while forming imperative sentences. Depending upon the sentence’s mood, the sentence is followed by an exclamation mark or a period. Very strong emotions are of course followed by an exclamation mark.
Important note: Do not confuse imperative sentences with exclamatory sentences. One clear cut difference is that there’s always a command in the imperative sentence whereas there never will be a command in the exclamatory sentence. Exclamatory sentences are declarations but really strong ones. Both sentences have exclamatory marks at the end, but they are two different ones.
Browse more Topics Under Transformation Sentences
- Active and Passive Voice
- Parts of Speech
- Reported Speech
Interrogative sentences as the name suggests, express e=interrogation or questions and naturally end in the question mark – “?” Remember that these sentences have which, when, where, how and what in them.
- When do you get off work?
- Who do you trust the most in the world?
- Where do you live in California?
- Which city is your favourite?
- How can I get to this karate teacher ?
It may not contain the “wh” questions but could simply be a yes/no question.
- Is she a student of Arts?
- Do you like to eat ice-cream?
You might also like this article :
- Definite Article
- One word substitution
Now you should just identify the following sentences:
- Where is her house?
- Wow, she swims like a fish!
- I would love to take you to the dinner!
- She is sitting on the couch.
Let’s see if you can identify these. Have fun!
Transformation of Sentences
- Active and Passive voice
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Types of Sentences with Examples, Uses in English
- Types of Sentences
What is a Sentence?
Types of sentence, types of sentence on the basis of function, types of sentence on the basis of structure, examples of types of sentences.
Table of Contents
To express our thoughts, beliefs, ideas, or expressions, we need some groups of words arranged in a specific way that helps us to communicate easily. In English Grammar , A sentence is defined as a group of words containing a subject and a verb expressing the complete sense of a statement, or a question . A subject in a sentence provides information about the noun and a verb tells about the action of the noun. A sentence when written always begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop or question marks or marks of exclamations. The use of these marks at the end of a sentence depends on the type of sentence. In this article, we will learn about different types of sentences, their examples, and how they influence the use of marks at the end of the sentence.
Different types of sentences express different emotions, and thoughts in various ways. Sentences are classified on the basis of Function and structure. If we talk about the classification of sentences on the basis of function, then there are mainly 4 types of sentences that describe the intention of the sentence and these are:
- Declarative Sentence
- Interrogative Sentence
- Exclamatory Sentence
- Imperative Sentence
If we talk about the classification of sentences on the basis of structure, i.e how many clauses are used to form a sentence, then there are also 4-types of sentences, and these are:
- Simple sentence
- Compound Sentence.
- Complex sentence
- Compound-Complex sentence.
Now, we will go through each type of sentences in more detail
- Declarative Sentence (Statement):
Declarative sentences are the most commonly used sentences and it is the most basic sentence among all 4-types of sentences on the basis of function . We use them to convey any message, facts, and ideas, in other words, they are used to declare something and forward the information.
In our day-to-day life, we mostly use these sentences to communicate and answer any question. To provide any information to someone, we use declarative sentences. All declarative sentences end with a period or full stop.
Here are few examples of declarative sentences:
- He enjoys reading these articles.
- I am the boss of this company.
- Cow milk is white in color.
- Adam is good at cricket.
- You are a very good boy.
So as you can see, the above sentences are used only for providing some information and facts. These all sentences are ending with full stop also.
- Interrogative Sentence (Questions):
Interrogative sentences are used to ask questions, interrogate, or to do some inquiry. It ends or is punctuated with a question mark (?).
The 3-main types of questions that are covered under an interrogative sentence are:
- WH- word question
- Choice question
- Yes/No question
Now, look at these examples of how interrogative sentences are formed
- Do you want to top over your pizza?
- Where do you live?
- What are you doing in the garden?
- Are you going for some food?
- Where do you prefer to visit, Chennai or Mumbai?
- Exclamatory Sentence (Exclamation):
Exclamatory sentences express strong emotions such as happiness, anger, grief, sadness, etc. An exclamatory sentence always ends with a sign of exclamations (!). These sentences will be helpful in expressing inner feelings and excitement. For example,
- It's a beautiful building!
