Pinoy Bisnes Ideas

Starting a Backyard Tilapia Production Business

  • Aqua Business

Tilapia is the second most important freshwater food in the Philippines. The most important species is the Nile Tilapia ( Tilapia Nolitica ). Tilpia grows very fast and reaches marketable weight of at least 200 grams in less than six months. A backyard fishpond for tilapia will increase family income because it is a good quality food suitable for processing into dried, smoked, or salted dried.

tilapia

II. Procedure

Fishpond Selection and Preparation

1. Select Fishpond with the following characteristics: – Clay soil to hold water – Water is accessible throughout the year and can be sourced from river, spring, deep-well, rain or tap water. It must be free from pesticide contamination and pollution. – Site is elevated for water to flow easily. – Pond size could be 30-200 sqm. initially and can be expanded. – Should not be flooded during the rainy season and has enough sunlight.

2. Level the bottom of the pond to prevent seepage. 3. Conduct pond treatment only in concrete ponds to remove the toxic effect of cement. Do this by washing, flooding, and draining the pond at least three (3) times. 4. Fertilize with organic fertilizer (chicken manure) at a rate of 1kg/sqm. 5. Fill the pond with water at an initial depth of 5-10 cm after the application of organic fertilizer for a week. This would allow the growing of algae to serve as natural feed for the fish. Growth can be observed through the greenish coloration of water. 6. Fill the pond with water to the desired level between 1m to 1.5 m 7. To ensure no fish will escape, fine-meshed wire should screen the drainage area (pipe).

1. Stock during the early morning or late in the afternoon when the water is cool to avoid the weakening of the fish. Care should be maintained. Choose pure quality stocks and do not allow them to crossbreed with other species to preserve their genetic quality.

2. Deliver the fingerlings to the pond in oxygenated plastic bags to ensure maximum survival of the fingerlings.

3. To assimilate water in plastic bags, open the plastic bags of fingerlings to float within the pond from 30 minutes to one hour. Open the plastic bags in water to allow the fingerlings to swim freely.

4. Stock the ponds of at least 6 fingerlings/sqm. The ratio is 1 male is to 3 females. Avoid to pair many male tilapias because this tends to slow down the production of fingerlings since they tend to eat their own fingerlings due to lack of feed.

Care and Maintenance

1. Feed the tilapias twice daily (morning and afternoon) in one portion of the pond. Supplement feeds with fine rice bran, bread crumbs, earthworms and others at an initial rate of 5% of the total body weight of the fish.

2. Maintain the natural fishfood by adding more fertilizer every week. Place chicken droppings in sacks and suspend in the water at every corner of the pond. Put 2.5 kg of chicken manure per bag.

3. Maintain a water depth level of 1- 1.5 meters.

4. Gradually remove excess fingerlings after the third month of stocking. Retain 6 fingerlings/sqm. Excess fingerlings can be used in the manufacture of fish meal and as ingredient for livestock and poultry needs.

5. Plant kangkong and gabi at one portion of the pond to provide shade for the fish during hot weather and to serve as growing media for natural fish food. Water lily also provides shade. However, do not totally cover the pond with plants as these will interfere with the natural food production process.

6. Prevent seepages and leakages by patching them with muds. Clear the pond dikes with weeds.

7. Plant trees and grass near the dike to avoid erosion and avoid dumping of garbage.

1. Introduce catfish to pond to control the population of small fishes for at least three months before harvest. After 4-6 months, tilapias weigh 200-400 grams and are ready for harvest.

2. Drain the pond totally and allow fish to accommodate the lowest portion in the drainage area for easy harvesting. After harvesting stock the pond again.

Sources on procedures: Sustainable Livelihood Options for the Philippines- An Information kit (Coastal Ecosystem). Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR).

Tilapia pricing and costing

IV. Registration Requirements

1. Business Name registration- DTI 2. Mayor’s Permit/ Residence Certificate and Sanitary Permit 3. Tax Identification Number- BIR

Source: dti.gov.ph

Tags: Business food growing tilapia pond Tilapia tilapia raising

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To all REGION12 including nearby Regions of Mindanao, Meron po akong truck na pwede arkilahin para sa mga isda nyo na ipapadeliver or kung ano na pwede nyo ipadeliver, kung sino man ang may fisdpond dyan pwede ko iharvest at may buyer nadin. Usap tayo. Contact number- 09165868804 Ms Marimar Arcena

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Hi im joselito de asis looking for any one that provides me business plan for tilapia ang bangus.

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are these costing numbers and sale number that you procided still accurate as of April 2018?

if not what has changed?

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Thanks for sharing your knowledge.

Ang tanong ko po,puwede bang gamitin ang tubig galing sa reject ng water refilling station para sa pag-aalaga ng tilapia?

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Hi, i am Alphonce Lyamuya from Tanzania,i like your articles concerning with tilapia fish pond,i intend to establish my own tilapia fish farm in this year.Stay blessed.

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Starting Tilapia Fish Farming Business Plan (PDF)

tilapia fish farming business plan

The growing aquaculture industry presents a golden opportunity for aspiring entrepreneurs, particularly the business of tilapia fish farming. Renowned for its hardiness and rapid growth rate, tilapia has emerged as a top choice for fish farming globally. Tilapia fish farming stands out due to its profitability. Unlike many other types of aquaculture, tilapia farming boasts relatively lower start-up and operational costs, making it accessible to a broader range of investors. The fish’s resilience to various farming conditions further reduces the risk of loss, ensuring a steady and lucrative return on investment. Moreover, tilapia’s fast growth cycle allows farmers to harvest and sell their produce quickly, leading to quicker financial returns and the ability to reinvest profits into expanding the business.

Another compelling aspect of tilapia farming is the high demand in both local and international markets. As a protein-rich, flavorful, and versatile fish, tilapia has garnered a substantial consumer base. Its popularity in diverse culinary traditions boosts its marketability, ensuring a consistent and expanding demand. This ever-growing market for tilapia opens up numerous avenues for farmers to sell their produce, from local markets to high-end restaurants and even international export. This widespread demand not only ensures a stable market but also provides opportunities for scaling the business and exploring new market territories. However, to build a profitable, sustainable tilapia fish farming business, you require sufficient knowledge of how to efficiently keep the fish, good business management skills, and a good tilapia fish farming business plan. This article will outline how to start the tilapia fish farming business, and the tilapia fish farming business plan – PDF, Word and Excel.

Market Research

Market research plays a pivotal role in laying the groundwork for a successful tilapia fish farming business. To embark on this venture with confidence, it’s essential to delve into the intricacies of the market and consumer preferences. Firstly, identifying your target market is crucial—whether it’s local consumers, restaurants, or wholesalers, knowing your audience will inform your production and marketing strategies. Understanding the demand for tilapia fish in your area is a key aspect. Analyze local and regional markets to gauge the need for tilapia products and be vigilant for any shifts in consumer preferences. Furthermore, conducting a thorough competitor analysis is imperative. Assess your competitors in the tilapia farming industry, scrutinizing their strengths, weaknesses, pricing strategies, and market share, which will empower you to differentiate your products effectively.

Compliance with regulatory requirements is paramount. Research the local and national regulations governing fish farming, including permits, licenses, and environmental considerations. Stay attuned to market trends as well, including emerging consumer preferences such as organic or sustainably sourced products, as this knowledge will help you position your farm strategically. Additionally, explore potential distribution channels, devise a competitive pricing strategy, and formulate a robust marketing plan. Your market entry strategy should align with your goals and resources, while a comprehensive risk assessment will enable you to prepare for potential challenges, ensuring a well-rounded approach to launching and managing your tilapia fish farming business.

Business Model

The business model for a tilapia fish farming venture revolves around a systematic and sustainable approach. It begins with the purchase of fingerlings, young fish, which are nurtured in ponds with a reliable water supply. Over approximately six months, the fish are carefully fed and cared for until they reach maturity. At this stage, they are harvested and sold. The revenue generated from selling the mature fish far surpasses the initial costs of acquiring fingerlings, providing feed, and covering other operational expenses. To ensure a steady income stream throughout the year, the process is repeated cyclically, often utilizing multiple ponds with fish at various growth stages. This strategic approach guarantees a consistent supply of fish and income, making tilapia fish farming a financially rewarding and sustainable business endeavor.

Land for Tilapia Fish Farming

Securing the ideal land for your tilapia fish farming venture is a pivotal decision that can significantly influence the success of your business. When evaluating potential land options, there are several key considerations to keep in mind. First and foremost is the accessibility to a reliable and sustainable water source, whether it’s a natural pond, river, well, or access to municipal water. A consistent water supply is fundamental for maintaining the necessary water quality and volume for your tilapia ponds. Assessing the topography and soil quality of the land is the next crucial step. Ideally, the land should feature flat or gently sloping terrain, facilitating easier pond construction and efficient water management. The quality of the soil is equally important, as it should be suitable for pond construction and provide a stable base for your ponds. Additionally, take into account the size and layout of the land, as it will determine the number and size of ponds you can accommodate based on your production goals. Consider the climate and environmental factors specific to your chosen location. Tilapia thrive in tropical and subtropical climates, so it’s essential to ensure that the land’s climate is conducive to tilapia farming. Factors such as temperature, rainfall patterns, and seasonal variations should be carefully evaluated. Simultaneously, investigate the legal and regulatory requirements governing fish farming in your area. Compliance with zoning regulations and obtaining necessary permits for water use and discharge is essential to avoid legal complications.

Infrastructure and accessibility are practical considerations, as the land should be easily accessible for transportation, equipment delivery, and customer access. Adequate infrastructure, including roads and utilities, is crucial for the efficient operation of your tilapia farm. Moreover, assess the security of the land to protect your fish from potential threats such as theft, predators, and disease outbreaks. Implementing robust biosecurity measures is essential to prevent the introduction of pathogens to your farm. Budgetary concerns should not be overlooked, as you need to evaluate the overall cost of acquiring and developing the land. This includes expenses related to pond construction, infrastructure development, and compliance with legal and environmental regulations. Ensure that your investment aligns with your financial resources and expected returns. Also consider future expansion plans, as your business may grow over time. Select a property that allows for scalability, either by acquiring adjacent land or ensuring there is sufficient space for additional ponds and necessary infrastructure.

Tilapia Fish Ponds

Good fish ponds are required so as to have a successful and profitable tilapia fish farming business. The costs of constructing the tilapia fish ponds should be included in the tilapia fish farming business plan.

Basic Features Every Tilapia Fish Pond Must Have

Any tilapia fish pond should have water inlet and or outlet mechanisms. They can either be channels or pipes. They must also have controls for the water i.e. its flow and level. Obviously the tilapia fish pond should have walls to keep the water in place. There must be human access channels; just basic pathways to easily access the tilapia fish pond.

Important Considerations – Land, Water And Soil

The choice of land is crucial to the construction of a pond. The land should have a gentle slope, free from flooding. It should be somewhere elevated. There must be a reliable, fresh, and clean supply of water. Tilapia fish thrive best in water with significant concentrations of dissolved oxygen. The water must be free from any sediment and chemical pollutants. That is why it is wise to run water quality tests. You have a wide range of water sources to consider from wells, boreholes, to naturally occurring water bodies such as rivers. The important thing is ensure the water is reliable, fresh, and clean. The best soil profile is considerably clay soil. If it is not, find clay to add to it in order to increase its imperviability. This plays a huge role in ensuring water seepage is as minimal as possible.

Tilapia Fish Pond Construction Overview

Tilapia fish pond construction is one of the largest startup cost when starting a tilapia fish farming business. The ponds and pond systems should be properly designed in order to be successful in the tilapia aquaculture business. Failure to properly design the fish ponds will lead to problems which include fish ponds that fail to hold water, fish ponds that break up,  fish ponds that cannot be drained completely (which leads to incomplete harvests thus poor production in future production cycles).  If the pond is designed and constructed properly, it will be easier to manage, will last for a long time and generate more profits for the tilapia fish farming business. There are key dimensions to establish before construction of tilapia fish ponds begins. These are total area the fish pond will cover plus the length and breadth of the water surface. Establish the depth of the water, also factoring in the total pond depth (at the deep end). Determine the slopes of the walls and the bottom of the pond. Establish what the height of the walls will be above water level and also the breadth of the walls. This implies you would have to sketch or draw a design first. After clearing the land space, you proceed to mark the walls and their slopes, the toes (inner and outer), and the bottom of the fish pond. Then you start carving out the pond paying attention to areas that need to be dug out or filled in. Swimming pools can also be converted into fish ponds, and this is what some fish farmers in urban areas are doing. 

Equipment For Tilapia Fish Farming

Aside from construction, equipment needs in tilapia fish farming depend on your level of automation (or not). A pumping system is needed. The size of the pond, distance from water source, and terrain affect the choice of that pumping system. You also need an aeration system (or aerators) – either by means of pulsed air or the use of mechanical agitation. Seine reels, fish graders, fish pumps, and fish elevators are also necessary. You also need basic equipment for handling and storage of the fish. Important equipment needed for a tilapia fish farm include fishing nets for harvesting the fish, fish pond heaters for maintaining the right water temperature especially during the winter, refrigerator for storing the harvested fish and pond filters for filtering the pond water. The costs of the equipment should be included in the tilapia fish farming business plan.

Fingerlings

Tilapia fish farming for meat production can be started easily using fingerlings. Fingerlings refers to fish that has reached the stage where the fins can be extended and where scales have started developing throughout the body. In this stage, the fish is typically about the size of a finger.

Types of Tilapia Fingerlings

There are 3 basic types of tilapia fingerlings to consider. These are fast growth rate, mixed growth rate, and slow growth rate fingerlings. The fast growth rate tilapia fingerlings are most recommended for commercial tilapia fish farming business. Monosex culture is best because growth rate tilapia fingerlings are mostly male. If you want to venture into aquaponics, mixed growth rate fingerlings are most ideal. Due to the heavy consumption of algae by slow growth rate fingerlings, they are considered pond cleaners.

Selecting Fingerlings

The fingerlings can either be of one sex only (male fingerlings) or of both sexes (both male and female fingerlings). Male fingerlings are suitable if you are into tilapia fish farming for meat production only.  Male tilapia grow faster as compared to female tilapia fish, thus they are best suited for meat production. You can use both male and female fingerlings if you want to also breed fish i.e. the male and females will be mating and producing eggs, which can then grow into fish.  When purchasing fingerlings, you should choose suppliers who have a good reputation in the tilapia fish farming business. The quality of the fingerlings will have an impact on the growth of your fish. The cost of purchasing fingerlings should be included in your tilapia fish farming business proposal.

Feed And Nutrition

Commercial tilapia stock feeds.

