Assign a Static IP to Home Assistant
Last updated: June 17, 2023 February 23, 2021 // Author: Ian
Category: Home Automation
Given the function Home Assistant will play in your Home Automation Environment, it is very important you ensure that you assign a static IP to your instance. This will ensure that any other devices or systems within your setup always know how to connect to Home Assistant within your network.
This process will require some basic technical understanding – in particular knowledge of how to access your routers settings.
Technically speaking setting a static IP might not be required as the subsequent step to configure your router (bottom of instructions) could supersede this. However, some routers may only allow to to make static the current IP. So if you want this to be a specific IP its worth changing this directly within Home Assistant first. Open Up your Home Assistant console. Click Supervisor from the left, select system from the top right. Find the IP address and click change
Table of Contents
Open Up Settings within Home Assistant
Open your Home Assistant instance and Open Settings > System
Configure Home Assistant Network Settings
Open up the network settings option.
Next, Expand the IPV4 drop down and enter your IP details.
Arrow 1 = Click Static IP, this will open up the IP address detail that can be changed. Arrow 2 = This is the IP address. In this example I have used 192.168.0.199/24. You can change any address within your routers range (and is not in use). I would advise going above 192.168.0.100 as those addresses are less likely to have been already automatically assigned by your router. Also the format of your range might be slightly different to mine. Yours might be 192.168.1.199/24 for example. Please check this before assigning an address. Open a command prompt and type ‘ipconfig /all’ on your laptop/PC. Final note. Often when assigning static IP’s you do not include /24 at the end. This is a requirement of home assistant and for most users /24 will work just fine. Arrow 3 = The address of your router. Most likely 192.168.0.1 or 192.168.1.1. Again, check this using the command prompt. Arrow 4 = DNS servers. this again will be the IP address of your router unless you are using an alternate DNS method (if you are you probably don’t need this guide).
Reboot Home Assistant (not restart)
Select Settings > System
Now go to the Top right and press the power circle.
Expand Advanced options and select Reboot System.
This will reboot your home assistant with the desired IP.
Reserve the IP address in your Router
Depending on the brand of your router the interface will look and feel slightly different to one another. However, the fundamental process of reserving a static IP is fairly standard. Please see our separate guide for setting a static IP within a router. This example involves a TP-Link router.
You will now have a static IP assign to home assistant. This is a fundamental step to setting up Home Assistant and we recommend you do this before adding any devices or setting any automations within your Home Assistant environment.
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How To: Set a Static IP on Hass.io/HassOS
Thanks very much!, when the router assined to HA the IP that i want, then I fixed it with the second option that you answered me.
Ok, I have my Raspberry Pi 4 for Home Assistant together with my two NAS and a switch attached to a UPS. The IP addresses are static for all three devices and they use addresses that aren’t used by the DHCP of my router. If the power is away I still have the IP set in my Home Assistant and my two NAS to let them communicate with each other because after 10 minutes Home Assistant switches off both NAS.
Hello. Looking at your configs, I think your DHCP range is on the wrong subnet. If your gateway is 192.168.86.x, and your Subnet Mask is 255.255.255.0, you DHCP range should also be on 192.168.86.x and not 192.168.83.x.
I have a similar question. I changed the static IP of my HA and changed the IP range of my router later on (Long story) Now my HA is disconnected and I don’t know how to change the HA static IP again. Will the USB stick method work? Mine is not a new HA installation! Appreciate any help. Thanks.
You can set you computer to the old IP range and connect to HA like before. You only have to use an Ethernet cable directly between the computer and HA.
Thanks. So plugin the ethernet cable from the HA to the computer? Let me try that
That worked. Thanks.
Now I am having trouble accessing HA from outside. I have DuckDNS setup. Made all the port forwards as previously. Not sure why I can’t connect from outside!
- Plugin List
- Using nmcli to set a static IPV4 address in Hass.io
This method of setting a static IP for Hassio has been tested with a Hass.io vmdk image on an Esxi server. Log into the HASSOS base system via a console – note this is not the same as an SSH login via the add-on. Welcome to HassOS Hassio login: Login as root (no password needed)
At the hassio > prompt, type login (as instructed).
From here you will use the nmcli configuration tool.