- We won the match yesterday!
- She lost her brother in an accident!
- My brother scared the hell out of me!
- Wow, you have cracked the exam!
- Imperative Sentence (Commands)
Imperative sentences are used to give some command, order, or instructions, or to make any request or plea. These types of sentences generally end with a full stop. When there is any strong emotion involved while making a request or giving any command then in that case imperative sentence will end with a mark of exclamations (!)
Look and observe these examples on imperative sentences:
- Shut the door, please!
- Start opposing violence.
- Don’t go outside in the afternoon.
- Switch off the light, please!
- Submit your assignment as soon as possible.
The table below is the summary of these 4-types of sentences
As we know that there are 4-types of sentences on the basis of structure, these are also known as sentence structures, and they are:
- Simple sentences
A simple sentence is the sentence having a single independent clause that contains a subject that can describe a person or thing by which an action is performed and along with the subject it also contains a predicate that is a verb or verb phrase that describes the action of the subject. A simple sentence can also contain more than one verb.
He bought a new pencil.
Aman is writing a letter.
Kamal is writing a letter and listening to music.
- Compound sentences
Compound sentences are made up of two or more independent clauses that are joined by a coordinating conjunction or sometimes by either a linking word or semicolon (;). The coordinating conjunction are but, yet, nor, or, and, for etc. Two independent clauses can also be joined by some conjunctive adverb like therefore, likewise, rather, etc. Look at few examples,
- Aman is writing a letter but forgot to post.
- He bought a new car yet he is coming to the office by bus.
- He bought a new car; he is coming to the office by bus.
- Complex sentences
Complex sentences are made up of one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. In a sentence, these clauses are joined or linked with one another by subordinating conjunctions like when, after, because etc. and by relative pronouns like who, which, that, etc.
A simple comma will connect the clauses when the dependent clause appears first in the sentence. For example,
- After he bought a new car, the boy went on a long drive.
- The boy went on a long drive because he bought a new car.
- The boy who is dark and tall and wore a red t-shirt, has gone for a long drive as he bought a new car.
- Complex-Compound sentences
A Complex-compound sentence is a sentence that contains one or more dependent clauses with at least two independent clauses joined together with coordinating conjunctions with a comma immediately before the coordinating conjunction. These types of sentences are the combination of complex sentences and compound sentences.
After he bought a new car, the boy, who is dark and tall and wore a red t-shirt, went on a long drive, but forgot to carry his driving license, got caught by the police.
- Ram is studying at Career Power Institute. (Declarative)
- Sam was the topper of his school. (Declarative)
- Have you had your breakfast? (Interrogative)
- Do you know that boy? (Interrogative)
- Hurray! We won the match. (Exclamatory)
- Wow! This painting is so beautiful. (Exclamatory)
- Oh! What a lovely day it is. (Exclamatory)
- Do not make noise. (Imperative)
- Oh, do shut up! (Imperative)
- He has been sleeping since 8 PM. (Simple)
- Shyam went to school but forgot his homework at home. (Compound)
- John is a good actor; a bad singer. (Compound)
- His father punished him because he broke his phone while playing. (Complex)
- Before going on a trip, pack your bags. (Complex)
- The pizza was delivered on time, but the delivery boy left before I reached. (Complex-Compound)
- Yesterday was a sunny day, so we thought we would go swimming in the pool but entry was full in Water Park then we decided to visit the zoo. (Complex-Compound).
Q1: What is a Sentence?
Q2: What are the 4-types of sentences?
Q3: What are Interrogative Sentences?
Q4: What are Imperative Sentences?
Q5: What are the 8-types of sentences?
Q6: What are compound-Complex sentences?
- English Grammar
- Types of Sentences
- Imperative Sentences
Imperative Sentence - Meaning, Definition, Types, Uses and Examples
Have you ever wondered how life would go on if there was nobody to instruct or direct you so that you can do something in the way it should be done? It is for this reason that you need imperative sentences. This article will help you learn the meaning and definitions of imperative sentences, types of imperative sentences and how to use them. Check out the examples given in the article to have a clear idea of how they are used.