The tilapia fish require feed to grow fast and healthy. Tilapia fish feed can be in the form of pellets and crumble, and there are various suppliers of commercial fish feed available. For maximum yields and tilapia fish sizes you must use commercial formulated feeds. Fishmeal is the most recommended one though it can be pricey. Protein content in feeds for tilapia fish is paramount – should be at least 25 percent. Tilapia fish feeds can be compound feed (pelleted or extruded), bran chaff feed, oil cake feed, amphibious plant feed, cereal feed, or animal feed.

Supplementary Tilapia Feeds

When using commercial fish feed only, your feed costs will be high, and this reduces profitability of your tilapia fish farming business. You can reduce the cost of feed by supplementing the commercial fish feed with manure and fertilizers, thereby increasing profitability of your fish farming business. Manure and fertilizers are used in tilapia fish ponds so as to increase the production of the natural food organisms to be eaten by the tilapia fish. These organisms include phytoplankton, insects and zooplankton. By increasing the availability of major nutrients, fertilizers promote the developmentof planktonic algae, which provide food for the fish.  Manure used in tilapia fish ponds include chicken manure and piggery manure. The fish farming business plan for your tilapia farm should take into consideration the cost of the commercial and supplementary tilapia fish feed.

Budgeting and Financial Planning

Budgeting and financial planning are the cornerstones of a well-managed tilapia fish farming operation. To steer your business toward profitability and sustainability, it’s essential to have a clear financial roadmap that encompasses various critical aspects. First and foremost, you must consider the start-up costs associated with launching your tilapia farm. These costs encompass expenses for land acquisition, pond construction, purchasing fingerlings, equipment procurement, and obtaining necessary permits and licenses. Developing a comprehensive startup budget is the initial step in understanding the capital required to establish your business. Once your farm is operational, you’ll need to calculate ongoing operational expenses, including feed, labor, utilities, and maintenance. Accurate estimates of these costs are vital for day-to-day operations and ensuring the efficient running of your farm. Revenue projections should be established based on your anticipated fish production and pricing, taking into account market demand, pricing trends, and potential sales channels. These realistic revenue projections provide valuable insights into your income potential.

Cash flow management is essential for tracking the flow of funds into and out of your business. This systematic approach helps identify potential financial bottlenecks and ensures you have the liquidity necessary to cover expenses. Creating a contingency fund is another prudent step in financial planning, providing a safety net for unforeseen expenses or emergencies, such as disease outbreaks or equipment repairs. Financing your tilapia farming business is a crucial consideration. Whether through personal savings, loans, or investors, determine the most suitable financing strategy for your operation. If loans are part of your financing plan, ensure that you have a repayment strategy in place. Continuous monitoring of profit margins is also essential, allowing you to assess overall profitability by analyzing the balance between revenue and expenses. This analysis can identify areas where cost reductions or revenue enhancements can be made.

Maintaining accurate financial records, including income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements, is paramount. These records serve as critical tools for tracking financial performance and making informed decisions. Additionally, it’s essential to understand the tax implications of your tilapia farming business and consult with a tax professional to optimize your tax strategy, which may include deductions and credits related to agriculture. Setting long-term financial goals is crucial for your business’s growth and direction. These goals can encompass various aspects, such as expanding your farm, diversifying products, or increasing production. Lastly, regularly review and adjust your budget and financial plan as your business evolves. Market conditions, unexpected expenses, and growth opportunities may necessitate revisions to your financial strategy.

Capital for Tilapia Fish Farming Business

The amount of capital required for the tilapia fish farming business depends on the scale of the project. You can get a loan from the bank, or funding from investors, to use as capital to start your tilapia fish farming business. If you plan to raise capital from investors and a loan from the bank, you need a good fish farming business plan. If you don’t have access to investors and bank loan, you can use your personal savings and start small, and grow your business overtime. Tilapia fish farming is very profitable, so if you reinvest the profits you get, you can quickly grow. Even if you are not planning to get a loan, you should still get a tilapia fish farming business plan to guide you in starting and operating the business. It is essential for you to have a tilapia fish farming business proposal before you venture into the fish farming business, so that you know all the costs involved and you make an informed decision.

Marketing Plan

Marketing strategies are the lifeblood of your tilapia fish farming business, serving as the bridge that connects your products to your target audience. Invest in branding to create a distinct identity for your tilapia fish farm. A compelling brand logo, color scheme, and slogan can leave a lasting impression, setting you apart in the market. Ensure that you establish a prominent online presence. This includes a professional website and active engagement on social media platforms. Regularly sharing engaging content, such as articles, videos, and customer testimonials, will enhance your visibility and credibility. Customer reviews and testimonials play a crucial role in building trust. Encourage satisfied customers to leave their feedback on your website and social media platforms. Implementing promotions, discounts, or loyalty programs can incentivize repeat purchases and attract new customers.

Design eye-catching flyers or brochures that highlight the benefits of your tilapia products, your farm’s sustainable practices, and any special promotions or discounts. Distribute these materials at local farmers’ markets, community events, and other places where potential customers gather. A well-designed flyer can pique the interest of passersby and encourage them to visit your farm or seek out your products, making it a tangible and memorable way to market your business. Word of mouth remains a powerful marketing tool in any industry, and it’s particularly relevant in the world of tilapia fish farming. Encourage your satisfied customers to become brand ambassadors by sharing their positive experiences with friends and family. Consider implementing a referral program that rewards existing customers for referring new ones. Additionally, host open-house events or farm tours where visitors can see your tilapia farming practices firsthand. These personal interactions can leave a lasting impression and generate positive word of mouth, expanding your customer base through trusted recommendations.

Market for Tilapia Fish

Tilapia Fish Farming Business Plan PDF

The market for tilapia fish is very huge and is ever increasing. The annual global demand of tilapia fish is over 6 million tonnes. That’s a lot! Local consumers in your immediate area represent a primary audience for your tilapia products. These residents and households often seek fresh, locally sourced seafood. Establishing relationships with local restaurants, butcheries, caterers, and food service providers is also crucial. These businesses frequently require a steady supply of high-quality seafood to meet their menu demands, presenting an excellent opportunity for collaboration. Wholesalers and retailers in your region should not be overlooked. Partnering with these entities can help you expand your reach, reaching a broader market through grocery stores, seafood markets, and distribution networks. Ethnic markets and communities with a strong culinary tradition of using tilapia can be specifically targeted, tailoring your marketing efforts to cater to their preferences.

Additionally, appeal to health-conscious consumers who prioritize lean and protein-rich foods, highlighting the nutritional benefits of tilapia. Position your tilapia farm as a sustainable and environmentally responsible choice to attract those who are passionate about supporting eco-friendly businesses. Explore opportunities to supply educational institutions such as schools, colleges, and universities, as they often value sustainable and nutritious food options. Leveraging direct-to-consumer sales, whether through local farmers’ markets, online platforms, or on-farm events, can also help you connect with consumers seeking to buy directly from the source. In addition, if your farm is situated in a tourist-heavy area, consider marketing your tilapia products to visitors interested in experiencing local flavors and sustainable food options during their stay. Participating in local food festivals, seafood expos, and special events can further showcase your tilapia products and connect with potential customers who have a particular interest in seafood. Understanding this diverse range of potential customers will enable you to tailor your marketing, distribution, and production strategies to maximize your success in the competitive seafood market.

One additional lucrative aspect to consider when identifying potential customers for your tilapia fish farming business is the opportunity to export your products. Expanding beyond local and regional markets to international markets can open up a world of possibilities. By meeting the quality and regulatory standards required for export, you can tap into global demand for tilapia products, potentially reaching a broader and more diverse customer base. This avenue can significantly enhance your business’s growth potential and revenue streams, making it a promising avenue for those looking to scale their tilapia farming operations. The largest importers of tilapia fish are the United States, China, Mexico, Japan and the European Union. Many African and Asian countries also import tilapia fish.

Pre-Written Tilapia Fish Farming Business Plan  (PDF, Word And Excel): Comprehensive Version, Short Funding/Bank Loan Version and Automated Financial Statements

For an in-depth analysis of the tilapia fish farming business, we encourage you to purchase our well-researched and comprehensive tilapia fish farming business plan. We introduced the business plans after discovering that many were venturing into the tilapia fish production business without enough knowledge and understanding of how to run the fish farming business, how to keep the fish, lack of understanding of the financial side of the business, lack of understanding of : the industry, the risks involved , costs and profitability of the business; which often leads to disastrous losses.

The StartupBiz Global fish farming business plan will make it easier for you to launch and run your tilapia fish farming business successfully, fully knowing what you are going into, and what’s needed to succeed in the business. It will be easier to plan and budget as you will be aware of all the costs involved in setting up and running the tilapia fish farming business.

Uses of the Tilapia Fish Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

The fish farming business plan can be used for many purposes including:

  • Raising capital from investors/friends/relatives
  • Applying for a bank loan
  • Start-up guide to launch your fish farming business
  • As a tilapia fish farming business proposal
  • Assessing profitability of the tilapia fish farming business
  • Finding a business partner
  • Assessing the initial start-up costs so that you know how much to save
  • Manual for current business owners to help in business and strategy formulation

Contents of the Fish Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

The tilapia fish farming business plan include, but not limited to:

  • Marketing Strategy
  • Financial Statements (monthly cash flow projections, income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs, financial graphs, revenue and expenses, Bank Loan Amortization)
  • Risk Analysis
  • Industry Analysis
  • Market Analysis
  • SWOT & PEST Analysis
  • Operational Requirements (Including technical aspects of how to keep the fish, feed requirements etc)
  • Operational Strategy
  • Why some people in fish farming business fail, so that you can avoid their mistakes
  • Ways to raise capital to start your tilapia fish farming business

The Pre-written tilapia fish farming business plan package consists of 4 files

  • Tilapia Fish Farming Business Plan – PDF file (Comprehensive Version – 82 Pages)
  • Tilapia Fish Farming Business Plan – Editable Word File (Comprehensive Version – 82 Pages)
  • Tilapia Fish Farming Business Plan Funding/Bank Loan Version- Editable Word File (Short version for applying for a loan/funding – 40 pages)
  • Tilapia Fish Farming Business Plan Automated Financial Statements – (Editable Excel File)

The business plan can be used in any country and can be easily edited. The financial statements are automated. This implies that you can change eg the number of fish, selling price of the fish etc, and all the other financial statements will automatically adjust to reflect the change.

Click below to download the Contents Page of the Tilapia Fish Farming Business Plan (PDF)

Tilapia Fish Farming Business Proposal

Testimonial 8

Just wanted to say I am very happy with the business plan and I will gladly recommend your products, thank you very much and have a great day.

Testimonial 5

I was able to understand the business side of farming because of your business plan. You did extensive research; the business plan was well prepared and fully detailed.  It made everything clear, and I have somewhere to start now. I am confident that I am going to succeed in my business because of the guidance from your business plan.

Testimonial 1

StartupBiz Global provided a very professional and comprehensive business plan which I used for my business. The business plan was easy to edit, and I was able to get the funding which I wanted. I highly recommend their business plans.

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Get the Tilapia Fish Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

Click Buy Now  below to purchase using Paypal, Credit Card, or Debit Card. After you have purchased, you will immediately see the download link for the business plan package on the screen. You will also immediately get an email with the business plan download link. The Pre-written business plan package (PDF, Word, and Excel) costs $30 only!

Tilapia Fish Farming Business Plan

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Tilapia Farming in the Philippines: Cost & Profit 2023

Tilapia farming has become a significant and expanding industry in the Philippines, contributing 20% to the growth of the country's aquaculture sector. As you venture into this promising business in 2023, it's essential to understand the costs and potential profits involved in tilapia farming.

In the Philippines, tilapia is grown on approximately 14,500 ha of freshwater, producing an average yield of 5.61 mt/ha for both export and import. To enhance your profit margin, consider the costs within a 100-sqm concrete pond, account for an average weight of 200–250 grams per tilapia, and manage production volume.

To succeed in this venture, you will need to focus on efficient farming practices, proper hatchery management, and an effective marketing strategy. Let's examine the details below.

  • You can accumulate a net income of PHP 700,000 to PHP 1,300,000 per year when selling tilapia in the Philippines.
  • Exploring value-added products like tilanggit can improve your overall profitability in tilapia farming.
  • It's essential to adopt sustainable farming practices such as integrated aquaculture systems, polyculture, and energy-efficient technologies.
  • Choose tilapia feeds made from natural and organic ingredients and free from synthetic additives and growth hormones.

tilapia business plan philippines

On this page:

  • Costs of Tilapia Farming in the Philippines
  • Profit Analysis for Tilapia Farming
  • Adopt Sustainable Tilapia Farming Practices

The main cost component of tilapia farming is feed, which comprises about 72% of the total variable cost of production for intensive tilapia farming. Other expenses include fingerlings, labor, diesel, water, fertilizer, and chemicals.

Overall, the total cost of setting up and running a tilapia farm in the Philippines can range from PHP 500,000 to PHP 1,000,000 per hectare. Here's a table of the major costs of a tilapia farm in the Philippines.

tilapia business plan philippines

How To Start a Small Fish Farm? (Cost, Setup, Species)

Start-up costs of a tilapia farm.

To start your own tilapia farm, you need some initial investment. Here are some of the main costs you'll need to consider:

  • Pond construction or leasing : Whether you decide to construct a new pond or lease an existing one, it can be a significant initial cost. Make sure to choose a suitable location in terms of water supply and quality, as well as accessibility for transportation and management.
  • Hatchery setup : To ensure a reliable and high-quality supply of fingerlings, you may need to set up your own hatchery . This includes the purchase of broodstock, the construction of spawning tanks, and setting up an appropriate egg incubation system.
  • Fingerlings : The purchase of fingerlings for stocking your ponds is a considerable initial expense. Make sure to buy from a reputable supplier to ensure the health and quality of your stock.

Operational expenses to keep your farm running

There are ongoing operational expenses that you will need to consider, including:

  • Labor : This includes your own work as well as that of any hired help for tasks such as feeding, maintenance, and harvesting. The cost of family labor might also have to be considered.
  • Fuel and electricity : Fuel is required for gear and equipment, while electricity is needed for proper aeration, lighting, and other related activities within the farm.
  • Government permits and fees : Acquiring necessary permits and paying fees for water usage, waste management, and other regulatory requirements is essential for your tilapia farm operations.

Feed and maintenance costs for your farm

Feed and maintenance costs are crucial to keeping your tilapia farm running smoothly:

  • Feed : Tilapia require a nutritionally balanced diet for optimal growth. The cost of feed varies depending on the formulation you choose, but it usually makes up a significant portion of your expenses.
  • Maintenance : Keeping your ponds clean and well-maintained helps ensure a healthy tilapia population. This includes expenses related to regular cleaning, water treatment, and the repair of infrastructure.

tilapia business plan philippines

You can accumulate revenue ranging from PHP 700,000 to PHP 1,300,000 per year when selling tilapia in the Philippines.