# nmcli connection show will list the “HassOS default” connection in use.
# nmcli con edit “HassOS default” will put you in a position to edit the connection.
nmcli> print ipv4 will show you the ipv4 properties of this connection.
To add your static IP address (select ‘yes’ for manual method); nmcli> set ipv4.addresses 192.168.100.10/24 Do you also want to set 'ipv4.method' to 'manual'? [yes]: nmcli> save nmcli> exit In addition I have found it is wise to set the dns server and the local gateway. For most home routers these will be the same address. If you are using Pi-Hole you can set the dns to that. nmcli> set ipv4.dns 192.168.100.1 nmcli> set ipv4.gateway 192.168.100.1 nmcli> save nmcli> exit
If you now view the default connection cat /etc/NetworkManager/system_connections/default you should see the method is manual and the address is set.
Doing a nmcli con reload does not always work so restart the VM.
2 Responses to Using nmcli to set a static IPV4 address in Hass.io
Good article, this is useful. Thanks!
Although for a Hass.io server it might not be critical, normally I’d provide at least two DNS servers for a device to use, to potentially fall back on one if the other is down.
Could I suggest that you might update this article showing how to add multiple values to the ipv4.dns value, or with a pointer to additional docs on the nmcli tool?
One other thing, the command to leave the nmcli interactive session is quit , not exit .
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How To: Set a Static IP on Hass.io/HassOS
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How to assign a static ip address in windows 10 or windows 11.
When organizing your home network it's easier to assign each computer it's own IP address than using DHCP. Here we will take a look at doing it in XP,
What is a static ip address, assign static ip addresses via your router, how to set a static ip address in windows 11, how to set a static ip address in windows 10, how to set a static ip address in windows 7 or 8 using "network connections", set a static ip address in windows vista, set a static ip address in windows xp, key takeaways.
- To set a static IP address in Windows 10 or 11, open Settings -> Network & Internet and click Properties for your active network.
- Choose the "Edit" button next to IP assignment and change the type to Manual.
- Flip the IPv4 switch to "On", fill out your static IP details, and click Save.
Sometimes, it's better to assign a PC its own IP address rather than letting your router assign one automatically. Join us as we take a look at assigning a static IP address in Windows.
A static IP address is manually set to a permanent, fixed address rather than being assigned automatically by your router using a procotol known as Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). DHCP is a handy way for devices to connect to your network more easily, because you don't have to configure IP addressing for each new device yourself. The downside to automatic addressing is that it's possible for a device's IP address to change from time to time, which is why people choose static IPs for certain types of devices. For example:
- You have a device like a home media server that you want to be able to find using the same IP address or host name each time.
- You have certain apps that can only connect to network devices using their IP address. In particular, many older networking apps suffer this limitation.
- You forward ports through your router to devices on your network. Some routers play nice with port forwarding and dynamic IP addresses; others do not.
Whatever your reason, assigning static IP addresses to devices is not difficult, but you do have a choice to make---whether to do it from the router or on the device itself.
Related: How to Set a Static IP Address in Ubuntu
While this article covers assigning static IP addresses to PCs within Windows itself, there is another way to go about it. Many routers allow you to assign a pool of IP addresses that are handed out to specific devices (based on the device's physical, or MAC address). This method offers a couple of significant advantages:
- IP addresses are still managed by the router, meaning that you won't have to make (and keep up with) changes on each individual device.
- It's easier to assign addresses within the same IP address pool your router uses.
This article is about assigning static IP addresses directly to PCs running Windows. We've already got a great guide on How to Set Static IP Addresses On Your Router , so if that's the way you want to go, be sure to give it a read.
With all that in mind, though, let's take a look at how to assign static IP addresses within any version of Windows.
Related: How to Find Your Router's IP Address on Any Computer, Smartphone, or Tablet
To set a static IP address in Windows 11, you'll want to open Settings, go to Network & Internet, and then find the Properties for your network. Inside there you'll be able to click the Edit button for IP Assignment and then fill out the manual network details.
First, open up the Settings app and then find Network & Internet on the left-hand side. You'll be presented with a panel that shows your current network connection. You can click where it says "Properties" right underneath the network, or if you have multiple network connections you can drill down into the specific network to see the IP address details for each one . In this case it's called "Ethernet", but you will most likely see "Wi-Fi" as the option to choose.