Table of Contents
Definition of an imperative sentence.
- Negative Imperative Sentences
Conditional Imperative Sentences
Uses of imperative sentences, examples of imperative sentences, check your understanding of imperative sentences, frequently asked questions on imperative sentences in english, what are imperative sentences.
Imperative sentences are used to express commands/orders or requests and also to give instructions or some advice. Imperative sentences do not require a subject . Furthermore, remember that the verb used in an imperative sentence should always be in the simple present tense . Imperative sentences end with a full stop or an exclamation mark .
Now, look at the following definitions to understand what imperative sentences are.
According to the Oxford Learner’s Dictionary, an imperative sentence is defined as one “expressing an order” and according to the Cambridge Dictionary, an imperative sentence is “a sentence that gives a command or gives a request to do something”. An imperative sentence, according to the Collins Dictionary, is one that is used to denote “a mood of verbs used in giving orders, making requests, etc.” The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines an imperative sentence as one that has the “power to restrain, control, and direct.”
Types of Imperative Sentences with Examples
Imperative sentences can be divided into two main categories according to their nature namely,
- Positive imperative sentence
- Negative imperative sentence
Positive Imperative Sentence
A positive imperative sentence asks one to do something.
- Close the door.
- Call me when you get back.
- Wash the plates before you use them.
Negative Imperative Sentence
A negative imperative sentence is meant to do just the opposite. A negative imperative sentence instructs one not to do something.
- Do not close the door.
- Do not call me when you get back.
- Do not wash the plates before you use them.
Another type of imperative sentences is the conditional imperative sentence. These sentences include a conditional clause and are mostly in the form of complex sentences.
- If you think you are going to be late, ask your brother to drop you off.
- When you get home, call me.
- Unless you want to go through all of it again, don’t do it.
Imperative sentences can be used in a variety of ways if you learn how to do it. Also, remember that just the imperative verb alone can pass as an imperative sentence.
Now, let us look at some of the uses of imperative sentences that also categorises them into the different types. Imperative sentences can be used to do the following.
- To make a request
- To give a command
- To lend an invitation
- To give an instruction
Given below are examples of imperative sentences that will definitely help you understand the topic better.
Making a request
- Please help me with this.
- Please pass the salt and pepper.
- Please reserve a seat for me.
Giving a command
- Don’t leave the door open.
- Come home before sunset.
- Finish the assignment by tomorrow.
Leading an invitation
- Kindly join us for lunch after the reception.
- Come with me for a movie.
- Let us go for a walk.
Giving an instruction
- Sauté the onions until they turn golden brown.
- Boil the milk for at least two to three minutes.
- Stop when you see the red light.
Use the most appropriate verb from the list given below to form imperative sentences.
(switch off, do, come, play, stand, close, forget, fill in, turn off, carry, submit)
1. _________ the application form and ______ them before Monday.
2. _________ the door when you go out.
3. __________ the lights after use.
4. Please _________ home when you are free.
5. ______ all the documents that are required for verification.
6. _______ in the ascending order of your height.
7. ________ (negative) to carry an umbrella.
8. Let’s ______.
9. _______ your homework.
10. ________ your mobile phones before the meeting starts.
The answers are given below. Check out if you got it right.
1. Fill in the applications and submit them before Monday.
2. Close the door when you go out.
3. Turn off the lights after use.
4. Please come home when you are free.
5. Carry all the documents that are required for verification.
6. Stand in the ascending order of your height.
7. Don’t forget to carry an umbrella.
8. Let’s play .
9. Do your homework.
10. Switch off your mobile phones before the meeting starts.
What are imperative sentences?
Imperative sentences are used to express commands/orders or requests and also to give instructions or some advice. Imperative sentences do not require a subject.
What is the definition of an imperative sentence?
What are the uses of imperative sentences.
Imperative sentences can be used to perform the following functions:
What are the types of imperative sentences?
Positive imperative sentences, negative imperative sentences and conditional imperative sentences are the types of imperative sentences.
Give some examples of imperative sentences.
Given below are a few examples of imperative sentences.