To be successful in tilapia farming in the Philippines, you have to keep updated with the current market prices, work actively to achieve a favorable return on investment, and adapt to any emerging risk factors within the industry.

Market price of tilapia

The retail price for tilapia is at 177.500 PHP/kg in April 2023.

In 2022, the average domestic wholesale price of tilapia in the Philippines was around 106.95 Philippine pesos per kilogram, reflecting an increase of about 4.45 Philippine pesos from previous records. Market prices are subject to change. It's essential to keep an eye on current trends to adapt your tilapia farming business accordingly.

You can calculate the breakeven point based on the costs above and the current market price of tilapia at PHP 177.50 per kg. Let's assume that the total cost per kilogram of tilapia produced is PHP 120. Therefore, the breakeven point can be calculated as follows:

Breakeven point = Total cost / Selling price per kilogram Breakeven point = PHP 120 / PHP 177.50 = 0.68 kilograms of tilapia

In this example, the tilapia farm needs to produce and sell at least 0.68 kilograms of tilapia to cover its total cost and break even.

Return on investment for farming tilapia

To assess the returns on your tilapia farming investments, consider the following factors:

  • Analysis of your production costs, including expenditures incurred in transporting farm inputs to the production sites.
  • The competitive advantage of tilapia production in the Philippines, which can sustain as long as the average tilapia yield, recorded at 5.61mt/ha, does not drop significantly, or the domestic cost does not rise considerably.

One successful enterprise, the VCSFA association, recorded PHP 309,625 gross income from tilanggit (small size tilapia with an average body weight of 50g/pc, dried and packed) with a high market price of PHP 1,000/kg. Exploring value-added products like tilanggit can improve your overall profitability in tilapia farming.

Risk factors that affect your tilapia farm

In tilapia farming, be aware of potential risk factors that may impact your profits:

  • Unexpected price fluctuations in the market, which can affect your selling price.
  • Possible declines in the average tilapia yield, affecting your volume of production.
  • Changes in governmental policies or regulations related to tilapia farming.

These sustainable tilapia farming practices will help ensure the long-term success of your farm while minimizing its impact on the environment. In this section, we'll discuss some environmentally friendly techniques and the use of organic inputs.

Environmentally friendly techniques for farming tilapia

tilapia business plan philippines

You can greatly reduce the negative impacts on the environment and improve the efficiency of your operation by implementing environmentally friendly techniques on your tilapia farm. Some effective techniques to consider are:

  • Integrated aquaculture systems : These systems promote efficient use of resources by combining tilapia farming with other forms of agriculture, such as rice or vegetable farming. This integrated approach helps recycle nutrients and reduce waste.
  • Polyculture : By cultivating multiple fish species in the same pond, you can enhance the ecological balance and reduce the risk of disease outbreaks. For example, combining tilapia with other compatible species like milkfish or shrimp can improve overall pond health.
  • Proper pond design and management : Build your ponds with an appropriate size, depth, and slope to encourage oxygen exchange and maintain water quality. Regular water quality monitoring, pond cleaning, and proper stocking density contribute to a healthier environment for your tilapia.
  • Water recycling : Implement systems that allow you to reuse and treat water, reducing water consumption and minimizing the discharge of pollutants.
  • Energy-efficient technologies : Utilize energy-saving equipment for aeration, water circulation, and other processes to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.

Organic inputs for your tilapia farm

To further promote sustainability, consider using organic inputs in your tilapia farming operations:

  • Organic feeds : Opt for feeds made from natural and organic ingredients, free from synthetic additives and growth hormones. This not only benefits the health of your tilapia but also reduces the accumulation of harmful substances in the environment.
  • Organic fertilizers : Apply organic fertilizers, such as animal manure or compost, to provide essential nutrients for your tilapia and support the growth of natural food sources like plankton. This can help minimize the use of chemical fertilizers that may harm the environment and fish health.

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Industry Strategic Science and Technology Plans (ISPs) Platform

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PCAARRD's Industry Strategic Science and Technology Plans

tilapia business plan philippines

  • Policies and Programs
  • Farm Gate Price
  • Retail Price
  • Wholesale Price

ISP for Tilapia

The interventions under the ISP will help ensure the steady supply of quality fingerlings from government and private hatcheries, increase the production capacities of existing culture systems through the use of detection kits and oral fish vaccines and help expand the tilapia culture in brackish water systems.  The target outcomes are:

For Freshwater Tilapia

  • Increased the survival rate in grow-out culture of freshwater tilapia in typical farm
  • Established certified freshwater tilapia hatcheries in Luzon areas

For Saline Tilapia

  • Increased survival rate of saline tilapia strains in brackishwater ponds
  • Saline tilapia culture in estuarine mangrove environment
  • Established certified brackishwater tilapia hatcheries in Visayas and Mindanao areas

Strategic R&D

Strategic r&d is dost-pcaarrd’s banner program comprising all r&d activities that are intended to generate outputs geared towards maximum economic and social benefits.

tilapia business plan philippines

Utilization of Marine Diatoms as Dietary Additives to Enhance the Omega-3 Fatty Acid Profile of Seawater Strain Tilapia Nilotica

The University of the Philippines through the leadership of Prof. Fredson Huervana initiated the on-going project which started in the...

tilapia business plan philippines

Oreochromis niloticus ">Use of Coconut Oil as Dietary supplement to promote growth and improve health of cultured saline-tolerant strain of Oreochromis niloticus

The University of the Philippines through the leadership of Dr. Carmello del Castillo initiated the on-going project which started in...

tilapia business plan philippines

Use of Nano (Zeolite-Silica) composite for the Removal of Pollutants from Water and Soil for Freshwater Tilapia Aquaculture Production

The Central Luzon State University through the leadership of Dr. Juvy J. Monserate developed the Zeolite-silica Nanocomposite (ZNC) technology. The...

tilapia business plan philippines

Use of Colloidal Gold Nanoparticles (AuNPs) Immune Assay for the Rapid Detection of Bacterial Pathogens in Freshwater Tilapia Aquaculture

Among the various disease-causing pathogens, bacterial pathogens are the major cause of infections and disease problems in wild fish and...

tilapia business plan philippines

Pilot Scale Application of Aquashade to Reduce Water Temperature and Enhance Seed Production in Hatchery Systems for Tilapia

The Central Luzon State University through the leadership of Dr. Emmanuel M. Vera Cruz developed the aquashade for the tilapia...

Technologies

Products, equipment, and protocols or process innovations developed to improve productivity, efficiency, quality, and profitability in the agriculture and aquatic industries, and to achieve sustainable utilization and management of natural resources.

tilapia business plan philippines

Innovations for Higher Tilapia Production

Hot temperatures, particularly during El Nino episodes can lower fry production in hatcheries   by reducing the frequency of spawning and egg   production. To ensure year-round fry production, the...

tilapia business plan philippines

The Zeolite-silica nanocomposite

The Zeolite-silica nanocomposite (ZNC) is a novel material synthesized and fully characterized at the CLSU Nanotechnology R & D Facility. ZNC can be utilized as soil and water conditioner for...

tilapia business plan philippines

Aeromonas hydrophila and Enterococcus faecalis ">The DNA-based detection kits for Aeromonas hydrophila and Enterococcus faecalis

It is accurate, faster, user-friendly and convenient diagnosis using the developed detection kit, compared to the time consuming and lesser user-friendly conventional diagnosis.  Farmers themselves can now be fully equipped...

Technology Transfer Initiatives

Technology transfer initiatives ensure that the outputs of r&d and innovations are transformed into viable and applicable technologies that help intended users.

tilapia business plan philippines

Promotion of Aquashade Technology in Luzon to Increase Nile Tilapia Seed Production During Warm Months

This project will involve an interdisciplinary team who will work for wider adoption of the technology in Luzon where most of the tilapia hatcheries are located. The dissemination of technology...

tilapia business plan philippines

Enhancing the Agri-Aqua Food Value Chain through Smart Technologies and Partnerships towards Food Resiliency in the New Normal in Region 3

This project focuses on enhancing the food value chain for Tilapia in Region 3. Second to milkfish, tilapia is the most cultured freshwater fish in the country. Based on the...

Capacity Building

Capacity building efforts of dost-pcaarrd seek to develop and enhance the r&d capabilities of researchers and academic or research institutions through graduate assistantships & non-degree trainings and development and/or upgrading of research facilities, infrastructure development.

tilapia business plan philippines

Manpower Development

tilapia business plan philippines

Policy Research & Advocacy

Analysis of policy concerns and advocacy of science-informed policies ensures that the aanr policy environment is conducive for s&t development and investments.

tilapia business plan philippines

Competitiveness of Philippine Tilapia Industry under the ASEAN Economic Community

Tilapia production in the Philippines was found to be highly competitive in both export trade and import substitution scenarios. As long as the average tilapia yield, which is recorded to be 5.61mt/ha, does not drop to 2.22 mt/ha or domestic cost will not increase by 199%, sustaining the country’s Tilapia competitiveness is likely possible. However, further initiatives on increasing Tilapia yield in the Philippines would still be necessary to sustain and enhance the good performance of the industry.

Manalo, N. Q. and Dorado, R. A. (2017). ASEAN Economic Community: Opportunities and Challenges for the Fishery Sector. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines: Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development – (Project Report)

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Philippine Tilapia Industry Roadmap 2022-2025

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Tilapia production and fish pond farming in the philippines.

  • Aquaculture

tilapia business plan philippines

Tilapia is the second most important freshwater food in the Philippines. Tilapia production fish pens are commonly found in almost all the major rivers and lakes in the country, including Laguna de Bay in Laguna, Taal Lake in Batangas, and Lake Buhi in Camarines Sur. Locally, tilapia is also known as “pla-pla”. The most important species is the Nile (Tilapia nilotica). Tilapia grows very fast and reaches a marketable weight of at least 200 grams in less than six months. A backyard fishpond for tilapia will increase family income as it’s a good quality food suitable for processing into dried, smoked, or salted dried. In the dining table , culinary uses of tilapia includes fried, grilled, sinigang (a sour soup using tamarind, guava, calamansi or other natural ingredients as a base), paksiw (similar to sinigang, only it uses vinegar) and many other recipes.

tilapia production

Table of Contents

Tilapia Production Fishpond Selection and Preparation

  • Clay soil to hold water.
  • Water is accessible throughout the year and can be sourced from river, spring, deep well, rain or tap water.
  • It must be free from pesticide contamination and pollution.
  • The site is elevated for water to flow easily.
  • Pond size could be 30-200 sqm. initially and can be expanded as the fish population increases.
  • Level the bottom of the pond to prevent seepage.
  • Conduct pond treatment only in concrete ponds to remove the toxic effect of cement. Do this by washing, flooding, and draining the pond at least three (3) times.
  • Fertilize with organic fertilizer (chicken manure) at a rate of 1kg/sqm.
  • Fill the pond with water at an initial depth of 5-10cm after the application of organic fertilizer for a week. This would allow the growth of algae to serve as natural feed for the fish . Growth can be observed through the greenish coloration of water.
  • Fill the pond with water to the desired level between 1 m to 1.5 m.
  • To ensure no fish will escape, fine-meshed wire should screen the drainage area (pipe).

Fish stocking

  • Stock during the early morning or late in the afternoon when the water is cool to avoid the weakening of the fish. Care should be maintained. Choose pure quality stocks and do not allow them to crossbreed with other species to preserve their genetic quality.
  • Deliver the fingerlings to the pond in oxygenated plastic bags to ensure maximum survival of the fingerlings.
  • To assimilate water in plastic bags, open the plastic bags of fingerlings to float within the pond from 30 minutes to one hour. Open the plastic bags in water to allow the fingerlings to swim freely.
  • Stock the ponds of at least 6 fingerlings/sqm. The ratio is 1 male is to 3 females. Avoid pairing many male tilapias because this tends to slow down the production of fingerlings since they tend to eat their fingerlings due to lack of feed.

Care and Maintenance

  • Feed the tilapias twice daily (morning and afternoon) in one portion of the pond. Supplement feeds with fine rice bran, bread crumbs, earthworms, and others at an initial rate of 5% of the total body weight of the fish.
  • Maintain natural fish food by adding more fertilizer every week. Place chicken droppings in sacks and suspend in the water at every corner of the pond. Put 2.5 kg of chicken manure per bag.
  • Maintain a water depth level of 1-1.5 meters.
  • Gradually remove excess fingerlings after the third month of stocking. Retain 6 fingerlings/sqm. Excess fingerlings can be used in the manufacture of fish meal and as an ingredient for livestock and poultry needs.
  • Plant kangkong and gabi at one portion of the pond to provide shade for the fish during hot weather and to serve as growing media for natural fish food. Water lily also provides shade. However, do not cover the pond with plants as these will interfere with the natural food production process.
  • Prevent seepages and leakages by patching them with muds. Clear the pond dikes with weeds.
  • Plant trees and grass near the dike to avoid erosion and avoid dumping of garbage.

Fish harvesting

  • Introduce catfish to the pond to control the population of small fishes for at least three months before harvest. After 4-6 months, tilapias weigh 200-400 grams and are ready for harvest.
  • Drain the pond totally and allow fish to accommodate the lowest portion in the drainage area for easy harvesting. After harvesting, stock the pond again.

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Sample Tilapia Farming Business Plan

Tilapia fish farming business plan pdf sample.

Tilapia fishes are easy to grow as they are firm warm water fishes. If you want to start tilapia farming for either domestic or commercial purposes, this post would give a basic overview of the process.

Firstly, put the intention of starting a tilapia farming business into consideration. Your business intention would actuate its planning and strategy.

Do you want to start a tilapia farm which will be a profit based business or to raise tilapia fishes mainly as a source of food for relatives? Or start a tilapia farming business on a small scale before advancing to a larger business later on?

Here is a sample business plan for starting a Tilapia farm.

  • Are your resources sufficient?

Inspect the available resources. A tilapia fish has five primary needs, food, water, oxygen, fresh water and space to move around. If you do not have a place to house tilapia fishes, you will need a pond or stream, but if you cannot acquire that, a tilapia fish is a fresh water fish and can also be grown in tap water.

When filling up the pond to start a tilapia farm, it is important to take note of the temperature of the water as a tilapia fish would not thrive in water below 68 decrees.

  • Business Formation

It is very important that you make inquiry on regulations regarding tilapia farming from the authorities of your state because each state may have a different regulation on possessing tilapia fish even if you wish to farm these fishes for personal consumption.