Once you've drilled down into the network connection that you want to set a manual IP for, scroll down until you see "IP Assignment" and then click the Edit button to the right.
Once there, you'll flip the drop-down to "Manual" and switch the IPv4 switch to "On". At this point you can fill out your network details and click Save to finish.
You can also use the old-school Network Connections panel in Windows 11, so if you prefer to use that method, keep reading.
If you're interested in more advanced networking, you might need to set up a static TCP/IP route , reset the entire TCP/IP stack on Windows , check open TCP/IP ports , find your MAC address on Windows , or find your IP address from the Command Prompt . We've got you covered there too.
To set a static IP address in Windows 10, you'll need to open the Settings app and drill down to Network & Internet. From there you'll select Properties for your network, and then the Edit button next to IP Assignment where you can input a manual IP address.
First, open the Settings app and locate the Network & Internet button.
On the next screen you'll see your network status, which should show you your active network. Here you'll want to click the Properties button. If you have multiple different networks, you could select them from the left-hand menu---in our case you'll notice we have both Wi-Fi and Ethernet networks, so you'll want to pick the one that you are trying to set a manual IP address for. You'll notice this is the same method we use when we're trying to find an IP address on Windows 10 .
On the network properties screen, scroll down until you see "IP settings" and click the Edit button under "IP assignment".
In the resulting popup window, change the Edit IP settings dropdown to Manual and then flip the IPv4 switch to "On". Fill out the details, click Save, and you should be good to go.
You might need to reboot to get all of your applications to work properly, just because it's Windows.
It's worth noting that you can use the old Network Connections method to set an IP address in any version of Windows, so if you prefer that method, keep reading.
To change the computer's IP address in Windows 7, you'll need to open the "Network Connections" window. Hit Windows+R, type "ncpa.cpl" into the Run box, and then hit Enter.
In the "Network Connections" window, right-click the adapter for which you want to set a static IP address, and then select the "Properties" command.
In the properties window for the adapter, select "Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4)" and then click the "Properties" button.
Select the "Use the following IP address" option, and then type in the IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway that corresponds with your network setup. Next, type in your preferred and alternate DNS server addresses. Finally, select the "Validate settings upon exit" option so that Windows immediately checks your new IP address and corresponding information to ensure that it works. When you're ready, click the "OK" button.
And then close out of the network adapter's properties window.
Windows automatically runs network diagnostics to verify that the connection is good. If there are problems, Windows will give you the option of running the Network troubleshooting wizard. However, if you do run into trouble, the wizard likely won't do you too much good. It's better to check that your settings are valid and try again.
Changing your IP from DHCP to a Static address in Vista is similar to other versions of Windows, but getting to the correct location is a bit different. Open the Start Menu, right-click on Network, and select Properties.
The Network and Sharing Center opens...click on Manage network connections.
Right-click on the network adapter you want to assign an IP address and click Properties.
Highlight Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) then click the Properties button.
Now change the IP, Subnet mask, Default Gateway, and DNS Server Addresses. When you're finished click OK.
You'll need to close out of Local Area Connection Properties for the settings to go into effect.
Open the Command Prompt and use the
command to verify that the changes were successful.
To set a Static IP in Windows XP, right-click the "My Network Places" icon, and then select "Properties."
Right-click the adapter for which you want to set the IP, and then select "Properties" from the context menu.
Select the "Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)" entry, and then click the "Properties" button.
Select the "Use the following IP address" option. Type in the IP address, subnet mask, default gateway, and DNS server addresses you want to use. When you're finished, click the "OK" button.
You will need to close out of the adapter's properties window before the changes go into effect.
And you can verify your new settings by using the
command at the command prompt.
By and large, it's better to let most of your devices have their IP addresses assigned automatically by your router. Occasionally, though, you might want to set a static IP address for a particular device. While you can set static IP addresses directly on your devices (and this article has shown you how to do just that on Windows PCs), we still recommending setting up static IP addressing on your router if possible. It will just make life easier.
Related: How to Find Any Device's IP Address, MAC Address, and Other Network Connection Details