- Saute the onions until they turn golden brown.
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Types of Sentences
On average, a person says about 7,000 words every day. However, what really forms our speech is not really about words, but rather about sentences and how we use them.
We use different types of sentences in both written and oral speech. Each type serves a specific designated purpose, and, though you may not realize it, all sentence types are different from one another.
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How many types of sentences exist in the English language? What are their purposes and how is each formed? Knowing the answers to these questions is important. You will be able to bring your writing skills to a whole new level, and make your speech more thoughtful, effective, and purposeful — which is especially important for students. In this article, the EssayPro research paper writing service has made a comprehensive guide on the different types of sentences and their characteristics.
What Are the Four Types of Sentences?
In the English language, we can identify four types of sentences. They are classified based on their purposes:
- The declarative sentence type is used for making a statement;
- The interrogative type is used to ask a question;
- Imperative sentences are used to tell somebody to do something (i.e. give a command or an order);
- The exclamatory type is used to express (e.g. surprise).
Apart from their purposes, these sentence types require the use of different punctuation marks. Also, if we are talking about oral speech rather than writing, every type uses different intonations to highlight their purposes.
In the chart below, you can find a short overview of all these types with their key characteristics from our dissertation writing services :
Now, when you have grasped the general idea, let’s take a close look at each sentence type separately.
Also, read our: PUNCTUATION GUIDE to bring your writing skills to a whole new level.
What is a declarative sentence? The main goal of this type of sentence is to make a statement. So, in a nutshell, any sentence that tells us something can be attributed to this category. It doesn’t matter what kind of information it delivers, whether it is a proven fact or a theoretical statement, the only thing that matters is if it declares something – if it does, it is a declarative sentence.
The standard order of words in such sentences is as follows:
- Subject + verb + object… = where the subject is usually a noun or pronoun (a person, thing, place, etc.); the verb is the action or state of being; and the object is any word (or multiple words) that are influenced by the verb.
Example: The girl (subject) lost (verb) her favourite doll (object).
As a rule, a declarative sentence ends with a period. Sentences that fit the definition for being of declarative type, can be further categorized into two groups – positive and negative. Respectively, the difference between them is whether you intend to make a positive or negative statement:
Where are declarative sentences used most often, you might ask? This type of sentence is the most common type of sentence. We use it in oral and written speech whenever we intend to share some information. Therefore, declarative sentences are widely used in all types of academic papers, written documents, dialogues, etc.
What is an interrogative sentence? A declarative sentence aims to share information, whereas an interrogative one strives to receive information. According to the interrogative sentence definition, any sentence that asks a question can be attributed to this category and will always end with a question mark. Unlike the other types of sentences, interrogative sentences have a different word order: (wh-word or how) + auxiliary verb + subject
Example: Where (wh-word) is (auxiliary verb) Kate (subject)?
Similar to other types of sentences, interrogative sentences can be either positive or negative. Here are a few interrogative sentence examples of both:
Where can you use this type of sentence? Generally, interrogative sentences can have a variety of applications in your speech. However, when it comes to writing, especially academic papers, questions don’t always fit in context. For example, if you write a narrative essay, you will likely not be required to ask questions, as the purpose of a narrative essay paper is to provide information, not to collect it. Interrogative sentences are more commonly used in persuasive essays to encourage readers to reflect upon or reinforce the effect of the author’s arguments (e.g. “Did you know that…?”).
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What is an imperative sentence? The main goal of these sentences is to tell others to do something, or, in other words, give a command. Imperative sentences can end with either a period or an exclamation mark.
The word order and form of such a sentence are different from other types. It often doesn’t have a subject, because an imperative sentence, by default, speaks to the recipient or reader (if it is a written text). Generally, such sentences consist of a base verb + any additional details.
These sentences can also be negative and positive, here are a few imperative sentence examples to help you grasp the idea:
As for possible applications of imperative sentences, they are mostly used in oral speech, or, if we are talking about writing, can be used in dialogues between characters, or in the form of a “call to action” that encourages readers to do something.