If your tilapia farm is profit based, you will need to set up a business. You can decide on either a sole-proprietorship, partnership, a corporation or Limited Liability Company. Whichever structure you choose has its distinctive characteristics.

For you to start tilapia farming business, the state may also request a commercial license and a few other permits before you will be permitted to run your business.

  • Develop a Tilapia Farming Business Plan

Establish a business plan for your tilapia farm , this plan may not necessarily be a formally documented plan and financials, but it should show how you intend to raise tilapia and run the business.

These should be considered in your plan;

  • How Strong is your Knowledge on Tilapia Farming?

To start tilapia farming, you will need to have an understanding of tilapia raring to an extent. You can read books, attend lectures on tilapia farming or seek advice from an expert.

  • What Amount of Money is Available to you to Start the Farm?

The budget of your project would determine the materials and location you would use for your tilapia farming.

Plan the method in which you want to maintain your tilapia fish, what will you feed the fishes and how will you supply the food? You will also have to maintain the oxygen level, carbon dioxide, pH and nitrogen in the water.

  • What Hatching System have you Decided On?

How do you supply fish when they’re ready for harvest? Would you supply to the local market or do you want to start a tilapia farm mainly for domestic consumption?

  • Set up your Tilapia Farm

Tilapia farming can be carried out in various environments. You will need to decide the system of farming to start your tilapia business. You may have a pond, cage, raceway or tank.

Using a pond to start a tilapia farm is the easiest in terms of cost and accessibility, while a tank or cage would require you to purchase most of the tilapia farming equipment. However, when using a tank for tilapia farming the water should be conditioned for a while before fishes are let in because there’s no recirculation of water in a tank.

Find a good dealer in your locale whom you will purchase tilapia fingerlings from. After purchasing, you will need to allow the fingerlings adapt to the water condition of the farming environment.

  • Growing and Harvesting Tilapia Fish

Maintain the feeding and environmental condition of your tilapia farm to yield properly developed fishes, research on the best growth condition suitable for tilapia fishes. Mostly, tilapia fishes are grown in a temperature of 80-100° F, become weak at 60°F and die at 50°F. They also require a pH of 7-7.5, zero chlorine, 5-7ppm of dissolved oxygen and free ammonia.

When your tilapia fishes are fully developed, you may harvest the fruit of your labor either as protein supply for domestic purposes or as a source of income.  If you have decided on the later, get your fishes to a properly functioning market and sell.

The key to a successful tilapia farming is proper setting up.  Ensure everything is in place to start a tilapia farm before you proceed.

TILAPIA FISH FARMING BUSINESS PLAN EXAMPLE

When starting a fishery business, people choose or select their preferred breed or type. In view of this, this article will discuss one of such.

Our tilapia farming business plan sample helps guide you through the entire process of setting up a workable plan. By reading this, chances are that you are interested in starting one. If so, we hope that you will find this extremely useful

Executive Summary

Fresh Fish Farm Inc. is a Tilapia focused fish farming business. Our farm will be located in the outskirts of Charlotte, North Carolina. Our business consists of professionals in the fish farming business with decades of experience behind them. Fresh Fish Farms Inc. is the brainchild of its founder Scott Martins who himself has worked extensively in the fishery industry with 30 years of experience.

There has been a rise in demand for fish products over the years. This is because fishing alone cannot guarantee sufficient supplies. We are venturing out to make a difference in the fish farming industry with focus on Tilapia due to its high demand.

  • Products and Services

Our products consist primarily of Tilapia fish. We have focused or chosen this niche due to its high demand among consumers. We have the expertise to enhance production on a commercial scale. Our other services include providing advisory as well as consultancy services and training. These will be provided to interested businesses or individuals.

  • Vision Statement

Our vision at Fresh Fish Farm Inc. is to have a Tilapia fish farm that caters to the needs of consumers. Industry best practices will be adopted in rearing our Tilapia fish. Also, our top notch training in addition to our consultancy services will be among the best in the industry. We have taken the pains to ensure that we have quality manpower and resources to offer unbeatable products and services.

  • Mission Statement

We at Fresh Fish Farm are not only driven by profits. We seek to give our patrons value for money spent. We seek to create a reputable brand that will be renowned for quality fish products. Our trainings too will not be left out as we provide services that that are second to none.

In order to run a successful fish farming business, funding should not come as a hindrance. We have recognized this and seek to raise sufficient funding for its takeoff. To source the required funds, we will be applying for a credit facility. We have kick started the process with 2 major financial institutions that will lend us the sum of $2,000,000.00. This will come at a 1.5% quarterly interest rate.

  • SWOT Analysis

No serious business will launch without having an overview of what its chances are. We have been cautious enough to hire the services of a reputable business consulting firm. A measurement of important aspects of doing business was done.  The results show the following;

Every business has its areas of strength. We have identified ours to be our composition. Composition in this sense simply means the quality of our workforce. We have embarked on a painstaking process to ensure that we select personnel that will add value to our business. These are people with decades of experience in different fields of fish farming related specializations.

We have big plans of becoming a major tilapia farming business. However, our current size serves as a limitation.

This is not a major problem because we have put in place definite plans that will lead to the expansion of our farming enterprise in the shortest time possible.

  • Opportunities

As more people avoid red meat as a source of protein due to health reasons, fish consumption continues to get a boost. This is good for our business. In North Carolina which is our immediate target, demand for tilapia is highest.

This is a huge opportunity to launch our business as more people prefer our products to others (beef).

There have been recent concerns about plastics finding its way into our food chain. These concerns are backed by research. Fishes are known to sometimes feed on plastics. Although this does not affect our tilapia fish farming directly, this negative report could lead to a decline in demand for fish products.

  • Financial Projection

There is generally a positive outlook on the potentials (profitability) for a tilapia fish farm. This sentiment is rightfully so due to its attractiveness to both would-be investors as well as consumers. In view of this, we have done a brief research to ascertain its level of profitability. The results have come out positive and show three-year growth trend;

  • First Financial Year $600,000.00
  • Second Financial Year $1,200,000.00
  • Third Financial Year $3, 000,000.00
  • Marketing Strategies

It is not enough to rear/produce quality food products; you have to consider how to distribute these products. We have identified the major distribution channels and entered into partnerships with these distributors. These consist of end sellers as well as large scale distributors. In addition to these, we will also sell directly to consumers.

  • Competitive Advantage

There are several other competitors in this line of business. However our focus on a particular type of fish enables us channel our expertise. It also enhances our production output as the quality of our tilapia fish products is unbeatable.

By doing this, we have established ourselves as experts in the field. Studies have shown that distributors prefer doing business with our type of business.

Have you found this article useful? We bet you did. You do not need to complicate things when writing a plan. All you need to do is identify the relevant sections and roll out your plans accordingly.

This tilapia farming business plan sample provides you with something to work with. You may also need to seek legal help when writing a business plan.

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Introduction to Tilapia Fish Farming :

Fish is one of the species that is being farmed for centuries. Due to natural resources, fish became the best and cheapest animal protein consumed worldwide. Tilapia are mainly freshwater fish inhabiting shallow streams, ponds, rivers, and lakes, However, due to over-exploitation and pollution, the availability of fish in natural waters has declined considerably and this made to think of alternate methods of growing fish. Due to increasing fish meat consumption and growing demand day by day, artificial or controlled environments gaining popularity for fish production. Fish farmers can choose ponds, tanks or any new water body to take up the fish culture. This can improve the financial position of a farmer and create local employment for skilled as well as non-skilled people. Commercial Tilapia fish farming is becoming popular day by day as demand growth for this fish in Asia. Basically, Tilapia is the second most farmed fish in the world. In countries like China, Egypt, Philippines, Brazil, Thailand, and Bangladesh Tilapia fish contributed substantially to the Food Security. The world aquaculture production of Tilapia fish is 4.2 million tonnes with an estimated value of around 3 to $ 3.5 billion. India has very limited commercial farming of Tilapia fish. “Oreochromis niloticus” is the scientific name of Tilapia fish.

When it comes to the potential of Tilapia fish farming, generally, low-lying areas with water stagnation are suitable for agricultural activities. These type areas can be converted into ponds for raising the fish. Mono sex Tilapia is beneficial as they grow at a faster pace and with uniform size. The genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) enhanced market potential as it is scientifically proved to be superior to freshwater carps and would be an ideal fish culture in Asian countries. Tilapia fish is among the easiest and most profitable fish to farm due to their omnivorous diet, mode of reproduction. Tilapia fish farming in tanks or channels is considered safe for the environment since their waste and disease is contained and not spread to the wild.

Top Tilapia Fish Production Countries:

The following are top producing countries of Tilapia fish.

  • Philippines.
  • Bangladesh.
  • Costa Rica.

Nile Tilapia, Blue Tilapia, and Mozambique Tilapia.

The following are the Tilapia fish health benefits.

  • Tilapia fish is a good source of protein.
  • Tilapia fish is good for bone health.
  • Tilapia fish may prevent prostate cancer.
  • Tilapia fish is good for the immune system and thyroid function.
  • Tilapia fish is good for brain health.
  • Tilapia fish is good for weight loss:
  • Tilapia fish prevents premature aging
  • Tilapia is a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids, hence good for the heart.

Caution: People who are prone to or having allergies or on any other medication or pregnant, consult your doctor before consuming fish.

Tilapia Fish Description.

  The following are the benefits and advantages of Tilapia fish farming.

  • The best part of Tilapia fish is fast growth.
  • Tilapia fish has excellent demand in both local and international markets .
  • Tilapia fish prefers all kinds of supplementary feeds.
  • Tilapia fish can be profitably cultured in seasonal ponds.
  • Tilapia fish can be cultured at high stocking densities in ponds or local waters.
  • Tilapia fish has high disease resistance ability.
  • Tilapia fish can be raised in saline water as well where salinity is between 12 – 16 ppt.
  • Tilapia fish farmers can achieve good profits with a proper fish farming business plan.  

Tilapia Fish Farming – Selection of Pond:

Selection of pond plays a major role in successful Tilapia fish farming. Select the pond or tank with a minimum water depth of 1.5 to 2 meter. Make sure that the water level never falls down below 1 meter. The main criterion to be kept in mind is that the selected pond soil should be water retentive and sufficient water supply is assured. Avoid flood-prone areas, industrial areas, and chemically impacted soils. If you are selecting old ponds, they can be renovated for fish culture by dewatering, repairing of the embankments and provision of inlet and outlet. In either case of ponds (new or old), the following should be done for the development of the pond.

  • Excavation/Digging of new ponds should be carried out.
  • In case of existing shallow ponds, deepen the shallow ponds.
  • Desilting of existing ponds should be carried out.
  • Impoundment of marginal areas of water bodies should be carried out.
  • Construction of Inlets / Outlets should be carried out.
  • Construction/repairs of embankments should be carried out.
  • Construct/ repair any civil structures, watchmen rooms, water supply arrangements/electricity supply.  

Tilapia Fish Pond with Fence.

Biosecurity measures should be in place to ensure no escape of the Tilapia fish or biological material from the farm/pond to the other water source. The following important biosecurity measures should be taken care of safe Tilapia fish culture.

  • Outlet water from fish ponds must be screened and treated before released into drains/canals/rivers during culture practice or subsequent to harvesting in order to prevent the escape of fish eggs into natural water bodies.
  • Provide bird scaring device/fencing securing the pond.
  • Make sure that the bund height is high enough to avoid fish escape from the pond.
  • Arrange sluice gates with appropriate mesh size to prevent the escape of fish, eggs, and fry.
  • In case of flooding, make sure to secure the pond so that the fish or fry will not escape from the pond to another water source.  

Read: How To Start A Sheep Farming In Bangladesh .

Tilapia Fish Pond Management:

Pond management plays a critical role before and after stocking the fish. Various measures should be carried out as part of pond management. The following are the fish pond management activities.

Tilapia Fish Farming – Pre-stocking :-

In the case of new ponds, pre-stocking starts with liming and filling the water.

  • In the case of existing ponds, any unwanted weeds and fish should be cleared by manual, mechanical or chemical means.
  • Unwanted and predatory fishes and other animals should be removed by repeated netting or by sun drying the pond bed for a couple of days.

Nursery Ponds for Rearing Tilapia Fish.

The fish ponds which are acidic in nature are less productive than alkaline ponds. However, lime is used to bring the pH to the desired level for better production. Apart from this, lime has other benefits as mentioned below.

  • Lime increases the pH level.
  • Lime acts as a buffer and avoids fluctuations of pH.
  • Lime increases the resistance of soil to parasites.
  • Lime toxic effect kills the parasites and lime speeds up organic decomposition.
  • If you are planning to go for commercial fish farming, a soil test should be tested. On average, 225 to 250 kg/ha lime is required to cover the 1-hectare pond. However, the actual dose depends on the pH of the soil and water.
  • In case of a new pond, the pond should be filled with water after liming application.

           The following table shows the lime application in fish ponds.

Tilapia Fish Farming Fertilisation :

Fertilization should be carried out depending on the soil quality in the pond. A combination of both organic and inorganic fertilizers may be used for best results. The fertilization schedule has to be prepared and can be modified depending on the growth of the fish.  

  • Organic manure to be applied after a gap of 3 days from the date of liming.
  • Cow-dung @ 5000 kg/ha may be applied.
  • The requirement of nitrogenous and phosphate fertilizers would vary as per the nature of the soil fertility indicated below.  

Fertilizer Application (Inorganic).

  • The fish pond will be ready for stocking after 2 weeks of application of fertilizers. Tilapia fry (small fish) can be procured from the approved hatcheries.
  • The nursery rearing can be done in nylon meshed hapas suspended in grow-out ponds. 50 – 80 fry may be reared in one square meter.
  • Feeding can be done using small floating pellets and the feeding can be reduced from 30% -20% of the body weight as the fish grows and moved into the grow out pond.
  • Special feeds can be bought from the market. The Tilapia fry should be fed at least 3 – 4 times a day based on the demand for feed to get good survival and growth.
  • The ‘hapa’ should be cleaned regularly to facilitate water flow.
  • After rearing one month in nursery ponds, Tilapia fry’s can be released into the actual growing pond with a stocking density of 3-6 No’s /sq. meter for better development and survival.  
  • Tilapia Fish Farming – Supplementary Feeding: Generally, any fish needs much more feed than what is available in the pond or tank. However, Tilapia fish can be fed with artificial feed and floating pelleted feed. A commercial feed with Feed Conversion Rate of 1.25 to 1.5 is ideally preferred.
  • Tilapia Fish Farming – Manuring: Organic Manuring may be applied in monthly installments @ 900-1000 kg/ha and inorganic fertilization may be applied at monthly intervals alternating with organic Manuring. However, the monthly rate of fertilization will depend on pond productivity and the growth of the Tilapia fish. Make sure that excess fertilization does not take place which may result in eutrophication.
  • Tilapia Fish Farming – Monitoring: Periodical monitoring of the fish to be carried out for disease incidence and growth. Records for day to day management of the pond to be kept for inspection.
  • Tilapia Fish Farming – Harvest: Harvesting of the Tilapia fish is generally done at the end of 5 to 6 months when the fish attains an average weight of 500 to 600 grams in 5-6 months. Production of 8 – 10 tons/ha can be obtained in one crop of 6 months.