What is an exclamatory sentence? The last of the four sentence types is the exclamatory sentence. It is used to express a strong surprise of emotion and always ends with an exclamation mark. Here are a couple of examples of how the basic order of words in such sentences might look:
- What (+ adjective) + noun + subject + verb
- How (+ adjective/adverb) + subject + verb
For example: What wonderful (adjective) weather (subject)! or How generous (adjective) you (subject) are (verb)!
Unlike previous types, exclamatory sentences do not have a negative form. Look at these exclamatory sentence examples to see how they are formed:
- What a beautiful painting!
- I feel terrible!
- What an excellent idea it was to throw him a surprise party!
- How nice it was!
Exclamatory sentences express powerful emotions, and, respectively, strive to evoke the same emotions in readers. In many cases, using this type of sentence in academic papers is inappropriate. However, if you are writing a descriptive or narrative essay, exclamatory sentences are great tools for helping your story to become even more vivid by delivering the right emotions to the reader.
Extra Tips on Variety
What is the key to having the perfect writing style? Some may say it is a solid vocabulary, others may not and suggest that it is being able to include an abundance of details. Furthermore, people might suggest that it is the number of ideas, examples, and arguments you include in your writing. But, if you put it all together, it turns out that the true key to literary mastery is variety!
So, here is our best tip for empowering your writing – add more variety. It may seem a bit tricky at first. But, as soon as you fully understand the concept behind every sentence type and get a bit more comfortable with each, you can try experimenting with them.
Here are some of the best tips on how you can use different types of sentences to your benefit in writing:
- Make a hook with a question. The introduction of a paper should be intriguing and engaging to make the reader want to continue reading. A good way to draw attention is to put a hook, in the form of a question, at the beginning of your introduction.
Example: “Have you ever thought how much benefit school uniforms can bring to students?”
- Use imperative sentences to establish the right guidance. The right command, presented in the right tone, can have a powerful effect on readers and stimulate their interest.
Example: “The way people thought of uniforms in schools has often been controversial. Some like the idea of it, while others don’t. However, studies show that uniforms have more pros than cons. Get ready to change your opinion!”
- Try different word orders. Although we have shared some basic formulas for shaping sentences with you in this article, they don’t necessarily always have to follow the “subject + verb” scenario. In fact, changing the order of words can occasionally add variety to your style and make your text look and sound better.
Example: Instead of writing - “I know what it means to be a part of a large team, so I know how hard it can be to find compromises.” Try using a different format - “Knowing what it means to be a part of a large team, I do know how hard it can be to find compromises.” See the difference?
- Use a question to summarize key points. Here’s another way to use interrogative sentences – put them at the beginning of a paragraph to create a quick summary of your ideas.
Example: “What was the result of a study on the pros of uniforms? – that’s what we are going to talk about.”
This trick will help you to create a smoother transition between paragraphs.
- Use different structures. As a rule, most writing tips say the same thing – “Keep it Simple!” While this advice makes sense, sometimes adding a bit of variety won’t hurt. To keep readers engaged, writers often use this trick. They alternate simple, compound, and complex constructions. This tip helps to significantly improve the readability of the text. The thing is that people find it hard and tiring to read the same sentence types one after another.
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Types of Sentences- Kinds of Sentences with Examples, Uses
There are 4 types of sentences in English: Declarative, Imperative, Interrogative and Exclamatory. Get examples, uses, and exercises of sentence types in English. Learn sentence types in Hindi
Table of Contents
There are four different sentence types in the English language. Sentences are the functional unit of the English language that conveys the full meaning or context. Sentences give our thoughts and ideas structure and meaning, making them the fundamental units of communication. Effective communication in written and spoken language requires an understanding of the four basic sentence forms. These four sentence types in English are Declarative, Interrogative, Exclamatory, and Imperative sentences. In this article, we will learn about these types along with their examples. We will also get a detailed explanation of these types and how they differ from one another.
Types of Sentences in English
Types of Sentences: The sentence is the most important part of the English language. In the English language, there are 4 different types of sentences. To be a good communicator one must know all the types of the sentences because if one uses a similar form of the sentence throughout the speech or writing then it will become uninteresting. These sentences cover different sentence forms that can be thought of in the English language like sentences for question, command, request, statement, instruction, and so on. So, to make your speech interesting we are here to teach you different types of sentences. In this article, you will learn different types of the sentences with examples.
Let’s start our learning
Types of Sentences: What is a Sentence?
A sentence is a group of words that conveys a complete idea. Sentence is basically the functional and fundamental unit of the English communication. Complete sentences must have at least one subject and predicate, and the predicate contains a verb. A subject is what we talk of and the predicate describes the subject. Complete sentences start with a capital letter, and they end with a punctuation mark such as a period, exclamation point, or question mark depending on the type of sentence.
Types of Sentences with Definitions
Four sentences’ types of the English language are given here: declarative, interrogatives, imperatives and exclamations. Using different sentences in your writing will increase your interest and help you communicate your ideas effectively.
Read the explanations and examples of each type of sentence to get the point.
4 Types of Sentences with Examples
Declarative types of sentences (statement).
A declarative statement or assertive sentence is the most basic type of statement. They are meant to convey information and are separated by periods. A simple declarative statement allows you to create basic statements such as:
- I am a teacher.
- There is a white palace.
- The cat is sleeping on the sofa.
- She likes the blue colour.
Note:- Declarative sentence always ends with a period (full stop).
2. Interrogative Types of sentences (question)
Interrogative sentences are used to ask questions. Questions can be of any type. These are the direct questions separated by the question mark. For example:-
- Why are you going there?
- Do you love to play cricket?
- What do you want; chocolate or ice cream?
- Can I come with you?
3. Imperative Types of sentences (commands and requests)
Imperative sentences are used for commands, requests or orders. They can be in any form like direct order, general advice or polite request. Many imperative sentences are separated by period but sometimes more forceful commands end with an exclamation mark. For example:-
- Please give me a glass of water.
- Pick up the garbage when you go.
- Don’t make noise!
4. Exclamatory sentence Type (exclamation)
An exclamation is a sentence that is used to express a sudden strong feeling and ends with an exclamation mark. Similar to declarative statements in that they provide information, but end with an exclamation point instead of a period. For example:-
- Hurrah! India won the match.
- Wow, how good this is!
- How beautifully she has drawn the painting!
- How he lied!
4 Types of Sentences on the basis of structure
If we read about the classification of sentenceson the basis of structure, then there are also 4-kinds of sentences, and these are:
- Simple sentence
- Compound Sentence.
- Complex sentence
- Compound-Complex sentence.
Now, we will read each type of sentences in more detail
Selecting the Right type of Sentence
Using the correct type of sentence in your writing depends on your intent.
- To communicate information, use a declarative sentence.
- To get the answer of any question, use an interrogative sentence.
- To tell someone what to do, use imperative sentence.
- To express your feelings, sudden emotions, use exclamatory sentence.
Types of Sentences: Quick Revision
The table below is the summary of these 4-kinds of sentences
Kinds of Sentences: Exercises
Q.1 Look at the following sentences and check whether Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative or Exclamatory.
- Do you drink juice daily?
- Stars are twinkling in the sky.
- Ah! What a lovely garden.
- Let us go for a cricket match.
- Let us go to watch a movie.
- The train is not departing on time.
- Where has she gone?
- Call in the doctor please.
- Kindly lend me some money.
- I like this flower.
Check your answers
Q.2 Rewrite these type of sentence as indicated in the bracket.
- It is a lovely scenery. (Exclamatory)
- Bravo! you have played well. (Assertive)
- She did not dance well. (Interrogative)
- Will you lend me some money? (Imperative)
- Show me the road to go out. (Interrogative)
- Wow! What a lovely scenery.
- You have played bravely.
- Did she dance well?
- Which road goes out?
Kinds of Sentences
Sentences can be categorized into different types based on their structure and function. Here are some common kinds of sentences:
- Declarative Sentences: These sentences make a statement or provide information. They typically end with a period. For example, “I am going to the store.”
- Interrogative Sentences: These sentences ask questions and seek information. They end with a question mark. For example, “What time is it?”