Harvesting should be done by partial dewatering and repeated netting. Based on the market demand fish farmers can sell the live fish to market or can be frozen and export to international markets.

There many schemes available in Asian countries where small fish farmers can avail the subsidies on seed and feed, equipment of fish farming.

Tilapia fish farming is an excellent business and one can get decent profits provided there are proper fish farming practices are in place.

Read: Fish Farming Faq .

12 COMMENTS

Thank you for posting this. This is very informative. I am just hoping you could share a copy of this information to me. I needed a printed article of this to serve as reference to our community’s upcoming tilapia culture project. I tried to copy paste this article but for some reason unknown to me the attempt was unsuccessful.

I am hoping for your kind consideration upon my request. Kindly send the copy to my e-mail or if you could provide other ways in which I could copy this article. Thank you very much.

The copy and print of this article is disabled. I will send you in email, but i need a token of appreciation by displaying the blog name in your community. Is it ok? let me know.. Thanks

Very good information indeed, but as you’ve indicated the document cannot be saved, copied or printed. I’m very interested in starting a fish farming project and i’d lke to use your information as reference as i develop a plan. is it possible you can avail this “document” in pdf or any other format that i can freely use?

May I also have a copy of this on my email. This is very good information and am interested in carrying out one such project.

At this point in time, we are not allowing users to copy or download the content. However, you can read topics on the sites itself.

Very fruitful information about tilapia. Dear please can u send it to me please?

I need a project report for this.how much expenditure it will come for 1 Hector.

I want know how much tilapi fish can i put in 40lakh litres of water and in how much time the fishes will be ready to sell

For the first time I got clear informations about fish farming. I would like to keep this beautiful copy for future. Thank you so much for sharing.

Hi, you can bookmark the link. You can open the link and read anytime you want.

I am very grateful for theis information. I have been reading many articles about fish culture but this one has stood up for me. I must say the information is very informative. I will will pass by everytime I need to understand something about tilapia fish culture. Thank you

Thanks for your nice article on Tilapia. I have 2 open wells used for irrigation of the crops, size 16 X 16 X 15 meters, water is always available. Can I grow Tilapia in these wells. Regards SA Hussain

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The Filipino Entrepreneur

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Tilapia Farming

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Raising and selling tilapia is a lucrative business for most fish pond and fish pen owners here in our country. The main reasons are because they are hardy, grow quickly and require inexpensive feeds. The two types I know are raising tilapia in fish pens and in fish ponds.

If you live near a bay like for example Laguna bay, it’s much easier than a fish pond because the water is already there and feeding them is not as much as when you will raise tilapia in a fish pond because there is natural food already in the lake like planktons or other small organisms. Building pens on the bay with the use of bamboo and of course labor, fingerlings, feeds and permits are the essential things to worry about.

But if you will consider digging a farm land for raising tilapia, you will need a bigger capital. Let’s say at least 500,000 pesos. You have to lease a land, rent a bulldozer to dig a pond, invest a water pump if you are far from a water source, buy fingerlings, a professional service of an aquaculture engineer and register to a local government.

There are also factors to consider like fish density for a given square meter of pond which are applicable to both fish pen and fish pond. Just to give you an idea for example you should only raise 3 to 8 tilapia per square meter of the fish pond. Quality and quantity of feeds to be given should also be considered. If you have business plan of tilapia farming it is best to attend a seminar in TLRC which they are conducting every month. Just search this site for TLRC Courses Available for their schedule or go to the TLRC website.

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Comments (27)

hilow.. i am doing now my research study on tilapia production… can you provide me some information about it?

Hi Sir, may i know whats the meaning of TRC? Do you have telephone numbers and address of its office? Thank you

@Ariel TRC means Technology Resource Center. Address: TRC Building, 103 J. Abad Santos cor. Lopez Jaena Sts., Little Baguio, San Juan, City. Contact numbers: 727-6205 loc. 208, 209 / 0928-5022684

I am a certified tilapia grower in south florida usa ,I have a small operation that is growing ,Iam looking for ways to sell fingerlings.

pede po ba gamitin ang tubig ulan as a water source?

@carlos may sugat ang tilapia mo. try mo maglagay ng sea salt sa isang fishnet then ibabad mo sa tubig. I believe this will cure the wound of tilapia.

tanonng ko lang po, bakit po kaya may mga sugat yung mga tilapia na alaga ko, pero buhay pa po sila, ano po kaya ng cause nun?? yun pung iba namamtay na, ano ba ang magandang gawin at may gamot po ba dun?/ tnx po

to Ruel. sir, sa tingin ko po ay over crowded pa rin po yun. sir, ganito na lang po. try to imagine your fishes when it reaches its full sizes. para po ma tantya nyo po kung ilan lang po dapat. tsaka po, dapat ay running water po ang inyong fond. plus, hindi dapat magaspang ang “Wall” ng inyong fond. it could be harmful to your fishes. yun lang po.

ideal po ba yung 50-60 fingerlings per sq. meter para sa concrete pond?plan ko po iconvert sa tilapiaan yung kulungan nmin ng pig.pano po yung setup nun?baka po pwede nyo ako bigyan ng info.salamat [email protected]

@ben esteban

tama po si manuel, Base po sa experience namin at least ang pwede lang po ilagay na bilang per sqm at 50 pcs to 60 pcs para po sila ay lumaki. Kung overcrowding ang area sayang lan gpo ang pakain.

Kami po ay may alagang tilapia sa dating kulungan ng mga baboy namin, ngunit matagal lumaki ang mga ito kahit palagian naming pinapakain ng fish feeds. Ano po ang dapat naming gawin para mapabilis ang paglaki ng mga tilapia namin.

@Ben Esteban Baka po crowded yung fish pen ninyo kaya hindi lumalaki yung tilapia. Dapat kasi may tamang dami ng tilapia per cubic meter.

Hi Guys!!!! @ Tilapia Fingerlings Buyer – I have tilapia hatchery in laguna lake. Mainimum order 0f 5K pcs from 50 cent to 1 pesos each depends on size.

@ For Business Partner -I’m looking for business partner. Please contact me. I have business proposal for bangus grow-out in laguna lake. Minimum of 200K maximum of 500K budget. I have bangus fishpen available in laguna lake

CP number 0922-8230334 Engr. Kennedy San pedro

San po pwede ma avail ung seminar? may bayad po ba ito? if yes how much po?

can crabs be raised in an area planted to nipa palms and with sea water?

as part of the livelihood program of our organization (ANCOP fo Couples for Christ), we plan to raise tilapia in backyards inside drums? Is this possible? are there available materials to read or seminar to attend regarding this?

@ Lozano R. Brozas TRC have an electronic library called eTRC – eLibrary . You have to register and buy a prepaid card to buy their training books and videos which you can download from their website. They have a training on tilapia culture but not sure if they have the raising the tilapia inside drums.

Hi, pwede po humingi ng advise? may nag offer po sakin mag tilapia farming sa laguna, mga 5 na square daw un 12×8 meters isa. 90k po ung ghinihinging puhunan nya kasama na daw po ung bangka (second hand) sapalagay nyo po ba okay na un? advisable parin po ba un this time of the year? sa gitna daw sya ng lake itatayo para self feeding.

@stifnec Mas okey siguro kung kukuha ka ng seminar instead of giving you advice. May mga feasibility studies yung mga seminars kaya mas makakapag-decide ka ng hindi ka malulugi.

hello. I already have a fishpond. I just stated it a month ago. i dont have enough knowledge regarding tilapya farming but my husband and I just tried it by ourselves. How can I improve my production how about the cleaning of the ponds, is it ok if the water is almost brown in color with I think oil? I am using pure feeds from b-meg/. Please help. Thank you.

@lea rabaria It’s best to have a training or buy training materials. TRC have trainings on tilapia culture and also have electronic books on their etechnobank.

Im looking also a fishpen for rent in laguna de bay..my #09232382195

As part of nitiatives for sustainable livelihood program at Lanuza Surigao Sur, we introduce agri-aqua learning farm dvelopment on these stage breding ground establishment wee already started to biuld up. source of good quality fengerlings are the one problem…can you help me searching nilotica near Lanuza surigao sur? thanks

gud day, nghahanap po ako ng mabibilhan ng tilapia fingerlings laguna area.here’s my number 09151898786….sure buyer po ako . ty….. ^_^

gud day…. nid ko po sna help kung saan ako pd mkakabili ng tilapia fingerlings around laguna area sure buyer po ako.

Please, I would be happy if you could send me all the training information about the Tilipia Farming in 2009.

@Daasebre Amponsah Yeboah I’ll try to post some information on tilapia farming on my next post. Thanks for your your comment.

Comments are closed.

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Tilapia Fish Farming: Best Business For Beginners

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Tilapia fish farming is a very profitable business and popular throughout the world. It is a very common fish species throughout the world, and it is economically most important species.

Tilapia is actually the common name for nearly a hundred species of cichlid fish from the coelotilapine, coptodonine, heterotilapine, oreochromine, pelmatolapiine and tilapiine tribes.

Tilapia fish generally have laterally compressed, deep bodies. Like other cichlids, their lower pharyngeal bones are fused into a single tooth-bearing structure. A complex set of muscles allows the upper and lower pharyngeal bones to be used as a second set of jaws for processing food, allowing a division of labor between the “true jaws” (mandibles) and the “pharyngeal jaws”.[ 1 ]

This means they are efficient feeders that can capture and process a wide variety of food items.

Mouth of the tilapia fish is protrusible, usually bordered with wide and often swollen lips. The jaws have conical teeth.

Generally, the tilapia fishes have a long dorsal fin, and a lateral line which often breaks towards the end of the dorsal fin, and starts again two or three rows of scales below. Some Nile Tilapia fish can grow as long as 2 feet.

Currently, tilapia fish is available throughout the world. They are able to adapt themselves to a very wide range of conditions.

In the year of 2002, tilapia fish was the fourth-most consumed fish in the United States. Main reasons of such popularity of this fish includes; low price, easy preparation and mild taste.

And the tilapia fish has become the third most economically important fish in aquaculture after carp and salmon. Worldwide production exceeded 1.5 million metric tons in the year of 2002, and increases annually.

Because of the high protein content, large size, rapid growth rate and palatability of tilapia fish, they are the focus of major aquaculture efforts. Currently, commercial tilapia fish farming is a very popular business in most area around the world.

Table of Contents

Health Benefits of Tilapia Fish

Tilapia fish is a lean source of protein and also a good source of various vitamins and minerals. In a serving of 100 grams, it packs 26 grams of protein and only 128 calories.

tilapia fish, tilapia fish farming, how to start tilapia fish farming, tilapia fish farming business, tilapia fish farming profits

Tilapia is a great source of some minerals and vitamins. It is rich in niacin, vitamin B12, phosphorus, selenium and potassium. However, a 100 grams serving contains the following:

  • Calories: 128
  • Carbohydrates: 0 grams
  • Protein: 26 grams
  • Fats: 3 grams
  • Niacin: 24% of the daily recommended amount
  • Vitamin B12: 31% of the daily recommended amount
  • Phosphorus: 20% of the daily recommended amount
  • Selenium: 78% of the daily recommended amount
  • Potassium: 20% of the daily recommended amount

However, here we are trying to describe more information about the health benefits of consuming tilapia fish.

  • Tilapia contains much less omega-3 than other fish like salmon. It’s omega-6 to omega-3 ratio is higher than some other fish and may contribute to inflammation in the body.
  • If good practices are followed for tilapia fish farming, then it can be a great fish that you can enjoy regularly.
  • The omega-3 fatty acids in tilapia fish have been linked to lower risk of heart diseases.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids are also good for the brain.
  • Consuming tilapia fish is good for bone health, because it contains good amount of phosphorus.
  • Tilapia fish is high in the antioxidant selenium which has many health benefits.
  • However, you can enjoy fresh and safe tilapia fish if you start producing of your own.

Advantages of Tilapia Fish Farming

Tilapia fish farming is very common throughout the world. It is a very profitable business. However, there are many advantages of starting tilapia fish farming. Here we are trying to describe about the top advantages of this business.

  • The main advantage of tilapia fish farming is the easy process of this business. Raising this fish is very easy.
  • Tilapia fish has very good demand in both domestic and international market.
  • Tilapia fish can adopt themselves to a wide variety of climatic conditions. You can start raising some tilapia, even in your unused backyard small pond.
  • Tilapia fish grows very fast. It is also another reason many people are growing this fish.
  • In the year of 2002, tilapia was the fourth-most consumed fish in the United States. And currently, it has become the third most important fish in aquaculture.
  • Tilapia fish is very nutritious and tasty.
  • You don’t have to worry about marketing tilapia fish. Because this fish has very good demand in the market.
  • Commercial tilapia fish farming is very profitable, and you can start either commercial or small scale production.
  • And commercial tilapia fish farming can be a good business for the unemployed educated people.
  • Tilapia fingerlings, feeds and all other required things and facilities are available throughout the world. So, you will not face any problem if you start this business.
  • Consuming tilapia fish has many health benefits. And you can enjoy fresh tilapia if you start growing of your own.

How to Start Tilapia Fish Farming

Starting tilapia fish farming is very easy and simple. Tilapia is a fast growing fish species, and diseases or other problems are relatively less.

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You don’t need much knowledge to start this business, even the beginners can also start growing them. However, here we are trying to describe more information about commercial tilapia production.

Select A Good Location

First of all, you have to select a very good location for your farm. It will be better if the selected land is far from residential area. Selecting a calm place which is free from noises will be good.

Determine Production System

After selecting a good location, determine the systems of growing tilapia. You can start growing tilapia in a variety of conditions. You can start growing tilapia fish in ponds, cages, raceways and also in tanks.

Currently some people are also growing this fish in trash cans. But for commercial production, you have to choose either ponds or tanks.

Exact number of the ponds or tanks for commercial tilapia fish production depends on your budget. It can be one or several tanks or ponds.

Pond or Tanks

You can start growing tilapia fish either in earthen pond or in tanks. The tanks or pond can be of any size or shape depending on your budget.

In case of growing tilapia in earthen pond , the size can be any. But the depth should be around 1.2 meter.

Contact with an expert in your area if you are willing to start growing tilapia fish in tanks.

Ideal Conditions

Naturally tilapia fish can be found in ponds, lakes, marine habitats, watercourses, estuaries and seafaring conditions. They generally grow well in tropic conditions with water temperature ranges between 25°C and 30°C. Some varieties can also tolerate cold temperature down to 8°C to 9°C.

Controlling water quality is very important for commercial tilapia fish farming business. Tilapia fish can survive in dirty water. But you don’t want to produce harmful or poisonous fish in your farm, right?

Bacteria, viruses, pathogens and other infectious organisms are harmful to the human body. So, you should avoid dirty water. Always ensure fresh and good quality water.

Best Tilapia Species

There are numerous tilapia species available throughout the world. But all of these species are not good for commercial production. Some common, popular and economically important tilapia fish species are;

  • Abbassa & Akosomb: Hybrid from Nile tilapia
  • Andersonii: Very tasty. Actually the best tasting species with a small head.
  • Blue Tilapia: Reach body weight between 2 and 4 pounds within a year.
  • Monosex Tilapia : It’s actually a hybrid. It grows very fast, you can grow twice a year.
  • Mozambique Tilapia: These tilapia can’t grow in cold or salty water. They can reach over 2 pounds in a year.
  • Nile Tilapia: It’s growth rate is good. The fishes approximately reach between 1 and 2 pounds after five to seven months.
  • Rendalli: It’s an attractive species for the fish farming industry and is largely herbivorous.

Stocking Density

How much fish can I stock in my pond? It’s a very common question, especially for the people who want to start this business. Let us explain this.

Suppose, you have a pond measuring 40 meter long and 20 meter wide, and a water depth of 1.2 meter. Such a pond can hold around 960 cubic meters of water.

Now, you can stock around 10 tilapia fish per cubic meter. So, your 800 square meter pond with 1.2 meter depth is ideal for stocking and growing 9600 tilapia fish.

Feeding the fish with very good quality and nutritious food is very important. Exact amount of food can vary depending on species, growing conditions and many other factors.

On an average, for commercial production, 1.7 kg food is required for producing and harvesting 1 kg of meat.

Currently, there are many companies available producing commercial feeds for the farmers. You can use such commercial feeds for better production.

Although, you can feed the fish with homemade pellets. You can use rice bran, oat groats, corn, canola meal, alfalfa meal, linseed meal and some vegetables.

Tilapia fishes are naturally very good breeders. They will breed easily and produce fingerlings if you give them the scope to do so.

Taking good care of the fish is very important for proper growth and maximum production. Along with feeding them good quality food, always try to take good care of them. Try to maintain water quality. And also check their health on a regular basis.

You can expect to harvest fish when they reach harvesting weight. It’s actually not possible to tell the exact time, it’s actually depend on the species and some other factors.

For large species, you can start harvesting when the fish reach around 400 grams body weight. You can use common harvesting methods for catching all fish.

After harvesting, sort the fish depending on their size. And try to sell as soon as possible. Live tilapia fishes have very good demand.

Marketing tilapia fish is very easy, because it has good market throughout the world. So, you don’t have to worry much about marketing. Probably, you will be able to easily sell your products in the local market.

tilapia fish, tilapia fish farming, how to start tilapia fish farming, tilapia fish farming business, tilapia fish farming profits

These are the steps and ways for starting and operating a successful tilapia fish farming business. Hope this guide has helped you! Good luck & may God bless you!

Frequently Asked Questions

People ask many questions about tilapia fish farming. Here we are trying to list the most common questions about this fish farming business. Hope you will find your answer. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.

Is tilapia farming profitable?

Yes, tilapia fish farming is a very profitable business. You can make good profits from this business. Although, you have to ensure good marketing facilities for getting maximum profits.

How to start tilapia fish farming business?

Starting tilapia fish farming commercially is relatively easy and simple. You just have to prepare your pond or tank, select good quality fingerlings and feed good quality and nutritious food.

How long do tilapia take to grow?

Depends on numerous factors. But generally most of the tilapia fish reach marketing size within their 8 months of age.

What makes tilapia grow faster?

Good quality nutritious food and availability of adequate oxygen helps the tilapia fish to grow faster.

How much space do tilapia need?

Depends on your production purpose. You can start as small as in a tank or in a large pond.

Which tilapia is best for farming?

Male tilapia is best for farming. Because, male tilapia grow faster than the females.

How many years can tilapia live?

Tilapia is a very hardy fish and their average lifespan is around or up to 10 years.

How many times do we need to feed tilapia?

Feeding the fish twice a day will be very helpful for faster growth of the fish.

How many months that tilapia will harvest?

You can start harvesting tilapia as early as after 3-5 months. But most of the fish will reach good size within their 8 months of age.

Does tilapia need oxygen?

Yes, sure! Clean water, oxygen, food, light and room to swim are the five basic needs of the tilapia fish.

What kind of food do tilapia fish eat?

Tilapia in the wild feed on algae, but on farms they are reared on corn or soybean meal. Today, commercial feeds are available for the tilapia fish.

tilapia fish, tilapia fish farming, how to start tilapia fish farming, tilapia fish farming business, tilapia fish farming profits

What type of water does tilapia grow?

Tilapia can grow and reproduce at salinity concentrations of up to 36 parts per thousand, are highly tolerant of low dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations and ideal growing temperatures are usually between 22C (72F) and 29 C (84F).

Is tilapia easy to grow?

Yes, growing tilapia fish is very easy and simple. They grow fast and breeds easily in captivity.

How many times do tilapia lay eggs?

Mature female tilapia lay eggs every three to four months. They lay their eggs in nests made by the males, then carry the fertilized eggs in their mouths until they hatch.

How many eggs can tilapia lay?

Depends on the species. The blue tilapia can lay between 160 and 1600 eggs.

What is tilapia called in English?

In English, it is sometimes known by the name “St. Peter’s fish”, which comes from the story in the Gospel of Matthew about the apostle Peter catching a fish that carried a coin in its mouth, though the passage does not name the fish.

Is tilapia saltwater or freshwater fish?

Different species of tilapia available which can survive in saltwater or freshwater. But most of the tilapia fish are raised in freshwater.

Can tilapia survive in saltwater?

Yes, some species of tilapia can survive in saltwater.

What is the best fertilizer if you want to raise tilapia?

You can either use commercial fertilizer or organic matter like manure, compost, ipil-ipil leaves, etc. If you do not have organic matter, apply every month one-half kilo of urea and one half kilo of 15-15-15 for even, 100 square meters of water surface.

How much do you feed tilapia?

Depends on the weight of the fish. You have to feed your fish between 1-2 percent of their body weight.

How big is tilapia in 6 months?

In most cases, a male tilapia will reach 400+ grams in 6 months.

How many tilapia do I need for a 1/2 acre pond?

You can stock around or up to 20,000 tilapia in a half acre pond.

What temperature kills tilapia?

Tilapia fish can’t tolerate excessive cold temperature. Cold temperature below 55° F will kills tilapia.

What temperature do tilapia live in?

The recommended water temperature for most types of Tilapia is 82˚ to 86˚F if you want a faster growth rate.

Do tilapia eat insects?

Yes, sure! They actually love to eat insects.

How deep should a tilapia pond be?

Ideal depth of a tilapia pond is 4 feet.

How do you tell if a tilapia is male or female?

Male tilapia have a tapered shape below the anus, whereas the female have a more rounded shape with a triangular indentation in the center. Male tilapia have a tapered shape below the anus, whereas the female have a more rounded shape with a triangular indentation in the center.

Do male or female tilapia grow faster?

Male tilapia fish generally grow faster than the females.

At what age do tilapia lay eggs?

Most of tilapia fish start laying eggs within their 3-4 months of age.

Which country is the largest producer of tilapia in the world?

China is the largest producer of tilapia followed by Indonesia and Egypt.

Is tilapia healthier than meat?

Tilapia offers more omega-3 fats than other animal foods, such as red meat and poultry.

Is tilapia healthy or not?

Tilapia is a healthy addition to any meal.

Is tilapia good for diabetics?

Yes, tilapia fish is good for the diabetic patients. It is great for diabetics because it has no carbohydrates and it is rich in fiber, which is helpful for diabetics in reducing the risk of arterial hypertension.

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Aquaculture In The Philippines, How To Start

Table of contents, climate change impact in aquaculture in the philippines, advantages of aquaculture in the philippines, tilapia fish farming in the philippines, step by step process for fish farming in the philippines, select the type of fish farming, understand the target market, learn the skills required for fish farming, pond design and construction, water requirement for fish farming, fish feed requirements, control diseases, parasites, and predators.

  • Cultured species for aquaculture in the Philippines    

Important species in the Philippines

Aquaculture practices in the philippines, brackish water aquaculture in the philippines, freshwater aquaculture in the philippines, management applied to main fisheries in the philippines, care and maintenance in fish farming, fish marketing in the philippines, role of credit in marketing fish.

Introduction on How To Start Aquaculture in the Philippines : The aquaculture system contributes significantly to the country’s food security, employment, and foreign exchange earnings. Fish farming is a particular type of aquaculture. It provides a good combination of amino acids well suited to human nutritional requirements. The Philippines have a long history in aquaculture and it involves many aquatic species and farming practices in diverse ecosystems. The aquaculture sector is growing much faster than capture fisheries. Sometimes, aquaculture is also referred to as fish farming. A sustainable aquaculture strategy needs;

  • Recognition of farmers earn a fair reward from fish farming
  • To make sure that benefits and costs are shared equitably
  • To promote wealth and job creation
  • To make sure that enough food is accessible to all people
  • To achieve the environment for the benefit of future generations
  • To ensure that aquaculture growth is orderly, with both authorities and industry well organized

There are mainly two kinds of aquaculture. They are marine and freshwater. The former refers to culturing of marine species like shrimps, mussels, clams, oysters, sea bass, and salmon. These all aquatic species usually live in ponds, lakes, and rivers. Generally, aquaculture in the Philippines was initially dominated by milkfish. Tilapia fish is the 2nd important fish species in the Philippines. Fisheries growth is an important contributor to employment and income, export earnings.

A step by step guide on how to start aquaculture in the Philippines, importance and problems

Fish Farming In the Philippines

In the Philippines, fish production from the coastal zone decreased and the fish caught were of lower commercial value. Commercial fishing farming increased in production but existing fishing boats are old and small and lack modern equipment to explore the exclusive economic zone. The Philippines has approximately 330 freshwater fish species.

The future growth of Philippine aquaculture could not be sustained unless new markets are developed, market competitiveness is strengthened, and farming risks are reduced. The Philippine government and the private sector are in the method of preparing a national fisheries development plan which includes aquaculture.

The fisheries sector in the Philippines is mainly classified into capture fisheries and aquaculture. In these, capture fisheries are subdivided into municipal, commercial, and inland fisheries. The Philippines has almost 500,000 hectares of inland bodies of water, comprising about 200,000 hectares of lakes, 246,000 hectares of swamplands, and 31,000 hectares of rivers.

Aquaculture has strong potential for further development in the availability of vast resources like 338,393 ha of swampland, 14,531 hectares of freshwater fishponds, 239,323 hectares of brackish water fishponds, and 19,000 ha of reservoirs in the Philippines. It is categorized according to the environment, farming system, farming technology, and production. For a very long time, aquaculture in the Philippines was virtually synonymous with milkfish culture definitely in brackish water ponds, relying totally on natural food.

Climate change impact on fisheries is a key issue for fish farming in the Philippines. In terms of income and employment, the fisheries in the Philippines make an important contribution to the national economy. Climate change is considered an important factor for fishing nations, but its impact on fisheries is also a key issue for the Philippines.

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Advantages of aquaculture in the Philippines

Aquaculture is the raising of marine fish and shellfish, which is gaining popularity in meeting this demand. The major advantages of aquaculture can be given below;

  • Source of food – Aquaculture is an effective method to meet the increasing demand for fish species. With an aquaculture system, consumers will be assured of a continuous food supply. Also, this becomes the source of food establishments and restaurants that serve seafood like prawns, clams, and salmon, among others. Also, some fish species are cultured to be fed to carnivorous fish species. Fish and other seafood are good protein sources. They have more nutritional value like the addition of natural oils into the diet, such as omega 3 fatty acids.
  • Source of Income – Aquaculture gives job opportunities for many people.
  • Increase Jobs in the Market – The aquaculture sector increases the number of possible jobs in the market. It provides new products for a market and creates job opportunities.
  • Aquaculture saves time compared to other activities. This boosts entrepreneurship and also provides more hiring possibilities and more jobs.
  • Aquaculture Helps the Economy – Aquaculture is a multibillion-dollar industry. This generates enough money to help provide funding for states, regions, and cities.

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Tilapia Fish Farming In The Philippines

In the Philippines, Tilapia plays an important role in food security and nutrition. In the Philippines, Tilapia fish is the 2nd most important freshwater food. Also, the important fish species in the Philippines is the Nile Tilapia (Tilapia Nolitica). Tilapia grows fast compared to other species and reaches the marketable weight of at least 200 grams in less than 6 months. Tilapia species have been introduced into local waterways. Tilapia fish pens are common in the major rivers and lakes in the Philippines.

The success of tilapia farming in the Philippines may be attributed to the suitability of the fish to Philippine conditions, the locally developed technologies for production, and the presence of a vibrant market. The demand for tilapia in major markets of Metro Manila and other population centers of the Philippines is increasing. Freshwater production of Nile tilapia fish in ponds and cages will further expand. Though, the culture of salt-tolerant tilapias in brackish water ponds and sea cages will spread.

The Philippines is the most vulnerable country to extreme weather conditions. Climate and environmental stress in the Philippines have been causing a significant annual decrease in tilapia fish production. Freshwater fish ponds in the Philippines generate 50 to 55% of the total tilapia aquaculture production.

Effects of climate conditions and environmental stress are the main causes of this decrease. Extreme temperature levels and heavy rains that cause sudden changes in important water parameters, such as water temperature, pH level, and oxygen levels, affect tilapia’s growth, breeding success and can even lead to mass fish mortalities. This is supporting fish farmers in winning the race against climate change while contributing to food security.

Pampanga, Batangas, Bulacan, Laguna, and Sultan Kudarat are the top tilapia-producing provinces in the Philippines.

Tilapia production came from freshwater fishponds about 53.88%. The remainder of fish farms from freshwater fish cages about 37.85%, and freshwater fish pens (1.40%), brackish water fishponds about 6.75%, and marine fish cages (0.01%).

Land is a premium commodity in the Philippines, so it is rare to convert good agricultural land into fishponds because this could lower the land market value. Much of the country’s arable land is already being utilized for the agriculture sector, vast areas mainly marine waters, are still under-utilized for aquaculture.

Milkfish product’s popularity in de-boned and smoked forms and their export potential will help to keep the current growth pattern.