- Imperative Sentences: These sentences give commands, instructions, or requests. They often do not include a subject and end with a period or an exclamation mark. For example, “Please pass the salt.”
- Exclamatory Sentences: These sentences express strong emotions or excitement and typically end with an exclamation mark. For example, “What a beautiful sunset!”
- Conditional Sentences: These sentences express a condition and its result. They often use words like “if,” “unless,” or “provided that.” For example, “If it rains, we will stay inside.”
- Complex Sentences: These sentences consist of one main clause (independent clause) and one or more subordinate clauses (dependent clauses). The clauses are linked together to form a complex structure. For example, “Although it was raining, they decided to go for a walk.”
- Compound Sentences: These sentences combine two or more independent clauses (main clauses) using coordinating conjunctions (such as “and,” “but,” “or,” “for,” “nor,” “so,” or “yet”). For example, “I wanted to go to the movies, but I couldn’t get a ticket.”
- Simple Sentences: These sentences consist of a single independent clause and typically express a complete thought. For example, “She loves to read.”
- Rhetorical Questions: These are questions asked not to obtain information but to make a point or create emphasis. They are often used in a way that does not expect a response. For example, “Do you think I’m stupid?”
- Direct Speech: Sentences that convey spoken words exactly as they were said. For example, “He said, ‘I’ll be there at 3 o’clock.'”
- Indirect Speech: Sentences that report what someone else has said without quoting their exact words. For example, “She said that she would come later.”
- Narrative Sentences: These sentences are used to tell a story or describe a series of events. They often use past tense and include details to create a narrative flow. For example, “Once upon a time, in a faraway land, there lived a brave knight.”
- Descriptive Sentences: These sentences provide vivid descriptions of people, places, objects, or situations. They use adjectives and adverbs to paint a picture in the reader’s mind. For example, “The old, dusty book sat on the wooden shelf.”
These are some of the common kinds of sentences, and sentences can often fall into multiple categories at once, depending on their structure and purpose.
5 Kinds of Sentences with Examples
- Declarative Sentence: A declarative sentence makes a statement or expresses an opinion.Example: “The sun rises in the east.”
- Interrogative Sentence: An interrogative sentence asks a question.Example: “Did you finish your homework?”
- Imperative Sentence: An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request.Example: “Please pass me the salt.”
- Exclamatory Sentence: An exclamatory sentence conveys strong emotion or excitement.Example: “What a beautiful sunset!”
- Conditional Sentence: A conditional sentence expresses a hypothetical situation and its possible outcome.Example: “If it rains, we will stay indoors.”
Remember that these sentence types can often be combined or modified to create more complex sentences.
Different Types of Sentences in Hindi
वाक्यों के प्रकार: वाक्य अंग्रेजी भाषा का सबसे महत्वपूर्ण हिस्सा है। अंग्रेजी भाषा में 4 विभिन्न प्रकार के वाक्य होते हैं। एक अच्छा संचारक होने के लिए सभी प्रकार के वाक्यों को जानना आवश्यक है क्योंकि यदि कोई वाक्य के समान रूप का उपयोग पूरे भाषण या लेखन में करता है तो यह निर्बाध हो जाएगा। इसलिए, आपके भाषण को रोचक बनाने के लिए हम यहां आपको विभिन्न प्रकार के वाक्य सिखा रहे हैं। इस लेख में, आप उदाहरणों के साथ विभिन्न प्रकार के वाक्यों के बारे में जानेंगे।
वाक्य के प्रकार : वाक्य क्या है ?
एक वाक्य शब्दों का एक समूह है जो एक पूर्ण विचार व्यक्त करता है। पूर्ण वाक्यों में कम से कम एक विषय और विधेय होना चाहिए, और विधेय में एक क्रिया होती है। एक विषय वह है जिसके बारे में हम बात करते हैं और विधेय विषय का वर्णन करता है। पूर्ण वाक्य एक बड़े अक्षर से शुरू होते हैं, और वे विराम चिह्न के साथ समाप्त होते हैं जैसे कि अवधि, विस्मयादिबोधक बिंदु, या वाक्य के प्रकार के आधार पर प्रश्न चिह्न।
परिभाषा के साथ वाक्यों के प्रकार
अंग्रेजी भाषा में चार प्रकार के वाक्य हैं: घोषणात्मक, पूछताछ, अनिवार्यता और विस्मयादिबोधक। अपने लेखन में विभिन्न वाक्यों का उपयोग करने से आपकी रुचि बढ़ेगी और आपको अपने विचारों को प्रभावी ढंग से संप्रेषित करने में मदद मिलेगी।
बिंदु प्राप्त करने के लिए प्रत्येक प्रकार के वाक्य के स्पष्टीकरण और उदाहरण पढ़ें।
उदाहरण सहित वाक्यों के 4 प्रकार 1.घोषणात्मक वाक्य (बयान)
एक घोषणात्मक बयान या मुखर वाक्य सबसे बुनियादी प्रकार का बयान है। वे जानकारी देने के लिए होते हैं और अवधियों से अलग होते हैं। एक साधारण घोषणात्मक कथन आपको बुनियादी विवरण बनाने की अनुमति देता है जैसे:
मैं एक शिक्षक हूं. एक सफेद महल है। बिल्ली सोफे पर सो रही है। उसे नीला रंग पसंद है।
नोट:- घोषणात्मक वाक्य हमेशा एक अवधि (पूर्ण विराम) के साथ समाप्त होता है।
2. प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य (प्रश्न)
प्रश्न पूछने के लिए प्रश्नवाचक वाक्यों का प्रयोग किया जाता है। प्रश्न किसी भी प्रकार के हो सकते हैं। ये प्रश्न चिह्न द्वारा अलग किए गए प्रत्यक्ष प्रश्न हैं। उदाहरण के लिए:-
तुम वहाँ क्यों जा रहे हैं? क्या आपको क्रिकेट खेलना पसंद है? आप क्या चाहते हैं; चॉकलेट या आइसक्रीम? क्या मैं तुम्हारे साथ आ सकता हू?
3. अनिवार्य वाक्य (आदेश और अनुरोध)
आज्ञाओं, अनुरोधों या आदेशों के लिए अनिवार्य वाक्यों का उपयोग किया जाता है। वे सीधे आदेश, सामान्य सलाह या विनम्र अनुरोध जैसे किसी भी रूप में हो सकते हैं। कई अनिवार्य वाक्यों को अवधि से अलग किया जाता है लेकिन कभी-कभी अधिक शक्तिशाली आदेश विस्मयादिबोधक चिह्न के साथ समाप्त होते हैं। उदाहरण के लिए:-
बैठ जाओ! कृपया मुझे एक गिलास पानी दें। जाते समय कूड़ा उठायें। शोर मत करो! 4. विस्मयादिबोधक वाक्य (विस्मयादिबोधक)
विस्मयादिबोधक एक वाक्य है जिसका उपयोग अचानक मजबूत भावना को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है और विस्मयादिबोधक चिह्न के साथ समाप्त होता है। घोषणात्मक बयानों के समान ही वे जानकारी प्रदान करते हैं, लेकिन एक अवधि के बजाय विस्मयादिबोधक बिंदु के साथ समाप्त होते हैं। उदाहरण के लिए:-
हुर्रे! भारत ने मैच जीत लिया। वाह, यह कितना अच्छा है! उसने कितनी खूबसूरती से पेंटिंग बनाई है! उसने कैसे झूठ बोला!
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Q.1 What is a sentence?
Ans. A sentence is a group of words that conveys a complete idea.
Q.2 How many kinds of sentences are in the English Language?
Ans. There are 4 kinds of sentences in the English Language.
Q.3 Name the kinds of sentences in the English Language.
Ans. The 4-kinds of sentences on the basis of the function of the sentence are Declarative Sentence, Interrogative Sentence, Exclamatory Sentence, and Imperative Sentence.
Q.4 Give an example of each type of sentence.
Sam is taking course of Adda 247 school. (Declarative) Have you had your dinner? (Interrogative) Hurray! India won the match. (Exclamatory) Oh, keep quiet! (Imperative)
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