The success of tilapia production in the Philippines is attributed to the following points;

  • Government support for research and extension.
  • Cooperation between the government of the Philippines and the private sector and among researchers.
  • Cooperation of many international organizations.
  • Introduction of new breeding stock like Nile tilapia.

Fish farming is the fastest-growing production segment in the world. In a controlled or semi-controlled environment, it is a way of raising aquatic organisms commercially to increase productivity. Fish farming is quite a process. Select the location to keep the fish until the final step where you market it.

This process will help you in identifying the best species you can farm and it will guide you on different feeds to give your fish and. While the process of starting a fish farm business is the same for small and large scale farmers. We can start a fish farming business by following these steps;

Selecting the right fish species plays an important role. The decision must be based on a maintenance point of view, market demand, and availability of resources, etc.

Fish species selection is the most challenging step in the fish farming business. Usually, there are different types of fish types and species. Several factors must be well-thought-out which if not taken into consideration would adversely affect productivity greatly.

Business planning and feasibility analysis are very important to be done before starting a fish farming business in the Philippines. It is helpful to do deep market research before starting fish farming. Then, try to understand the local market demand. Develop an alternative marketing strategy and consumer types will differ relied on the fish type.

It is important to have some skills for starting a fish farming business. There are some governments running fish farms that conduct training programs. It will teach you how to perform disease control, water management, and marketing, feeding, and processing for a successful fish farming business. They are given below;

  • Make sure that you have a quality water source.
  • Check if the water temperature level is suitable for raising fish species.
  • Also, we have easy access to the fish pond for harvesting and feeding.
  • Before beginning fish farming test the water carefully.
  • Recognize the modern technical way of risk management.
  • Fish feed is important for a successful business.
  • For the fish farming business, permission and legal compliance are needed.

After selecting your farm area, construct a suitable fish pond. Before constructing the pond, make a good design and make the pond according to your desired design. It is useful you can consult with the nearest fisheries institute to learn more about specific pond designs for specific fish species.

Always try to maintain a good environment in the fish pond. A good environment helps to live and grow the fish well, and it involved better production and maximum profits.

For rearing fish, a constant water supply is vital. Carefully find a place where there is an interrupted source of fresh and clean water. Locate a place near the river, lake, streams, or even boreholes. Also, the fish pond must be about 0.7 meters deep so you can have successful farming.

After selecting the right fish species, let us see how you feed them. Fish need to feed well to grow healthy for a successful business. Then, this means that buying them supplements will increase their productivity. The fish population must however be limited to ensure that they do not compete for food.

Fish mostly feed on algae, manufactured fish feeds, or water insects. You can buy pellets that are made of soy, maize, vegetable product, and rice. Providing proper care and feed for fish will make them gain weight rapidly and grow fast. By adding some chicken droppings or fertilizer you can spur the growth of algae in the pond. They will grow rapidly, hence providing an additional food source for fish. Fish feeding is best in the morning hours and afternoon. Make sure that you don’t allow any uneaten food to remain in the fish pond for several hours. This is because it may become toxic. Ensure that you insist on the species that there are different supplementary foods for the different fish species.

Let the fishpond remain clean to prevent the entry of parasites and diseases. You can seek help and guidance from aquaculture professional on the correct medication can use when treating a sick fish.

Cultured species for aquaculture in the Philippines     

Aquaculture species cultured include milkfish, Nile tilapia, Mozambique tilapia, common carp, bighead carp, and others, walking catfish, North African catfish, snakehead murrel, giant gourami, barramundi, grouper, orange-spotted spine foot, vermiculated spine foot, spotted scat, giant tiger prawn, other penaeid prawns like Indian white prawn, banana prawn, greasy back shrimp, mud crab, giant freshwater prawn, lobsters, slipper cupped oyster, green mussel, abalone, and seaweed.

The aquaculture species in the Philippines are;

Freshwater aquaculture

  • Tilapia mainly Nile tilapia
  • Carp mainly bighead carp

Brackish water aquaculture

  • Giant tiger prawn
  • Indo-Pacific swamp crab
  • White leg shrimp
  • Banana shrimp
  • Other marine finfish

Mariculture

  • Green mussels
  • Slipper cupped oysters

Alumahan – These belong to the family Scombridae. They are common in the Philippines and are found in shallow coastal waters. Alumahan is also called Mackerel. It is also called “Indian mackerel” or simply mackerel is a common saltwater fish species in the Philippines

Bisugo – Bisugo is commonly found in tropical and salty waters which change in size as well. Relatively, they are popular in the Philippine market because they are versatile for many dishes. It is also called a threadfin bream. Also, they are called whiptail breams.

Salay Salay /Apahay – These are easy to catch although their meat is slightly coarse. They belong in the Scad family. This is a deep-bodied Scad known as “Salay Salay” in the Philippines.

Galunggong – Galunggong is popular in Philippine markets. They are found in salt waters. The mackerel scad is a species of fish of the Carangidae family.

Bangus – Bangus is also called milkfish. It is important seafood in the Pacific with the Philippines where there is a major milkfish aquaculture industry. This fish has olive-green skin with silvery scales with a milky white color bottom. It is an adaptable and sturdy fish that can mainly survive in confined spaces, which is the reason why it is widely available all over the Philippines.

Dilis – This is extremely popular in the Philippine market. It is common in shallow saltwater reefs.

Yellow-Fin – This is common in Philippine markets to be identified as “yellow-fin” tuna. This fish is found in the open waters of all tropical regions.

Kitang – This is a popular brackish water fish. In Philippine dishes it is cooked with vinegar, the process is called paksiw in Tagalog.

Maya-Maya – This is popular in Philippine markets. They vary in size that can either be small or big. They are known for their distinct red color and are found in salty environments.

  • The Philippines is carried out in diverse ecosystems using various cultural systems. Milkfish is cultured in brackish water ponds and fish pens in freshwater lakes. Probably no other aquaculture species is produced under a wider range of environmental systems.
  • The level of aquaculture development in the Philippines varies greatly from one species to another. Within species, the culture system ranges from extensive earthen pond systems yielding only 500 kg per hectare land, to highly intensive marine cages capable of harvesting as much as 50 000 kg in an area. Milkfish production mostly comes from brackish water fishponds.
  • Shrimp farming in the Philippines uses a different variety of systems which are mainly affected by the climate, availability of capital, location, and sources of water supply, and cost of farm inputs. Shrimp farming mainly follows the traditional, semi-intensive and intensive system. The 3rd top shrimp-producing country in the world is the Philippines specifically based on the culture of the black tiger shrimp P. monodon known as sugpo. Though, high stocking densities in pursuit of high production have led to the spread of bacterial diseases.
  • Tilapia comes from freshwater ponds and cages. In the semi-intensive monoculture of Nile tilapia in 1-meter deep earthen ponds (0.25-1 ha), fingerlings (0.25-0.5 g) are stocked at 3-5/m2.
  • Oyster and mussel farming in the Philippines takes place in open coastal waters. The methods used for oyster culture are bottom, stake, and hanging either from a rack or raft-rack. The staking process is the most commonly used. In terms of productivity, the hanging process is the most productive, followed by the stake, then the bottom method. Bottom and stake systems are used in shallow or intertidal areas.
  • For seaweed farming methods can be classified under two methods like farming in shallow waters and farming in deep waters. The stake or bottom system is used in shallow waters. Monoline, raft, and spider web systems are used in deep waters. Farming in shallow waters is the simplest and cheapest process. Farming in deep waters means increased production capacity and yield, and a higher value of the seaweed species formed. One of the main disadvantages is the higher start-up capital required.

Brackish water ponds range from small and simple water impoundments to huge excavations of complex design. Most fish ponds are built on what used to be mangrove swamps. Brackish water aquaculture is also called coastal aquaculture. It is a rapidly expanding farming activity in the overall fisheries development.

Milkfish – Most milkfish species are produced in the western Visayas, central Luzon, northwestern Luzon, and western Mindanao. Milkfish producers use the extensive culture method with stocking densities of 3,000-7,000/ha. The semi-intensive culture system is now gaining interest among milkfish farmers.

Tiger shrimp – Many shrimp hatcheries closed due to a lack of customers. But the shrimp farmers are now plagued with some serious environmental problems like self-pollution, which causes diseases, poor growth, and high mortality.

Nile tilapia – The fish species is well established in lakes, rivers and reservoirs, and fishponds throughout the Philippines.

Milkfish, carps, catfishes – The production of carps including the bighead carp and common carp from ponds and cages.

The Philippines has about 330 freshwater fish species. An example is Sardinella tawilis is a freshwater sardine found only in Taal Lake. Other exotic fish species were also introduced to the lake.

The National Wetlands Action Plan for the Philippines mainly identifies the following challenges of priority inland wetlands;

  • Deforestation of upland and mangrove forests
  • Lack of soil conservation for wetlands
  • Biological pollution (introduction of exotic species)
  • The prevalent practice of drainage for agriculture
  • Increasing saltwater intrusion
  • Contamination of freshwater sources

It employs a localized approach to management and community-based participation, even as it is premised on the larger framework of sustainable growth, the prevention of harm, and the continuity of a healthful ecology for the subsequent generation. To provide maximum sustainable yields from resources, the problems in the lake are probably the most complicated among the inland waters.

  • Fisheries play an important role in food security and livelihood and are a source of income and social growth in developing countries.
  • The basic solution for obtaining better fish yields is good management practices. Some sustainable methods are chosen to make pond preparation.
  • Feed daily during morning and afternoon at one portion of the fish pond. Supplement feeds are useful to gain the total body weight of the fish.
  • By adding more fertilizer maintains the natural fish food. Then, place chicken droppings in sacks and suspend them in the water for the fish pond. Put about 2.5 kg of chicken manure per bag.
  • Maintain a water level depth of about 1 to 1.5 meters.

Shorter distribution channels characterize the fish marketing in the country. The system was created with the inherent characteristics of aquatic products. There are mainly four different types of middlemen engaged in fish marketing;

  • Wholesalers,
  • Wholesalers-retailers,

Tilapia fish is sold to intermediaries, restaurants, and family members. Between 5% and 19% of farmers in the Philippines can sell their fish to restaurants. Operators of small tilapia ponds keep some of the fish for home consumption. Operators of ponds for milkfish are market-oriented.

Credit has been crucial in;

  • Developing the fisheries sector, including aquaculture,
  • Alleviating rural poverty,
  • Improving employment opportunities,
  • Providing a nutritional diet,
  • Increasing export earnings.

Fish traders buy and sell types of fish from freshwater, brackish-water, and marine water fish farming. The majority of traders about 70% obtain their supply directly from fish producers and only 30% from wholesalers. By dealing directly with fish producers, traders are exploring possibilities of increasing profits.

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Hello, This is very informative article. It helped me a lot. I want to know about the author of this article. It will be a huge favor If you could help me . Thank you.

Anxiously waiting for your reply. Thank you.

This is regards to the Tilapia Farming in the Philippines. What are the Percolation(mm/day), Evaporation (mm/day) and Evapotranspiration (mm/day)? and also what are the farm waste/distribution of fishpond farming?

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Tilapia production volume Philippines 2017-2022

In 2022, approximately 251.83 thousand metric tons of tilapia from aquaculture were produced in the Philippines. This was a decrease compared to the previous year's tilapia production, which amounted to around 281.11 thousand metric tons in the country.

Production volume of tilapia from aquaculture in the Philippines from 2017 to 2022 (in 1,000 metric tons)

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Tilapia’s responsible revolution: Swimming towards a more sustainable and profitable future

tilapia business plan philippines

SINGAPORE – Two more fish farms have joined pioneer Heng Heng Fish Farm in producing marine tilapia, a hardy and fast-growing food fish.

By using more sustainable farming methods such as food pellets, which are less polluting than expired bread, and by farming the fish in salt water instead of fresh water, Millenia Farm and Grand Pacific Fishery hope to make tilapia – often shunned by consumers because of its “muddy” taste – a more palatable choice.

Indeed, when The Straits Times tried the four marine tilapia dishes cooked by a foodcourt stall in Yew Tee Square, the textural contrast between the marine tilapia’s firm bite and its delicate sweetness and its freshwater counterpart was evident.

The farms are part of a national effort to transform Singapore’s aquaculture sector into one that is productive, climate-resilient and resource-efficient, with the Government working with industry players to find innovative ways to grow more with less.

Tilapia, for instance, takes up to seven months to grow and costs less than half the price of barramundi (Asian sea bass), which takes 1½ years.

The three farms – the first to join the Singapore Agro-Food Enterprises Federation (Safef) – are adopting more sustainable practices set out in the Good Aquaculture Practice for Fish Farming (GAP-FF). This is a set of guidelines established by the Singapore Food Agency (SFA) to ensure safe and quality fish farming.

Safef has been trying to raise the productivity and farming standards of coastal fish farms , as well reducing the environmental impact of these farms along the Johor Strait, which makes up the majority of aquaculture farms here.

For Mr Ken Cheong, who took over as chief executive officer of Safef in mid-2023, his priority has been to ensure the business viability of farms in the Johor Strait.

One of the first things Safef had to do was to ensure that all three farms that had joined the federation switch to pellet food. Expired bread and baked goods, which are cheaper than protein-rich pellets, are often fed to fish but pollute the saltwater environment and lower oxygen levels, which makes the environment unhealthier for fish.

tilapia business plan philippines

Heng Heng Fish Farm’s owner, Mr Yeo King Kwee, switched fully to pellets in November 2023. While this costs more, Mr Yeo, 63, said marine tilapia grows faster when fed pellets.

He estimates that his farm can produce up to 350 tonnes of marine tilapia per year by end-2024, as compared with 180 to 200 tonnes per year before he had fully switched to pelleted feed.

tilapia business plan philippines

Singapore’s goal is to produce at least 30 per cent of its food needs locally by 2030. According to SFA, it produces 7.6 per cent of seafood, amounting to about four thousand tonnes as at 2022.

Millenia Farm and Grand Pacific Fishery started rearing marine tilapia in June 2023.

“We cannot wait any longer! Let’s start farming marine tilapia,” fish farmer Heng Chun Kwang, 61, told his business partner, Mr Mak Wah Weng, 60, in Mandarin when he heard that local tilapia – generally bred in fresh water, can be acclimated to salt water in West Johor Strait – so it does not have any muddy taste.

tilapia business plan philippines

They are directors of Millenia Farm.

Millenia Farm is currently producing one to two tonnes of tilapia a month. It is hoping to ramp up and produce 50 tonnes of tilapia a year by end-2024 and 100 tonnes of tilapia a year by end-2025.

Mr Phillip Nien, director of Grand Pacific Fishery, estimates that he will be able to produce 15 tonnes of tilapia per month, starting August 2024.

Mr Nien, 62, who currently has four saltwater tilapia ponds in Lim Chu Kang, intends to convert two more ponds for the fish.

tilapia business plan philippines

Safef’s Mr Cheong meets the owners regularly to coordinate and plan the production and supply of tilapia from the three farms.

Safef sends the tilapia feed to a local food testing lab to test for safety and basic nutrition levels. At the same time, Safef staff help the farmers to conduct record-keeping of important data such as amounts of tilapia stocks, amounts of dispensed feed and the mortality rate.

This data is sent to scientists and researchers at Temasek Polytechnic’s Aquaculture Innovation Centre (AIC). AIC has been conducting feeding trials for marine tilapia in land-based tanks since October 2023.

They are drafting a tilapia farming protocol that will set standards for proper husbandry and feeding practices, fingerlings, fish health and water quality in coastal farms, said the centre.

tilapia business plan philippines

The three farms produce tilapia under the brand The Straits Fish, which is processed by distributor Hai Sia Seafood, and cooked by food service provider Chang Cheng Holdings.

Chang Cheng hopes to add value to the marine tilapia by developing new flavours that highlight its firm texture and mildly sweet taste.

Its food court stall, Ming Kitchen Seafood, is launching four new tilapia dishes on Feb 17 – steamed Hong Kong style, deep fried, steamed with soya bean paste and assam tilapia.

“We came together with a consensus to value-add to the marine tilapia in order to make it comparable to other fishes, so that we have the room to compete,” said Chang Cheng’s spokesman.

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Spin the wheel now

I've lost over 100 pounds in less than 2 years. These 9 Aldi buys have helped me stay on track.

  • Over the past year and a half, I've lost over 100 pounds and have kept it off.
  • I shop at Aldi for healthy and lighter food items that won't break the bank.
  • During my last trip to Aldi , I purchased items like fresh produce and low-calorie sauces and spices.

Insider Today

Over the past year and a half, I've lost over 100 pounds.

As someone who was once over 300 pounds, I wanted to live a healthier lifestyle without giving up the foods I loved.

Now, I shop at Aldi for delicious, budget-friendly items that help me maintain my weight loss and healthier lifestyle.

Here's what I bought during my recent trip to Aldi.

Aldi carries a great variety of fresh produce.

tilapia business plan philippines

When I take a trip to Aldi, I always check out the produce section.

Salads are a staple in my diet, but I never want them to be boring. Aldi offers a great variety of greens and other vegetables that help me keep my salads exciting and delicious.

During this trip, I purchased a bag of Tanimura and Antle romaine lettuce and a bag of Simply Nature organic chopped kale.

I picked up some Driscoll's blackberries to add to my smoothies.

tilapia business plan philippines

I regularly use the Aldi app to find weekly deals on produce like berries, avocados, mushrooms, and more.

During my most recent trip, I found a deal on blackberries, which I like to include in fruit bowls, salads, and smoothies .

Low-calorie sauces add flavor to my meals.

tilapia business plan philippines

I love adding sauces to my dishes, but I always fear that they may add too many calories. Thankfully, Aldi has a variety of sauces that are surprisingly low in calories.

One of my favorites is Burman's orange stir-fry sauce, which contains 20 calories per tablespoon serving.

I use Stonemill's garlic-and-herb seasoning on chicken and seafood.

tilapia business plan philippines

Spices are a great low-calorie way to add flavor to a meal. I particularly like that Aldi has several salt-free options, including Stonemill's garlic-and-herb seasoning blend.

This blend tastes great on a variety of dishes like chicken and seafood.

Aldi offers a variety of dairy-free options, like Earth Grown Vegan's mozzarella-style shreds.

tilapia business plan philippines

I'm lactose intolerant and notice that many dairy-free items are both difficult to find and expensive.

Fortunately, Aldi usually stocks a variety of non-dairy items, like Earth Grown Vegan's mozzarella-style shreds.

These tasty cheese shreds make a great addition to my omelets and pasta dishes.

Aldi's tilapia fillets taste great in the air fryer.

tilapia business plan philippines

My local Aldi has both fresh and frozen seafood available for purchase.

Although I was never big on seafood before my weight-loss journey, trying new things has helped me discover a healthier version of myself.

I love Aldi's tilapia fillets, which are a delicious and easy way to add protein to my diet. My favorite way to prepare them is in the air fryer for 20 minutes at 400 degrees Fahrenheit.

Season's Choice vegetables are great to keep in the freezer.

tilapia business plan philippines

As a single guy, keeping a variety of fresh produce in the house can be a struggle because I don't want it to go bad.

However, frozen produce like the Season's Choice steamed vegetables helps to eliminate this issue. Two of my favorites include the broccoli florets and California medley.

I love Earth Grown Vegan's flame-grilled protein burgers.

tilapia business plan philippines

Having light, quick meal options on hand is important to me. One of my favorite easy meals is the Earth Grown Vegan flame-grilled protein burgers.

These meatless protein burgers are packed with 16 grams of protein and are only 100 calories each.

I even like chopping up the patties and adding sage and garlic powder to make meatless sausage grounds for breakfast.

PurAqua's drink mixes make staying hydrated more fun.

tilapia business plan philippines

Staying hydrated is important, but drinking enough water can be difficult.

Luckily, Aldi offers various drink mixes that add flavor to my water. I love the fruit-punch and lemonade flavors from PurAqua.

Click to keep reading Aldi diaries like this one .

tilapia business plan philippines

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COMMENTS

  1. PDF Industry Roadmap 2022-2025 Industry

    The Philippine Tilapia Industry Roadmap is a comprehensive document that outlines the vision, goals, strategies, and action plans for the development of the tilapia sector in the country. It covers the production, processing, marketing, and governance aspects of the industry, as well as the challenges and opportunities for growth and competitiveness. The roadmap is a result of the ...

  2. Starting a Backyard Tilapia Production Business

    Tilapia is the second most important freshwater food in the Philippines. The most important species is the Nile Tilapia (Tilapia Nolitica). Tilpia grows very fast and reaches marketable weight of at least 200 grams in less than six months.

  3. Starting Tilapia Fish Farming Business Plan (PDF)

    This article will outline how to start the tilapia fish farming business, and the tilapia fish farming business plan - PDF, Word and Excel. Market Research Market research plays a pivotal role in laying the groundwork for a successful tilapia fish farming business.

  4. Tilapia Farming in the Philippines: A Comprehensive Guide

    Fabricating Net Cages Constructing the Module Tilapia Farming Techniques for Beginners in the Philippines Open Pond Methods Profitable Tilapia Farming Systems in the Philippines Challenges and Solutions in Tilapia Farming in the Philippines Tilapia Feed Management Strategies for Philippine Farmers

  5. Tilapia Fish Farm Business Plan [Sample Template]

    1. Industry Overview The agricultural industry of which Fish and Seafood Aquaculture business is a subset of is no doubt among the leading industry in most countries of the world; it is the industry that produces fish and seafood for the populace.

  6. Tilapia Farming in the Philippines: Cost ...

    Summary You can accumulate a net income of PHP 700,000 to PHP 1,300,000 per year when selling tilapia in the Philippines. Exploring value-added products like tilanggit can improve your overall profitability in tilapia farming.

  7. Tilapia

    Tilapia - Industry Strategic Science and Technology Plans (ISPs) Platform Tilapia Industry Profile Tilapia is the second most important cultured species in the country accounting for 281,111 MT total production in 2021.

  8. PDF Farming Tilapia in Ponds in Central Luzon, Philippines

    7 In 2002, freshwater tilapia ponds in Pampanga produced 43,411 t. This was a 48% increase over 2001 and comprised 66% of total national tilapia production from freshwater ponds (65,968 t) and 36% of all national tilapia production from aquaculture (122,316 t). The corresponding 2002 harvests from ponds in the other Central Luzon

  9. PDF TILAPIA HATCHERY MANAGEMENT

    The Philippines (in 1990) is considered the world's largest grower of the fish from farming which produces 76,143 metric tons of tilapia and contributed 22% of the total fish production of the country from aquaculture. At present, the culture of tilapia is still expanding industry in the country. It is grown in about 14,500 hectares of freshwater

  10. Philippine Tilapia Industry Roadmap 2022-2025

    PHILIPPINE COUNCIL FOR AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES (PCAF) Apacible Hall. Department of Agriculture Compound. Elliptical Road, Diliman, Quezon City. Trunkline: 928-8751 to 64 locals 2601 to 2614. Email: [email protected].

  11. Tilapia Production and Fish Pond Farming in the Philippines

    Tilapia is the second most important freshwater food in the Philippines. Tilapia production fish pens are commonly found in almost all the major rivers and lakes in the country, including Laguna de Bay in Laguna, Taal Lake in Batangas, and Lake Buhi in Camarines Sur. Locally, tilapia is also known as "pla-pla". The most important species is the Nile (Tilapia nilotica).

  12. Key Players and Stakeholders of The Tilapia Industry Nationwide

    In addition, the DA-BFAR's National Freshwater Fisheries Technology Center presented the National Tilapia Industry Roadmap 2022-2025, wherein highlights of the Tilapia industry were discussed such as performance, supply and value chain, market trends, and the current status of the Tilapia industry in the Philippines and in the international trade.

  13. Sample Tilapia Farming Business Plan

    Establish a business plan for your tilapia farm, this plan may not necessarily be a formally documented plan and financials, but it should show how you intend to raise tilapia and run the business. These should be considered in your plan; How Strong is your Knowledge on Tilapia Farming?

  14. Tilapia Fish Farming Information Guide For Beginners

    Tilapia fish farmers can achieve good profits with a proper fish farming business plan. Tilapia Fish Farming - Selection of Pond: Selection of pond plays a major role in successful Tilapia fish farming. Select the pond or tank with a minimum water depth of 1.5 to 2 meter. Make sure that the water level never falls down below 1 meter.

  15. MCTGA: Making Tilapia Farming More Sustainable

    How it started. Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) is a species growing in freshwater across the Philippines, that contains niacin, vitamin B12, phosphorus, selenium, and potassium and is, therefore, a staple commodity at the dinner table among Filipino families. From a mere backyard hobby, complemented by the green atmosphere on the lowland valley across the roaring Palilan River, tilapia ...

  16. Tilapia Farming

    Manny, May 18, 2007 Raising and selling tilapia is a lucrative business for most fish pond and fish pen owners here in our country. The main reasons are because they are hardy, grow quickly and require inexpensive feeds. The two types I know are raising tilapia in fish pens and in fish ponds.

  17. PDF Overview of Freshwater Aquaculture of Tilapia in the Philippines

    The Philippines Department of Agriculture has prepared a tilapia master plan; proposed directions for tilapia farming up to 2010; and identified strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. 16 This master plan addresses strategic targets to meet projected long-term growth,

  18. PDF Tilapia Farm Business Management and Economics

    Table of Contents Tilapia Farm Business Management Enterprise Profitability Monitoring Business Performance Measuring Efficiency Compiling a Business Plan Investment Analysis Risk Analysis Through the Use of Risk Software Summary and Conclusions Appendix: Record Keeping 3 4 14 18 28 30 32 36 38. . . Tilapia Farm Business Management & Economics

  19. Tilapia production and value addition: A successful enterprise of VCSFA

    June 21, 2022 Jennifer Valcobero 0 Comments Press release Tilapia farming in pond Cultivating tilapia in earthen ponds is the most widely used system in Bukidnon for growing the fish to marketable size (350-500 grams; 3-7 fish/kg). Their farm sites have a structure to control water flow in and out.

  20. PDF Aquaculture Extension Manual No. 66 July 2020 Tilapia Culture

    Cold tolerant tilapia strain BFAR-NFFTC, Muñoz, Nueva Ecija Molobicus BFAR National Inland Fisheries Technology Development Center (BFAR-NIFTDC), Dagupan, Pangasinan Genomar Supreme Tilapia (GST) Genomar Philippines (www.genomar.no) Table 1. Genetically improved Nile tilapia strains that are available in the Philippines as of 2019

  21. Tilapia Fish Farming: Best Business For Beginners

    Calories: 128 Carbohydrates: 0 grams Protein: 26 grams Fats: 3 grams Niacin: 24% of the daily recommended amount Vitamin B12: 31% of the daily recommended amount Phosphorus: 20% of the daily recommended amount Selenium: 78% of the daily recommended amount Potassium: 20% of the daily recommended amount

  22. Aquaculture In The Philippines, How To Start

    The former refers to culturing of marine species like shrimps, mussels, clams, oysters, sea bass, and salmon. These all aquatic species usually live in ponds, lakes, and rivers. Generally, aquaculture in the Philippines was initially dominated by milkfish. Tilapia fish is the 2nd important fish species in the Philippines.

  23. Philippines: production volume of tilapia 2021

    Tilapia production volume Philippines 2017-2021. In 2021, approximately 281.1 thousand metric tons of tilapia from aquaculture were produced in the Philippines. This was a slight increase compared ...

  24. Tilapia's responsible revolution: Swimming towards a more sustainable

    Let's start farming marine tilapia," fish farmer Heng Chun Kwang, 61, told his business partner, Mr Mak Wah Weng, 60, in Mandarin when he heard that local tilapia - generally bred in fresh ...

  25. San Miguel-led group wins $3 billion Philippine airport project

    MANILA — A consortium led by Philippine conglomerate San Miguel Corp SMC.PS beat two other groups to win a $3 billion contract to upgrade and operate the country's main international air gateway, DZRH radio reported on Friday. San Miguel President Ramon Ang did not immediately confirm, but when asked earlier if its group won the bidding for the Manila aiport project said: "Thanks to DOTR ...

  26. Aldi Products That Helped Me Maintain 100-Pound Weight Loss

    I love Aldi's tilapia fillets, which are a delicious and easy way to add protein to my diet. My favorite way to prepare them is in the air fryer for 20 minutes at 400 degrees Fahrenheit. Advertisement

  27. Philippines' awarding of $3 billion airport deal moved to Feb. 16

    MANILA — The Philippines ' transportation ministry said on Wednesday the winning bidder for a $3 billion contract to upgrade and operate the country's main international airport will be announced on Feb. 16 instead of the previous Feb. 15 schedule. — Reporting by Neil Jerome Morales; Editing by Martin Petty

  28. Philippines picks San Miguel-led group to upgrade NAIA

    Philippines picks San Miguel-led group to upgrade NAIA. By. Neil Jerome Morales via Reuters-February 16, 2024 - 11:27 AM. 462. Share. Facebook. ... SPONSORED ARTICLES. How logistics industry experts plan to 'move forward' after COVID-19. Reasons why Filipinos love Korean culture and products. Why Batangas is the destination for budget ...